Pott's fracture


Pott's fracture
Pott's fracture
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 S82.6
ICD-9 824.4-824.5

Pott's fracture, (not to be confused with Pott's disease), also known as Pott’s syndrome I and Dupuytren fracture, is an archaic term loosely applied to a variety of bimalleolar ankle fractures.[1] The injury is caused by a combined abduction external rotation from an eversion force. This action pulls on the extremely strong medial (deltoid) ligament, often tearing off the medial malleolus. The talus then moves laterally, shearing off the lateral malleolus or, more commonly, breaking the fibula superior to the tibiofibular syndesmosis. If the tibia is carried anteriorly, the posterior margin of the distal end of the tibia is also sheared off by the talus. A fractured fibula in addition to detaching the medial malleolus will tear the tibiofibular ligament.[2] The combined fracture of the medial malleolus, lateral malleolus, and the posterior margin of the distal end of the tibia is known as a "trimalleolar fracture." [3] Note that in a "trimalleolar fracture" that the posterior distal end of the tibia is erroneously labeled as a malleolus. A real life example of this would be the foot everting in a football tackling sport's injury. In this injury, a person's ankle receives a lateral force pushing the fibula towards the tibia. The player, on the ground, responds with the force of eversion force from the calcaneous to lesson the initial lateral force. The eversion of the foot twists the fibula from its rest position into the plane where the lateral force originated. To come out of its plane, it must pivot from a certain point to accomplish this rotation. That pivot point is where the fracture would occur. This pivot point, since it is above the anterior tibiofibular ligament, would consequently tear. Better imagine this was as two hands on a clock, one hand facing 12, the other facing 6. Both hands are the fibula of the person's right leg. The lateral force approaches from 3 o'clock. The hand pointing at the 6 everts to the position at 5 (thus laterally) to compensate and thus must in order to occur fracture at its pivot point.[2]

The bimalleolar fractures are less likely to be arthritic than trimalleolar fractures.[4]

History

English physician Percivall Pott experienced this injury in 1765 and described his clinical findings in a paper published in 1769.[5][6]

The term "Dupuytren fracture" refers to the same mechanism,[7] and it is named for Guillaume Dupuytren.[8]

References

  1. ^ Hunter, T., Peltier, L.F. Lund, P. J. (2000). Radiographics. 20:819-736.
  2. ^ a b Moore and Agur. Essential Clinical Anatomy. Lippincotts Williams and Wilkins. 2007
  3. ^ Moore and Dalley. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. 2006
  4. ^ Wilson FC (2000). "Fractures of the ankle: pathogenesis and treatment". Journal of the Southern Orthopaedic Association 9 (2): 105–15. PMID 10901648. http://www.medscape.com/viewpublication/137_toc?vol=9&iss=2. 
  5. ^ Pott, P. (1769). Some Few General Remarks on Fractures and Dislocations. London, Howes. Clarke. Collins.
  6. ^ synd/1126 at Who Named It?
  7. ^ Sartoris DJ (1993). "Eponymic fractures of the ankle". The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons 32 (2): 239–41. PMID 8318982. 
  8. ^ Dupuytren, G. (1819). Mémoire sur la fracture de l’extremité inferieure du peroné, les luxations et les accidents qui en sont la suite. Ann med.-chir Hôp. Paris, 1: 2-212.

Pott did not describe disruption of the tibio-fibular ligament, whereas Dupuytren did.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pott's fracture — Pott s disease Pott s dis*ease (Med.) Caries of the vertebr[ae], frequently resulting in curvature of the spine and paralysis of the lower extremities; so named from Percival Pott, an English surgeon. [1913 Webster] {Pott s fracture}, a fracture… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pott's fracture — n a fracture of the lower part of the fibula often accompanied with injury to the tibial articulation so that the foot is dislocated outward …   Medical dictionary

  • pott's fracture — n. a fracture of the lower end of the fibula, usu. with dislocation of the ankle. Etymology: P. Pott, Engl. surgeon d. 1788 * * * noun Usage: usually capitalized P : a fracture of the lower part of the fibula accompanied with injury to the tibial …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pott's fracture — a fracture of the lower fibula and of the malleolus of the tibia, resulting in outward displacement of the foot. [see POTT S DISEASE] * * * …   Universalium

  • Pott's fracture — noun a fracture of the lower end of the fibula, usually involving a dislocation of the ankle. Origin C19: named after the English surgeon Sir Percivall Pott …   English new terms dictionary

  • Pott's fracture — A fracture consisting of the breaking of one bone of the lower leg between the knee and ankle joints, and a severance of the malleolus process of the other one so as to effect a complete solution of the continuity of both bones. Peterson v Modern …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Pott's disease — Pott s dis*ease (Med.) Caries of the vertebr[ae], frequently resulting in curvature of the spine and paralysis of the lower extremities; so named from Percival Pott, an English surgeon. [1913 Webster] {Pott s fracture}, a fracture of the lower… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fracture — 1. To break. 2. A break, especially the breaking of a bone or cartilage. [L. fractura, a break] apophysial f. separation of apophysis from bone. articular f. a f. involving the joint …   Medical dictionary

  • Pott-Fraktur — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 S82.6 Fraktur des Außenknöchels, Fibula mit Beteiligung des oberen Sprunggelenkes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • fracture — A break, crack, or split in a bone. A crack or break in a steam boiler. 29A Am J Rev ed Ins § 1365. See Pott s fracture …   Ballentine's law dictionary


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