- Shakespeare in Love
name = Shakespeare in Love
imdb_id = 0138097
David Parfitt Donna Gigliotti Harvey Weinstein Edward Zwick Marc Norman
director = John Madden
Marc Norman Tom Stoppard
Gwyneth Paltrow Joseph Fiennes Geoffrey Rush Colin Firth Ben Affleck Judi Dench Tom Wilkinson Imelda Staunton Rupert Everett Martin Clunes| Simon Callow
Miramax Films(USA) Alliance Atlantis(Canada) Universal Pictures(non-USA/Canada)
released = flagicon|USA
December 3, 1998(premiere)
11 December 1998( New York City; Los Angeles)
25 December 1998
flagicon|USA (nation wide)
8 January 1999
29 January 1999
11 February 1999
25 February 1999
runtime = 123 min.
budget = $25,000,000
gross = $289,317,794 (worldwide)
amg_id = 1:174142
language = English
"Shakespeare in Love" is a 1998
romantic comedy/ drama film. The film was directed by John Madden and co-written by playwright Tom Stoppard, whose first major success was with the Shakespeare-influenced play " Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead".
The film is largely fictional, although several of the characters are based on real people. In addition, many of the characters, lines, and plot devices are references to Shakespeare's plays.
"Shakespeare in Love" won a number of
Academy Awardsin 1999, including Best Picture, Best Actress (for Gwyneth Paltrow) and Best Supporting Actress (for Judi Dench). It was the first comedy to win the Best Picture award since " Annie Hall" (1977) and no comedy has won the award since.
The film makes no pretense at historical accuracy. The basis of "Romeo and Juliet", for example, was a poem and not one of Shakespeare's romances.
The film features many comic
anachronisms: a psychotherapist; a mug marked "A present from Stratford-on-Avon"; Shakespeare leaping into a ferry and saying "Follow that boat!"; Queen Elizabeth Iremarking "Have a care with my name or you will wear it out"; and Shakespeare anticipating the phrase " The show must go on!"
The characters of Ralph Bashford, James Hemmings, Edward Pope, Sam Gosse, James Armitage, Viola de Lesseps, Robert de Lesseps, Lady de Lesseps, Hugh Fennyman, and Lord Wessex did not exist.
The characters of
Philip Henslowe, Richard Burbage, Ned Alleyn, Will Kempe, Edmund Tylney, Augustine Philips, John Hemmings (spelled in real life as "John Heminge"), George Bryan, Christopher Marlowe(played in an uncredited cameo by Rupert Everett), and John Websterdid exist, but their actions in the film are fictitious.
There were neither
tobaccoplantations nor English colonies in America in the 1590s. Moreover, Wessex and Viola would not have gone to Virginia; instead, Wessex would have had a surrogate run his plantations.
The film centres around the forbidden love of
William Shakespeare( Joseph Fiennes) and a noble woman, Viola de Lesseps ( Gwyneth Paltrow).
As the film begins, Shakepeare's patron Philip Henslowe (
Geoffrey Rush) finds himself in debt to loan sharkHugh Fennyman ( Tom Wilkinson). Henslowe offers Fennyman a partnership in the upcoming production of Shakespeare's newest comedy, "Romeo and Ethel, The Pirate's Daughter" promising that it will be a hit. This play will later be renamed " Romeo and Juliet" and be reworked into a tragedy(but with some comical undertones with a few characters, like the Nurse).
Will Shakespeare is suffering from
writer's blockand has not completed the play, but begins auditions for Romeo. A boy named Thomas Kent is cast in the role after impressing Shakespeare with his performance and his love of Shakespeare's previous work. Unbeknownst to Shakespeare and the rest of the theater company, Kent is young noblewoman Viola de Lesseps. Viola de Lesseps's dream is to act, but as women were barred from the stage, she must disguise herself as a young man in order to fulfill her dream.
After Shakespeare discovers his star's true identity, he and Viola begin a passionate secret affair. There are strong parallels between the pair's romance and the romance in "Romeo and Juliet", including the ballroom scene from act 2 and the
balconyscene immediately following it. The element of forbidden love forms the basis of Shakespeare's inspiration, and many of their conversations later show up as some of the most famous quotes in the play.
