- Marion, Cyprus
Marion (Greek: Μάριον) was one of the Ten city-kingdoms of Cyprus. It was situated in the north-west of the island in the Akamas region, close to the present town of Polis. Both Strabo and Pliny the Elder mention the city in their writings.
The city was founded in the 7th century BC and grew wealthy from the nearby copper and gold mines. It also served as an important trading port for both metal and timber. The current port of Latchi, is built on the foundations of this ancient harbour, where its remnants are visible to this day. 
In 450 BC, the city was conquered by the Athenian general Kimon during his Cyprus campaign. He was pursuing the Persians following the Battle of Salamis in an attempt to re establish Athenian supremacy in the Eastern Mediterranean. It was eventually destroyed in 312 BC by Ptolemy I and was later replaced by the nearby city of Arsinoe.
Archaeological excavations of the area were first undertaken by the Swedish Cyprus Expedition between 1927 and 1931.  This was followed by the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus, and since 1983 by the Princeton Cyprus Expedition  .
E. Linder and A. Raban carried out the only investigation of the remains of the harbour in 1971. 
- ^ Childs, William (November 1997). "The Iron Age Kingdom of Marion". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (The American Schools of Oriental Research) 308 (308): 37–48. doi:10.2307/1357408. JSTOR 1357408.
- ^ "World of naval dockyards - The port of the kingdom of Marion". University of Cyprus. http://www2.cs.ucy.ac.cy/navigationdusavoir/CyprusPortal/navaldockyards/MaterialHeritage/AncientAge/Architecture/portOfMarion.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-05.
- ^ Gjerstad, E.; P. Dikaios (1949). "The Swedish Cyprus Expedition: Vol. IV". The Journal of Hellenic Studies (The Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies) 69: 124. doi:10.2307/629546. JSTOR 629546.
- ^ E. Gjerstad, J. Lindros, E. Sjöqvist, A. Westholm, The Swedish Cyprus Expedition (Vols I-IV)
- ^ Childs W.P., 1988 "First preliminary report on the excavations at Polis Chrysochous by Princeton University", Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (1988), Nicosia, 121-130
- ^ Childs W.P., 1999 "Princeton excavations at Polis Chrysochous 1994-1997", Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (1999), Nicosia, p223-237
- ^ Raban A., 1995 "The Heritage of Ancient Harbour Engineering in Cyprus and the Levant" in Karageorgis V. – D. Michaelides (ed.), Proceedings of the International Symposium Cyprus and the Sea, Nicosia, p165
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Marion — may refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Other uses 4 … Wikipedia
Marion (Königreich) — Marion war ein eisenzeitliches Königreich auf der Mittelmeerinsel Zypern. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lage 2 Grabungen bei Polis Khrysokhous 3 Geschichte 4 … Deutsch Wikipedia
cyprus — /suy preuhs/, n. Obs. cypress2. * * * Cyprus Introduction Cyprus Background: Independence from the UK was approved in 1960 with constitutional guarantees by the Greek Cypriot majority to the Turkish Cypriot minority. In 1974, a Greek sponsored… … Universalium
Cyprus — /suy preuhs/, n. an island republic in the Mediterranean, S of Turkey: formerly a British colony; independent since 1960. 752,808; 3572 sq. mi. (9250 sq. km). Cap.: Nicosia. * * * Cyprus Introduction Cyprus Background: Independence from the UK… … Universalium
Cyprus Conflict Resolution Trainers Group — The Cyprus Conflict Resolution Trainers Group (also referred to in the media or literature as CRTG: Conflict Resolution Trainers Group, or simply Trainers’ Group or The Trainers) was founded in 1994 by about 30 Cypriot peace pioneers (15 Greek… … Wikipedia
Polis, Cyprus — Polis Chrysochous Πόλις Χρυσοχούς (Greek) Poli (Turkish) … Wikipedia
Ancient history of Cyprus — History of Cyprus This article is part of a series Timeline … Wikipedia
History of Cyprus — This article is part of a series Timeline … Wikipedia
Arsinoe (Northwest Cyprus) — Arsinoe (Greek: polytonic|Ἀρσινόη) was an ancient city in northwestern Cyprus, near the promontory of Akamas (Acamas) (Strabo xiv. p. 682; Ptol. v. 14. § 4), near the older city, Marion (Greek: polytonic|Μάριον); some ancient writers conflate the … Wikipedia
Ten city-kingdoms of Cyprus — The phrase ten city kingdoms of ancient Cyprus usually refers to the ten Greek, Graeco Phoenician or Graeco Eteocypriot city states listed in an inscription of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon in 673/2 BC.These are, followed by their name in Greek:… … Wikipedia