- Lough Foyle
Lough Foyle ("Loch Feabhail" in Irish) is the name given to the
estuaryof the River Foylein Ulster. It starts where the Foyle leaves Derry. It separates the Inishowen Peninsulain County Donegalfrom County Londonderryin Northern Ireland.
There is a saying, that when one is on a boat on Lough Foyle, one is at the only place in the world where north is south, and south is north. (The
Republic of Ireland, even Donegal, is referred to as "the South" by many in Northern Ireland, while "the North" is a common term for Northern Ireland).
*In the summer time, a
ferryservice operates between Donegal and County Londonderry over Lough Foyle.
Broharris Canalwas constructed in the 1820s when a cut, some two miles long on the south shore of Lough Foyle near Ballykelly was made in the direction of Limavady. It served both as a drainage channel and a navigation with goods being brought from the port of Derry, and shellfishand kelpfrom the sand banks along the shore.
*In 1792 the four mile
Strabane Canalwas constructed from the tidal waters of Lough Foyle at Leck, to Strabane. The canal fell into disuse in 1962. In June 2006 the Strabane Lifford Development Commissionawarded a £1.3m cross-border waterways restoration contract. The project involves the restoration of one and a half miles of canal and two locks to working order. Work is due to start on the Lough Foyle side of the canal in the summer of 2006.
Flora and fauna
A survey of Lough Foyle was made between March 1937 and June 1939 by H. Blackler. Blackler, H. 1951. An
algalsurvey of Lough Foyle, Northern Ireland. "Proc. R. Ir. Acad." 54B(6):97 - 139] In this a map shows the distribution of certain species of algaein the lough and a full annotated list of the algae recorded along with photographs of the different sites. The list included: Cyanophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Rhodophyceae, lichensand two species of Zostera. The marine algae of Lough Foyle are also included in Morton (2003).Morton, O. 2003. The marine macroalgae of County Donegal, Ireland.. "Bull. Ir. biogeog. Soc."27: 3 - 164]
Royal Society for the Protection of Birdshas a reserve at the lough. [ [http://www.rspb.org.uk/reserves/guide/l/loughfoyle/index.asp Royal Society for the Protection of Birds] ]
The Lough Foyle Ramsar site (wetlands of international importance designated under the
Ramsar Convention), is 2204.36 hectares in area, at Latitude 55 05 24 N and Longitude 07 01 37 W. It was designated a Ramsar site on 2 February 1999. The site consists of a large shallow sea lough which includes the estuaries of the rivers Foyle, Faughan and Roe. It contains extensive intertidal areas of mudflats and sandflats, salt marshand associated brackish ditches. The site qualified under Criterion 1 of the Ramsar Conventionbecause it is a particularly good representative example of a wetland complex which plays a substantial hydrological, biological and ecological system role in the natural functioning of a major river basin located in a trans-border position. It also qualified under Ramsar criterion 2 as it supports an appreciable number of rare, vulnerable or endangered species of plant and animal. A range of notable fish species have been recorded for the Lough Foyle estuaryand the lower reaches of some of its tributary rivers. These include Allis shad, Twait shad, Smelt and Sea lamprey, all of which are Irish Red Data Book species. Important populations of Atlantic salmonmigrate through the system to and from their spawning grounds.cite web | title=Designated and Proposed Ramsar sites in Northern Ireland | work=Joint Nature Conservation Committee | url=http://www.jncc.gov.uk/pdf/RIS/UK12014.pdf | accessdate=2008-07-07]
The site also qualified under Ramsar criterion 3 as it supports a large numbers of wintering waterfowl including internationally important populations of
Whooper Swan, Light-bellied Brent Gooseand Bar-tailed Godwit, as well as wildfowl species which are nationally important in an all-Ireland context, including Red-throated Diver, Great Crested Grebe, Mute Swan, Bewick’s Swan, Greylag Goose, Shelduck, Common Teal, Mallard, Eurasian Wigeon, Common Eider, and Red-breasted Merganser. Nationally important wader species include Eurasian Oystercatcher, Eurasian Golden Plover, Grey Plover, Lapwing, Red Knot, Dunlin, Eurasian Curlew, Common Redshankand Greenshank.
The main character of
Alfred Bester's famous science-fictionnovel, The Stars My Destination, is named Gulliver Foyle. Bester took the names of his characters from various locations in Irelandand Great Britain.
List of loughs in Northern Ireland
List of Ramsar sites in Northern Ireland
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Lough Foyle — (irisch: Loch Feabhail) ist der Name des Ästuars des River Foyle in den Nordkanal in Ulster. Die Bucht trennt die Inishowen Halbinsel in der Republik Irland von Nordirland. Ein größerer Ort an der Nordküste des Lough Foyle ist Moville in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Lough Foyle — Ubicación del Lough Foyle. Lough Foyle (irlandés: Loch Feabhail) es el nombre que se da al estuario del río Foyle en Ulster. Comienza donde el Foyle deja Derry. Separa la península de Inishowen en el condado de Donegal (República de Irlanda) de… … Wikipedia Español
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Attacks on shipping in Lough Foyle (1981-1982) — Infobox terrorist attack title=Attacks on shipping in Lough Foyle caption= The coaster Nellie M in 1974 location=Lough Foyle, off Derry target=2 cargo ships 2,000 BRT date=6 February, 1981 23 February, 1982 time= timezone= weapons=2 pilot boats 4 … Wikipedia
Foyle — can refer to:*The River Foyle in Northern Ireland *Lough Foyle, the river s estuary *Several organisations and divisions that take their name from the river including: **Foyle (Assembly constituency) **Foyle (Northern Ireland Parliament… … Wikipedia
Foyle (Rivière) — Foyle (fleuve) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Foyle. Foyle Caractéristiques … Wikipédia en Français
Foyle (riviere) — Foyle (fleuve) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Foyle. Foyle Caractéristiques … Wikipédia en Français
Foyle (rivière) — Foyle (fleuve) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Foyle. Foyle Caractéristiques … Wikipédia en Français
Foyle — Vorlage:Infobox Fluss/DGWK fehltVorlage:Infobox Fluss/LÄNGE fehltVorlage:Infobox Fluss/QUELLHÖHE fehltVorlage:Infobox Fluss/MÜNDUNGSHÖHE fehltVorlage:Infobox Fluss/HÖHENUNTERSCHIED fehltVorlage:Infobox Fluss/EINZUGSGEBIET fehltVorlage:Infobox… … Deutsch Wikipedia