Act of Proscription 1746


Act of Proscription 1746

On August 1, 1746 the Act of Proscription (19 Geo. 2, c. 39) came into effect in Scotland. This was part of a series of efforts to assimilate the unruly Scottish Highlands while ending their ability to revolt, and the first of the 'King's laws' which sought to crush the Clan system in the aftermath of the Jacobite Rising of 'Forty-Five. These laws were finally repealed on 1 July 1782. [ [http://www.burkes-peerage.net/articles/scotland/tdinternational.aspx Burke's Peerage and Gentry - INTERNATIONAL TARTAN DAY ] ]

The British forces under the Duke of Cumberland had been brutal in putting down any hint of Jacobite resistance among Highlanders, and the Act can be seen as Parliament asserting the supremacy of the Civil Courts over unconstitutional military coercion.

It was mainly a restatement of the earlier Disarming Act, but with more severe punishments which this time were rigorously enforced. Punishments started with fines, with jail until payment and possible forced conscription for late payment. Repeat offenders were "liable to be transported to any of his Majesty's plantations beyond the seas, there to remain for the space of seven years", effectively indentured slavery. Dr. Samuel Johnson commented that "the last law by which the Highlanders are deprived of their arms, has operated with efficacy beyond expectations... the arms were collected with such rigour, that every house was despoiled of its defence". As well as preventing future rebellion this made a rarity of what had been a frequent occurrence of a minor disagreement between two Highlanders escalating, often ending in deaths or injuries.

A new section, which became known as the Dress Act, banned wearing of "the Highland Dress". Provision was also included to protect those involved in putting down the rebellion from lawsuits. Measures to prevent children from being "educated in disaffected or rebellious principles" included a requirement for school prayers for the King and Royal family.

Claims that other portions of the Act of Proscription prohibited the playing of bagpipes, the gathering of people, and the teaching of Gaelic (the Highlander's native tongue) do not appear to be supported by the text of the Act at the link shown below.

The Act of Proscription was followed by the Heritable Jurisdictions Act which removed the feudal authority the Clan Chieftains had enjoyed. Scottish heritable sherriffdoms reverted to the Crown, and other heritable jurisdictions, including regalities, came under the power of the British courts.

References

External links

* [http://www.electricscotland.com/history/other/proscription_1747.htm Act of Proscription 1747]
* [http://www.electricscotland.com/history/highland_dress.htm Act against the Highland Dress]
* [http://www.tartans.com/articles/actshighland.html Acts against the Highland Dress]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Act of Proscription — Als Disarming Act (englisch, „Entwaffnungs Gesetz“) werden mehrere englische Gesetze bezeichnet, die im 18. Jahrhundert als Reaktion auf die Jakobiten Aufstände in Schottland erlassen wurden. Das bekannteste und folgenreichste dieser Gesetze war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Disarming Act — Als Disarming Act (englisch, „Entwaffnungs Gesetz“) werden mehrere englische Gesetze bezeichnet, die im 18. Jahrhundert als Reaktion auf die Jakobiten Aufstände in Schottland erlassen wurden. Das bekannteste und folgenreichste dieser Gesetze war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dress Act — Als Disarming Act (englisch, „Entwaffnungs Gesetz“) werden mehrere englische Gesetze bezeichnet, die im 18. Jahrhundert als Reaktion auf die Jakobiten Aufstände in Schottland erlassen wurden. Das bekannteste und folgenreichste dieser Gesetze war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dress Act 1746 — The Dress Act was part of the Act of Proscription which came into force on 1 August 1746 and made wearing the Highland Dress including tartan or a kilt illegal in Scotland as well as reiterating the Disarming Act. The Jacobite Risings between… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacobite Rising of 1745 — The Forty Five Rebellion Part of Jacobite Risings …   Wikipedia

  • Clan MacTavish — Crest badge …   Wikipedia

  • Culture de l'Écosse — Statue du poète Robert Burns à Dumfries. La culture de l Écosse forme une synthèse des différentes cultures, celtes, pictes et anglaises principalement, ayant baigné le pays. Les reliefs naturels, délimitant géographiquement les Highlands,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture ecossaise — Culture de l Écosse Statue du poète Robert Burns à Dumfries. La culture de l Écosse forme une synthèse des différentes cultures, celtes, pictes et anglaises principalement, ayant baigné le pays. Les reliefs naturels, délimitant géographiquement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture Écossaise — Culture de l Écosse Statue du poète Robert Burns à Dumfries. La culture de l Écosse forme une synthèse des différentes cultures, celtes, pictes et anglaises principalement, ayant baigné le pays. Les reliefs naturels, délimitant géographiquement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture écossaise — Culture de l Écosse Statue du poète Robert Burns à Dumfries. La culture de l Écosse forme une synthèse des différentes cultures, celtes, pictes et anglaises principalement, ayant baigné le pays. Les reliefs naturels, délimitant géographiquement… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.