Inspired by Viola, Shakespeare begins writing feverishly. His work in progress also benefits from the off-hand advice of playwright and friendly rival
Christopher Marlowe( Rupert Everett). Yet Shakespeare and de Lesseps know that their romance is doomed. Shakespeare is married, albeit long separated from his wife, and Viola is a noblewoman whose parents would never permit her to marry a commoner such as Shakespeare. In fact, Viola's father has privately arranged a betrothal for her to Lord Wessex ( Colin Firth).
Viola is called to the court of
Queen Elizabeth I( Judi Dench), and Shakespeare dons a woman's disguise to accompany her. At court, Shakespeare manages to goad Wessex into betting the grand sum of fifty pounds that a play cannot capture the nature of true love. If "Romeo and Juliet" is a success, Shakespeare as playwright will win the money. The Queen, who enjoys Shakespeare's plays, agrees to be a witness to the wager. The true purpose of the meeting is revealed when Wessex announces his intent to marry Viola.
The Lord of Revels, an official of the Queen, learns that there is a woman in the theater company at the Rose playhouse. He orders the theater closed for this violation of morality and the law. Left without a stage or lead actor, it seems that "Romeo and Juliet" must close before it even opened. Shakespeare is offered one last chance by the owner of a competing theater, the Curtain, who offers his own theater to Shakespeare. Shakespeare will take the role of Romeo himself, with a boy actor playing Juliet.
Viola learns that the play will be performed on the very day of her wedding. After the ceremony, Viola's loyal nurse (
Imelda Staunton) helps her slip away to the theater. In one final twist, mere moments before the play begins, the boy playing Juliet starts experiencing the voice change of puberty. Viola takes the stage to replace him and plays Juliet to Shakespeare's Romeo. Their passionate portrayal of two lovers inspires the entire audience.
The Lord of Revels arrives at the theater with Wessex, who has deduced his new bride's whereabouts. The Lord invokes the name of the Queen to arrest all there for indecency. Suddenly, Elizabeth I's voice rings out from the back of the theater: "Have a care with my name - you will wear it out!" The Queen had decided to attend the play, and says that she will handle this matter herself. Although she recognizes Viola in her guise as Thomas Kent, the Queen does not unmask Viola, instead declaring that the role of Juliet is being performed by the boy Thomas Kent.
However, even a Queen is powerless to break an official
marriageof the Church. Queen Elizabeth orders "Thomas Kent" to fetch Viola so that she may sail to America. She also states that "Romeo and Juliet" has accurately portrayed true love and Wessex is forced to pay Shakespeare the fifty pounds. This is enough to allow Shakespeare become a shareholder in a new theater. The Queen then commissions Shakespeare to write something "a little more cheerful next time." Viola and Shakespeare part, never to meet again. She must accompany Wessex to a colonial settlement in Virginia. Shakespeare immortalizes her by making the main character of his new play, Twelfth Night, a strong young woman named Viola who also disguises herself as a boy.
Mel Gibsonwas the first choice to play Philip Henslowe. A cast reshuffle saw Geoffrey Rushwin the part.
*Several years before the film was finally made,
Michelle Pfeifferwas cast alongside Tom Hanks, but both dropped out a few weeks before filming. The project then went into turnaround at Universal Pictures, where it remained until Miramax Filmsresuscitated it.
Meg Ryan, Jodie Foster, Winona Ryder, and Kate Winsletwere all considered for the part eventually played by Gwyneth Paltrow.
Ben Affleckwas not considered for his role until Paltrow put him forward, supplying an audition tape to the producers that they had prepared together.
Julie Andrewswas in the running for the role of Queen Elizabeth Iwhich eventually went to Judi Dench
References to Shakespeare's work
The main source for much of the action in the film is "
Romeo and Juliet", which the events in the film ultimately inspire Will to write. Will and Viola play out the famous balcony and bedroom scenes; like Juliet, Viola has a witty nurse, and is separated from Will by a gulf of duty (although not the family enmity of the play—the "two households" of "Romeo and Juliet" are supposedly inspired by the two rival playhouses). In addition, the two lovers are equally 'star-crossed' — they are not ultimately destined to be together (since Viola is of nobilitypromised to marry Earl of Wessexand Shakespeare himself is already married). There is also a Rosaline, with whom Will is in love at the beginning of the film.
