Unmanned resupply spacecraft


Unmanned resupply spacecraft

Unmanned resupply spacecraft are a special kind of robotic spacecraft that operate autonomously without a human crew, designed to support space station operation. This is different from space probes, which mission is to conduct scientific investigations.

Resupply spacecraft have been used since 1978 to service the Salyut 6, Salyut 7, Mir and International Space Station.

Current spacecraft in this category include:
* the Russian Progress spacecraft, used since 1978
* the Russian TKS spacecraft, used from 1981 to 1991
* the European Automated Transfer Vehicle, first launched on 9 March 2008.

Future spacecraft in this category may include:
* the Japanese H-II Transfer Vehicle, with a planned first flight in 2009
* the American private-sector SpaceX Dragon, with demonstration flights in 2009 and 2010
* the American private-sector Andrews Cargo Module from Andrews Space
* the American private-sector ARCTUS from Spacehab
* the American private-sector Cygnus spacecraft from Orbital Sciences Corporation.

Canceled projects:
* the American private-sector Kistler K-1 from Rocketplane Kistler, canceled October 2007.

See also

* Space transport


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spacecraft — Spaceship redirects here. For other uses, see Spaceship (disambiguation). More than 100 Russian Soyuz manned spacecraft (TMA version shown) have flown since 1967, originally for a Soviet manned lunar program, but currently supporting the… …   Wikipedia

  • Unmanned aerial vehicle — UAV redirects here. For the entertainment company, see UAV Corp.. For the veterans organization, see Ukrainian American Veterans. A group photo of aerial demonstrators at the 2005 Naval Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Air Demo. An unmanned aerial vehicle …   Wikipedia

  • Unmanned combat air vehicle — A MQ 9 Reaper during a training mission An unmanned combat air vehicle (UCAV) or combat drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that is designed to deliver weapons (attack targets) without an onboard pilot. Currently operational UCAVs are under …   Wikipedia

  • Cygnus (spacecraft) — Cygnus spacecraft Description Role: Under development To be used to supply the International Space Station because of the retirement of the Space Shuttle Crew: 0 Carrier Rocket: Taurus I …   Wikipedia

  • Robotic spacecraft — An artist s interpretation of the MESSENGER spacecraft at Mercury A robotic spacecraft is a spacecraft with no humans on board, that is usually under telerobotic control. A robotic spacecraft designed to make scientific research measurements is… …   Wikipedia

  • Dragon (spacecraft) — SpaceX Dragon spacecraft Artist s rendering of the cargo variant of the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft (bottom) berthing to the International Space Station (top). Description Role: Commercial: various roles that put humans and cargo into LEO …   Wikipedia

  • Progress spacecraft — The Progress is a Russian expendable freighter spacecraft. The spacecraft is an unmanned resupply spacecraft during its flight but upon docking with a space station it allows astronauts inside, hence it is classified manned by the manufacturer. [ …   Wikipedia

  • Cygnus spacecraft — The Cygnus spacecraft are unmanned resupply spacecraft being developed by Orbital Sciences Corporation as part of NASA s COTS project. They are designed to transport supplies to the International Space Station (ISS) after the retirement of the… …   Wikipedia

  • TKS spacecraft — was designed by Vladimir Chelomei as a manned spacecraft launched with Proton rocket alternative to the Soyuz spacecraft to supply the military Almaz space station. Development began in 1965, but by the time the first flight articles were ready… …   Wikipedia

  • Columbus (spacecraft) — For the ISS module, see Columbus (ISS module). Columbus and Hermes (artist s impression) The Columbus Man Tended Free Flyer (MTFF) was a European Space Agency (ESA) program to develop a space station that could be used for a variety of… …   Wikipedia