Haute-Marne


Haute-Marne
Haute-Marne
—  Department  —

Coat of arms
Location of Haute-Marne in France
Coordinates: 48°05′N 05°15′E / 48.083°N 5.25°E / 48.083; 5.25Coordinates: 48°05′N 05°15′E / 48.083°N 5.25°E / 48.083; 5.25
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Prefecture Chaumont
Subprefectures Langres
Saint-Dizier
Government
 – President of the General Council Bruno Sido
Area1
 – Total 6,211 km2 (2,398.1 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 – Total 194,873
 – Rank 87th
 – Density 31.4/km2 (81.3/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 52
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 32
Communes 432
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Haute-Marne is a department in the northeast of France named after the Marne River.

Contents

History

Haute-Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Champagne, Burgundy, Lorraine and Franche-Comté[1]

In March 1814 the departmental prefecture, Chaumont, was the unwitting witness to the end of the First Empire. On 1 March, Prussia, Russia, the United Kingdom and Austria signed an accord forbidding any individual peace deal with Napoleon I, and to fight until his final defeat.

During World War II, Haute-Marne was partitioned under German occupation. The canal which runs from the Marne to the Saône served as a border, dividing the department into east and west. The east was a "reserved zone", intended for the creation of a new German (Ripuarian) state, whereas to the west would be the traditional "occupied zone". Haute-Marne was finally liberated by the Allies, in the form of the division of General Leclerc, between August and September 1944.


Geography

Haute-Marne is part of the region of Champagne-Ardenne and is surrounded by the departments of Meuse, Vosges, Haute-Saône, Côte-d'Or, Aube, and Marne. The nearest big cities are Paris, Nancy, Strasbourg, Basel, and Dijon.

The highest mountain is Haut-du-Sac, in the Langres Plateau, in the southwest of the department, which rises to a height of 516 m (1,693 feet). The lowest points at 117m are found on the plains of Perthois and Der.[1]

The department is named after the Marne River, whose source is near Langres. This river covers 120 kilometres within the department. The department is to the east of the Parisian basin, and is characterised by a concentric sequence of cliff faces of varying geological origin, oriented northeast/southwest.


Tourism

The fortified town of Langres, the Renaissance castle of Joinville, and the village of Colombey-les-deux-Églises are all major attractions.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Haute-Marne, Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia. Research Machines plc. September 8, 2005. accessed on October 19, 2006.

External links


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  • Haute-marne — Administration Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haute Marne — Administration Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haute-Marne — Region Champagne Ar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Haute-Marne —   [ot marn], Département in Frankreich, Region Champagne Ardenne, umfasst das Plateau de Langres mit dem Oberlauf der Marne, 6 211 km2, 195 000 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist Chaumont.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Haute-Marne — (spr. ōt márn ), s. Obermarne …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Haute-Marne — Sp Aukštutinė Márna Ap Haute Marne L Prancūzijos departamentas …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Haute-Marne — /oht mannrddn /, n. a department in E France. 212,304; 2416 sq. mi. (6255 sq. km). Cap.: Chaumont. * * * …   Universalium