- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1566
United NationsSecurity Council Resolution 1566 is an anti-terrorism resolution adopted on 8 October 2004UN document |docid=S-RES-1566(2004) |type=Resolution |body=Security Council |year=2004 |accessdate=2007-09-06] . It follows UN Security Council Resolution 1373which was adopted as a response to the September 11terrorist attacks on the United States.
Condemning terrorism as one of the most serious threats to peace and security, the United Nations Security Council unanimously called on countries to prosecute or extradite anyone supporting terrorist acts or participating in the planning of such schemes.
In adopting resolution 1566, the Council set up a working group to consider recommendations on measures to be imposed against "individuals, groups or entities involved in or associated with terrorist activities" not already identified by its
Al-Qaidaand Talibansanctions committee.
Some approaches to be studied include "more effective procedures considered to be appropriate for bringing them to justice through prosecution or extradition," freezing financial assets, travel restrictions and arms embargoes.
The text calls on countries to prevent and punish "criminal acts, including against civilians, committed with the intent to cause death or serious bodily injury, or taking of hostages, with the purpose to provoke a state of terror in the general public or in a group of persons or particular persons, intimidate a population or compel a government or an international organization to do or to abstain from doing any act."
Such acts "are under no circumstances justifiable by considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or other similar nature," according to the Council.
The resolution also asks the working group to consider the possibility of establishing an international compensation fund for victims of terrorist acts and their families, which might be financed through voluntary contributions garnered in part from assets seized from terrorist organizations, their members and sponsors.
Ambassador Andrey I. Denisov of
Russia- which sponsored the resolution along with the People's Republic of China, France, Germany, Romania, Spain, the United Kingdomand the United States- stressed there was a need to improve the legal and other operational instruments to combat terrorism and terrorist organizations that are expert at changing their tactics depending on the situation.
"We are convinced that the resolution further strengthens the essential coordinating role of the United Nations in the international campaign against the terrorist threat," he said.
Ambassador Emyr Jones Parry of the
United Kingdom, which holds the Council's rotating presidency in October 2004, said that the 15-member body "reaffirmed their view that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security, and that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, whenever and by whomsoever committed." Ambassador Jones Parry also said that text reaffirmed the UN's central role in the fight against terrorism as well as the Council's determination "to stand together in confronting the scourge of terrorism."
U.S. Ambassador John Danforth said root causes in no way justified terrorism. "The resolution which we have adopted states very simply that the deliberate massacre of innocents is never justifiable in any cause - never." He added that"Some claim that exploding bombs in the midst of children is in the service of God," but that such an act "is the ultimate blasphemy."
The resolution came days after terrorist attacks in
Pakistan, Egypt, and the beheading of a British hostage Kenneth Bigleyin Iraq all of which were considered the work of Al-Qaeda. It is also the culmination of anti-terrorism diplomatic efforts by Russia following the Beslan school massacre.
* [http://www.un.org/Docs/sc/unsc_resolutions04.html Resolution 1566 text]
* [http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=12168&Cr=terror&Cr1= New Security Council resolution directs aim at all terrorists] UN News Centre, October 8, 2004
* [http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=12173&Cr=terror&Cr1= Security Council condemns recent string of terrorist attacks] UN News Centre, October 8, 2004
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/3728400.stm UN backs new anti-terror measures] Susannah Price, BBC, October 8, 2004
* [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/486403.html UN Security Council adopts new anti-terror resolution] Ha'aretz, October 8, 2004
* [http://www.un.org/docs/sc/committees/1373/ UN Counter-Terrorism Committee]
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