Henry Chandler Cowles

Henry Chandler Cowles
Henry C. Cowles in the Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona, 1913

Henry Chandler Cowles (February 27, 1869 - September 12, 1939) was an American botanist and ecological pioneer (see History of ecology). Born in Kensington, Connecticut, he attended Oberlin College in Ohio. He studied at the University of Chicago with the plant taxonomist John M. Coulter and the geologist Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin as main teachers. He obtained his Ph.D. in 1898 for his study of vegetation succession on the Lake Michigan sand dunes. The inspiration to these studies came from reading Plantesamfund by the Danish botanist and pioneer ecologist Eugen Warming.[1][2] The translation of Warming's term into English as "Oecology" led to Cowles becoming one of the primary popularizers of the term ecology in the United States. Cowles studied Danish to be able to read the original[3] and later (1905) visited Warming in Copenhagen. Cowles was one of the founding members of the Ecological Society of America.[4]

One of his field study locations is now named Cowles Bog in his honor; Cowles Bog and nearby dune locations were later preserved for the public as part of the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Cowles Bog is located off of Shore Drive in Dune Acres, Indiana.

Among Cowles's students who advanced American ecology were Victor E. Shelford, William Skinner Cooper, Paul B. Sears, George Damon Fuller, Walter P. Cottam, Arthur G. Vestal and May Theilgaard Watts.[5] Cowles also served as a special field assistant of the United States Geological Survey.

His publications include:

  • Ecological Relations of the Vegetation on the Sand Dunes of Lake Michigan (1899)
  • Text-Book of Botany (1910)
  • Plant Societies of Chicago and Vicinity (1901)

References

  1. ^ A Letter from Henry A. Gleason, written 1952, printed in Brittonia 39: 2 (1987), pp. 205-209.
  2. ^ Prytz, S. (1984) Warming – botaniker og rejsende. Lynge, Bogan; p. 127 quotes a letter from Cowles to Warming: "The reading of it (i.e. Plantesamfund) in the summer of 1896 turned the current of my life, which is now devoted to ecology".
  3. ^ Cassidy, V.M. (2007) Henry Chandler Cowles – pioneer ecologist. Kedzie Sigel Press, Chicago. [1]
  4. ^ ESA history
  5. ^ Sprugel DG (1980) A 'pedagogical genealogy' of American plant ecologists. Bulletin ESA 64: 197-200
  6. ^ "Author Query". International Plant Names Index. http://www.ipni.org/ipni/authorsearchpage.do. 

External links



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См. также в других словарях:

  • Henry Chandler Cowles — Henry C. Cowles en las Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona, 1913 Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henry Chandler Cowles — (* 27. Februar 1869 in Kensington, Connecticut; † 12. September 1939 in Chicago, Illinois) war ein US amerikanischer Botaniker und Vegetationskundler. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Cowles“. Leben Cowles studierte bis 1893 am… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cowles, Henry Chandler — ▪ American botanist born Feb. 27, 1869, Kensington, Conn., U.S. died Sept. 12, 1939, Chicago       American botanist, a pioneer in the field of plant ecology.       During the 1890s, Cowles conducted a study of sand dune vegetation that resulted… …   Universalium

  • Cowles — may refer to a person: From the United States: Anna Roosevelt Cowles (Bamie) (1855–1931), sister of Theodore Roosevelt, aunt of Eleanor Roosevelt Betsy Mix Cowles (1810–1876), feminist and educator, Ohio David L. Rock Cowles (1964 ), caricaturist …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Cowles — is the name of: *Henry B. Cowles (1798 ndash;1873), U.S. Representative from New York *Henry Chandler Cowles (1869 ndash;1939), American botanist and ecological pioneeree also*Henry Cowell (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Cowles Bog — National Natural Landmark Cowles Bog in the spring with high water. Location Porter County, Indiana, USA …   Wikipedia

  • Cowles — ist der Name folgender Personen: Henry Chandler Cowles (1869–1939), US amerikanischer Botaniker und Vegetationskundler Virginia Cowles (1910–1983), britische Journalistin und Schriftstellerin Cowles ist der Name folgender Orte: Cowles (Nebraska)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Histoire De L'écologie — Article de la série Histoire des sciences Chronologie Chronologie des sciences Chronologie de l astronomie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Histoire de l'ecologie — Histoire de l écologie Article de la série Histoire des sciences Chronologie Chronologie des sciences Chronologie de l astronomie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Histoire de l'écologie — Ernst Haeckel a inventé en 1866 le terme « écologie » L écologie en tant que science est généralement considérée comme récente, étant seulement devenue prééminente dans la seconde moitié du XXe siècle. Le terme… …   Wikipédia en Français


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