- Haverhill, Suffolk
infobox UK place
country = England
population = 22,010 (2001 Census)
shire_district= St Edmundsbury
region= East of England
constituency_westminster= West Suffolk
Haverhill is an industrial market town in the county of
Suffolk, England, next to the borders of Essexand Cambridgeshire. It lies approximately fourteen miles southeast of Cambridgeand sixty miles north of London. Haverhill is the second town of the borough of St Edmundsbury, and has a population of around 22,000. The name of the town is pronounced 'Hay-ver-hill'.
The town centre lies at the base of a gentle dip in the chalk hills of the
Newmarket Ridge; running through the town is the Stour Brook, which goes on to join the River Stour just outside the town. Rapid expansion of the town over the last two decades means that the western edge of Haverhill now includes the hamlet of Hanchet End. The surrounding countryside largely consists of arable land.
Haverhill dates back to at least Saxon times, and the town's market is recorded in the
Domesday book(1086). Whilst most of its historical buildings were lost to the great fire on June 14 1667, it does however retain one notable Tudor house (reportedly given to Anne of Clevesas part of her divorce from Henry VIII, and thus titled "Anne of Cleves House") and many interesting Victorian buildings.
Following a planning review in 1956, Haverhill was targeted for expansion. This was primarily to resettle communities from
Londonwhich had been devastated during World War II. As part of this plan, new housing settlements and new factories were built. A later review in 1962 planned for a threefold increase in population from the then population of 5,446. [ [http://www.stedmundsbury.gov.uk/sebc/visit/hh-20th-century.cfm The History of Haverhill in the 20th Century ] ] This influx of people changed many aspects of life in Haverhill. One noticeable change is the that the local Suffolk accent (still spoken by the towns older residents) has largely been replaced by a London/South-east England accent that is characterised as Estuary English.fact|date=November 2007
Nowadays, Haverhill is predominantly a modern and young town, the relatively small town centre is surrounded by many large housing developments, completed at various periods between the 1950s and the present. Recently, it has seen the growth of small, but noticeable Portuguese and Polish communities.fact|date=November 2007
Haverhill's economy is dominated by
industry, and a large industrial area on the southern side of the town is home to a large number of manufacturing companies such as Wisdom toothbrushes, Gurteenclothing, Winmau Dartboards, and Grampian Foods(in Little Wrattingnear Haverhill). Other companies deal in chemicals (e.g. International Flavours & Fragrances), waste processing, transport and construction. In 1982, the international biotechnologyfirm Genzymeopened site in Haverhill for manufacturing pharmaceuticals.
marketis held in the town in the High Streeteach Saturday and a smaller market held each Friday in the town's market square. This has been a long running tradition throughout Haverhill's history (as is also the case for many other market townsin England).
There are various sporting activities available in Haverhill, including a leisure centre (with swimming pool) [ [http://www.acleisure.com/havlc.asp Abbeycroft Leisure - Haverhill Leisure Centre ] ] , an eighteen-hole
golfcourse [ [http://www.club-noticeboard.co.uk/haverhill/ Haverhill Golf Club ] ] , a dancing school specialising in Ballet, Modern, Tap and Acro/Gymnastics [ [http://www.lisamason.co.uk/ Lisa Mason School of Dance, Haverhill, Suffolk - Ballet, Tap, Modern and Acro/Gymnastics ] ] , a ten-pin bowlingalley, and a snookerclub. Aside from sport, the Haverhill Arts Centre [ [http://www.haverhillartscentre.co.uk/ Welcome to Haverhill Arts Centre, Haverhill, Suffolk ] ] features a cinema and has a varied schedule of music, drama, dance, and comedy. This facility is housed in the town hall, a grade II listed buildingand opened as an arts centre in 1994. A new 5-screen multiplex cinema complex has been approved and is currently being constructed in the centre of the town [ [http://www.haverhill-uk.com//cgi-bin/hav/news.pl?mode=1&id=1902 Haverhill-UK - News - Haverhill Multiplex Cinema Wins Backing ] ] . There is also a thriving Angling Club with waters on the River Stourand the Flood Park Lake. Haverhill is also home to The Centre for Computing History- a computer museum established to tell the story of the Information Age. [ [http://www.haverhill-uk.com/news/breaking-news--a-museum-for-haverhill-2018.htm/ Haverhill-UK - News - A Museum for Haverhill] ]
