Windham County, Connecticut

Windham County, Connecticut

Infobox U.S. County
county = Windham County
state = Connecticut
map size = 250
founded = 1726
seat = none; Connecticut counties do not have a county government
area_total_sq_mi =521
area_land_sq_mi =513
area_water_sq_mi =9
area percentage = 1.67%
census yr = 2000
pop = 109091
density_km2 =82
|

Windham County is a county located in the northeastern corner of the U.S. state of Connecticut. As of 2000, the population was 109,091.

The entire county is within the Quinebaug and Shetucket Rivers Valley National Heritage Corridor, as designated by the National Park Service.

Government

County level government in the state of Connecticut was abolished in 1960. All government affairs and services are administered by either the state or local municipality.

The office of county high sheriff was abolished by constitutional referendum in 2000. All former functions of the county sheriff's office are now carried out by the state marshall's service.

Transportation

Major highways through Windham County include Interstate 395, which runs north-south from the New London County line at Plainfield to the Massachusetts state line at Thompson. The southern part of I-395 is part of the Connecticut Turnpike, which branches off the interstate in Killingly and runs east-west from I-395 exit 90, to U.S. Route 6 at the Rhode Island state line.

Other north-south routes include Route 12, which parallels I-395 through many local communities, Route 169, a National Scenic Byway traveling through rural communities from the New London County line in Canterbury to the Massaschusetts state line in Woodstock. Other secondary north-south roads are Routes 89, 198, 97, 21, and 49.

Major east-west routes are U.S. Route 44 from the Tolland County line at Ashford to the Rhode Island state line at Putnam, and U.S. Route 6 from the Tolland County line at Windham to the Rhode Island state line at Killingly. U.S. Route 6 has short expressway segments in Windham and Killingly. Other secondary east-west roads are Routes 14, 101, 171, and 197.

Geography

There are no incorporated cities in Windham County. There is one incorporated borough, Danielson.

Two areas formerly incorporated as cities were re-organized as Special Service Districts, Willimantic (1983) and Putnam (1984).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 521 square miles (1,351 km²), of which, 513 square miles (1,328 km²) of it is land and 9 square miles (23 km²) of it (1.67%) is water.

Adjacent counties

*Worcester County, Massachusetts (north)
*Providence County, Rhode Island (east)
*Kent County, Rhode Island (southeast)
*New London County (south)
*Tolland County (west)

Geographic Location
Centre = Windham County, Connecticut
North = Worcester County, Massachusetts
Northeast =
East = Providence County, Rhode Island
Southeast = Kent County, Rhode Island
South = New London County, Connecticut
Southwest =
West = Tolland County, Connecticut
Northwest =

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 109,091 people, 41,142 households, and 28,223 families residing in the county. The population density was 213 people per square mile (82/km²). There were 43,959 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.27% White, 1.87% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.59% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. 7.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.5% were of French, 12.1% French Canadian, 10.5% Irish, 9.6% English, 8.0% Italian and 6.8% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 88.7% spoke English, 5.9% Spanish and 2.7% French as their first language.

There were 41,142 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,115, and the median income for a family was $52,490. Males had a median income of $38,319 versus $26,745 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,443. About 5.70% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.30% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, towns, boroughs, and villages*

*Ashford (Town)
*Brooklyn (Town)
*"-- East Brooklyn (a village of Brooklyn)"
*Canterbury (Town)
*Chaplin (Town)
*Eastford (Town)
*Hampton (Town)
*Killingly (Town)
*"-- Danielson (a borough of Killingly)"
*Plainfield (Town)
*"-- Central Village (a village of Plainfield)"
*"-- Moosup (a village of Plainfield)"
*"-- Plainfield Village (a village of Plainfield)"
*"-- Wauregan (a village of Plainfield)"
*Pomfret (Town)
*Putnam (Town)
*"-- Putnam District (a village of Putnam)"
*Scotland (Town)
*Sterling (Town)
*"-- Oneco (a village of Sterling)"
*Thompson (Town)
*"-- North Grosvenor Dale (a village of Thompson)"
*"-- Quinebaug (a village of Thompson)"
*Windham (Town)
*"-- South Windham (a village of Windham)"
*"-- Willimantic (a village of Windham)"
*Woodstock (Town)
*"-- South Woodstock (a village of Woodstock)"*" Boroughs are incorporated portions of one or more towns with separate borough councils, zoning boards, and borough officials. Villages are named localities, but have no separate corporate existence from the towns they are in."

References

External links

* [http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/CT/New+London/districts.html National Register of Historic Places listing for New London Co., Connecticut]


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