Many other plot devices used in the film are common in various Shakespearean comedies and in the works of the other playwrights of the Elizabethan era: the Queen disguised as a commoner, the
cross-dressingdisguises, mistaken identities, the swordfight, the suspicion of adultery (or, at least, cheating), the appearance of a ' ghost', and the ' play within a play'. The film also features numerous sequences in which Shakespeare and the other characters utter words that will later appear in his plays:
*On the street, Shakespeare hears a
Puritanpreaching against the two London stages: "The Rose smells thusly rank, by any name! I say, a plague on both their houses!" Two references in one, both to "Romeo and Juliet"; first, "A rose by any other name would smell as sweet" (Act II, scene ii, lines 1 and 2); second, "a plague on both their houses" (Act III, scene i, line 94).
*Backstage of a performance of "
The Two Gentlemen of Verona", Shakespeare sees William Kempein full make-up, silently contemplating a skull (a reference to " Hamlet").
*Shakespeare utters the lines "Doubt thou the stars are fire, / Doubt that the sun doth move" (from "Hamlet") to Philip Henslowe.
*As Shakespeare's writer's block is introduced, he is seen crumpling balls of paper and throwing them around his room. They land near props which represent scenes in his several plays: a skull ("Hamlet"), and an open chest ("
The Merchant of Venice").
Viola, as well as being Paltrow's name in the film, is the lead character in Twelfth Nightwho dresses as a man after the death of her brother.
*At the end of the film, Shakespeare imagines a shipwreck overtaking Viola on her way to America, inspiring the second scene of his next play, "
*Shakespeare writes a sonnet to Viola which begins: "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" (from
Sonnet 18). Christopher Marloweappears in the film as the master playwright whom the characters within the film consider the greatest English dramatist of that time — this is accurate, yet also humorous, since everyone in the film's audience knows what will eventually happen to Shakespeare. Marlowe gives Shakespeare a plot for his next play, "Romeo and Ethel the Pirate's Daughter" ("Romeo is Italian...always in and out of love...until he meets...Ethel. The daughter of his enemy! His best friend is killed in a duel by Ethel's brother or something. His name is Mercutio.") Marlowe's "Doctor Faustus" is quoted ad nauseam: "Was this the face that launched a thousand ships/ And burned the topless towers of Ilium?"
John Websterwho plays with mice is a reference to the leading figure in the Jacobean generation of playwrights. His plays (" The Duchess of Malfi", " The White Devil") are known for their blood and gore, which is why he says that he enjoys " Titus Andronicus", and why he says of "Romeo and Juliet" when asked by The Queen "I liked it when she stabbed herself."
When the clown Will Kempe says to Shakespeare that he would like to play in a drama, he is told that "they would laugh at Seneca if you played it," a reference to the Roman tragedian renowned for his somber and bloody plotlines which were a major influence on the development of English tragedy.
Will is shown signing a paper repeatedly, with many relatively illegible signatures visible. This is a reference to the fact that several versions of Shakespeare's signature exist, and in each one he spelled his name differently.
The writers of "Shakespeare in Love" were sued in 1999 by
Faye Kellerman, author of the book "The Quality of Mercy". Ms. Kellerman claimed that the story was lifted from her book, a detective novel in which Shakespeare and a cross-dressing Jewish woman attempt to solve a murder. Miramaxderided the claim of similarity as " [an] absurd...publicity stunt". [cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/the_oscars_1999/301620.stm|title=Novelist sues Shakespeare makers|date= 1999-03-23|publisher=BBC News|accessdate=2008-06-30] [cite news|url=http://www.cnn.com/SHOWBIZ/Movies/9903/23/shakespeare.lawsuit/|title=Writer sues makers of 'Shakespeare in Love'|date= 1999-03-23|publisher=CNN|accessdate=2008-06-30] After the film's release, certain publications, including " Private Eye", noted strong similarities between the film and the 1941 novel" No Bed for Bacon", by Caryl Brahmsand S J Simon, which also features Shakespeare falling in love and finding inspiration for his later plays. In a foreword to a subsequent edition of "No Bed for Bacon" (which traded on the association by declaring itself "A Story of Shakespeare and Lady Viola in Love") Ned Sherrin, "Private Eye" insider and former writing partner of Brahms', confirmed that he had lent a copy of the novel to Stoppard after he joined the writing team, but that the basic plot of the film had been independently developed by Marc Norman, who was unaware of the earlier work.