The busy A1307 road connects Haverhill to
Cambridgeand this route is heavy with commuter traffic most mornings and evenings.fact|date=November 2007 Local bus services on this route run approximately every 30 minutes during the day, and hourly in evenings and Sundays. [ [http://www.stagecoachbus.com/cambridge/ Cambridge - Home ] ] The bus station in Haverhill also provides local services to some of the surrounding towns and villages. The town has no railwaystation, and is sometimes said to be the largest town in England without one (though the claim is untrue). [cite web|url=http://www.haverhillecho.co.uk/news/Myth-surrounding-Haverhill39s-lack-of.3965139.jp|title=Myth surrounding Haverhill's lack of train station debunked|publisher="Haverhill Echo"|date= 10 April 2008] It once had two railway stations and two interconnected railways. The Stour Valley Railwayran from Cambridgeto Sudbury and beyond via Haverhill North whilst the Colne Valley and Halstead Railwayran from Haverhill South to Marks Teyvia Castle Hedinghamand Halstead. For the most part Haverhill North was used as the passenger train terminus for both the Stour Valley and Colne Valley railways to allow interchange between the two railways. Both stations are now demolished however many bridges, cuttings and embankments are still visible in Haverhill and beyond. In recent years the "Cambridge to Sudbury Rail Renewal Association" has been started to try to bring the railway back to the town. [ [http://www.subbrit.org.uk/sb-sites/stations/s/sudbury/index.shtml Station Name: Sudbury] Disused Stations]
For national and international flights, Haverhill is situated close to
London Stansted Airportwhich lies approximately convert|30|mi|km to the south. The much smaller Cambridge City Airportalso serves some domestic flights.
In 2000-1 two thousand inhabitants of Haverhill were photographed and morphed into a single image by the artist
Chris Dorley-Brown. The resulting image was displayed in the National Portrait Gallery, London. This was the biggest photographic morphing project of its kind. [ [http://www.haverhill2000.com haverhill2000 ] ]
In November 2004, Haverhill made a claim for a world first, becoming the only known town to feature a
laser-lit sculpture on a roundabout. [ [http://www.haverhill-uk.com/pages/roundabout-project---the-spirit-of-enterprise---november-2004-760.htm Haverhill-UK - Roundabout Project - The Spirit of Enterprise - November 2004 ] ] The convert|11|m|ft|sing=on high steelsculpture, called the Spirit of Enterprise, is situated on the main gateway roundabout on the west side of town, and was mostly funded by local businesses. [ [http://www.haverhillenterprise.co.uk/roundabout.html Haverhill Roundabout Sculpture Project ] ]
Nathaniel Ward, the author of the first constitution in North America, was born in Haverhill in 1578. Pop musician Steve Rinaldiof the bands Rinaldi Singsand The Moment, who featured a map of the town on the cover of their first single, "In This Town" (1984), is originally from Haverhill. The actress Charlotte Ramplingwas born in Sturmer, just outside Haverhill. [imdb name|0001648|Charlotte Rampling]
* [http://www.haverhill-uk.com The Official Town Website - includes history and photographs]
* [http://www.haverhill-news.com Haverhill Online News]
* [http://www.haverhillcricketclub.co.uk Haverhill Cricket Club]
* [http://www.stedmundsbury.gov.uk/sebc/visit/hh-20th-century.cfm The History of Haverhill in the 20th century]
* [http://www.haverhillecho.com Haverhill Echo]
* [http://www.haverhill2000.com Haverhill 2000 photographic project]
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