Academy Award for Best Picture
Academy Award for Best Actress— Gwyneth Paltrow
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress— Judi Dench
Academy Award for Best Art Direction— Martin Childs& Jill Quertier
Academy Award for Costume Design— Sandy Powell
Academy Award for Original Music Score— Stephen Warbeck
Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay— Marc Norman& Tom Stoppard
BAFTA Award for Best Film
*BAFTA Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role — Judi Dench
*BAFTA Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role —
* BAFTA Award for Best Editing —
Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy— Gwyneth Paltrow
Golden GlobeAward Best Screenplay - Comedy/Musical Film - Marc Norman & Tom Stoppard
Screen Actors GuildAward for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Motion Picture
Screen Actors GuildAward for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role in a Motion Picture - Gwyneth Paltrow
Writers Guild of America Awardfor Best Original Screenplay — Marc Norman & Tom Stoppard
Academy Award for Directing— John Madden
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor— Geoffrey Rush
Academy Award for Best Cinematography— Richard Greatrex
Academy Award for Film Editing— David Gamble
Academy Award for Makeup— Lisa Westcott& Veronica Brebner
Academy Award for Sound— Robin O'Donoghue, Dominic Lester, Peter Glossop
*BAFTA David Lean Award for Direction — John Madden
*BAFTA Award for Best Actress —
*BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role -
*BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role —
*BAFTA Award for Best Cinematography — Richard Greatrex
*BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay —
Marc Norman& Tom Stoppard
*BAFTA Award for Best Make Up/Hair — Lisa Westcott
*BAFTA Award for Best Sound — Robin O'Donoghue, Dominic Lester, Peter Glossop, John Downer
*BAFTA Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music —
*BAFTA Award for Best Costume Design — Sandy Powell
*BAFTA Award for Best Production Design —
Directors Guild of AmericaAward for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures — John Madden
Golden Globe Award for Best Director - Motion Picture— John Madden
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture— Geoffrey Rush
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture— Judi Dench
"Shakespeare in Love" has since been used as material in the VCE (Victorian Certificate of Education) in
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Look at other dictionaries:
Shakespeare in Love — Données clés Titre québécois Shakespeare et Juliette Titre original Shakespeare in Love Réalisation John Madden Scénario Marc Norman Tom Stoppard Acteurs principaux … Wikipédia en Français
Shakespeare In Love — Titre original Shakespeare in Love Réalisation John Madden Acteurs principaux Joseph Fiennes (William Shakespeare) Gwyneth Paltrow (Viola De Lesseps) Simon Callow Judi Dench Geoffrey Rush Ben Affleck Tom Wilkinson Martin Clunes … Wikipédia en Français
Shakespeare in love — Titre original Shakespeare in Love Réalisation John Madden Acteurs principaux Joseph Fiennes (William Shakespeare) Gwyneth Paltrow (Viola De Lesseps) Simon Callow Judi Dench Geoffrey Rush Ben Affleck Tom Wilkinson Martin Clunes … Wikipédia en Français
Shakespeare in Love — Comédie romantique de John Madden, avec Joseph Fiennes (William Shakespeare), Gwyneth Paltrow (Viola de Lesseps), Judi Dench (Elizabeth Ire), Ben Affleck (Ned Alleyn), Geoffrey Rush (Philip Henflowe), Colin Firth (lord Wessex), Tom Wilkinson… … Dictionnaire mondial des Films
Shakespeare in Love — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Shakespeare in Love Produktionsland USA, Großbritannien … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shakespeare in love — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Shakespeare in Love Originaltitel: Shakespeare in Love Produktionsland: USA, Großbritannien Erscheinungsjahr: 1998 Länge: 123 Minuten Originalsprache … Deutsch Wikipedia
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