Zittau


Zittau

Infobox German Location
Art = Stadt
Wappen = Wappen_von_Zittau.pngimage_photo = RathausZittau.jpg
image_caption = Zittau Town Hall
lat_deg = 50 |lat_min = 53 |lat_sec = 46
lon_deg = 14 |lon_min = 48 |lon_sec = 26
Lageplan =
Bundesland = Sachsen
Regierungsbezirk = Dresden
Landkreis = Görlitz
Höhe = 242
Fläche = 66.74
Einwohner = 29898
Stand = 2006-11-30
PLZ = 02763
PLZ-alt = 8800
Vorwahl = 03583
Kfz = ZI
Gemeindeschlüssel = 14 2 86 470
Website = [http://www.zittau.de www.zittau.de]
Bürgermeister = Arnd Voigt
Partei =

Zittau (Czech "Žitava") is a city in the south east of the Free State of Saxony, Germany, close to the border triangle between Germany, Poland, and the Czech Republic. As of 2005, there are 26,224 people in the city. It is part of the Görlitz district.

The inner city of Zittau still shows its original beauty with many houses out of several areas of German architecture. There is the famous town hall in an Italian style, the church of St. John with its medieval heritage. This multistoried building is one of the oldest of its kind in Germany.

History

Zittau was one of the six members of the Six-City League of Upper Lusatia. At that time the city got a special title - it was called "Die Reiche" ("the Rich") according to its proportion of well-to-do citizens. Primarily due to near-complete war destruction in the mid-1700s this once superior situation is only reflected in few extraordinary buildings and the rich cemeteries of the city. One of the most important trading goods of this early age in the 16th century was beer. Later in the 18th and 19th century textiles became important too, a tradition common in the region of Upper-Lusatia. During World War II, a labour camp was located in the city. It provided forced labour for Schoenmann Werke, an aircraft parts manufacturer. [Edward Victor."Alphabetical List of Camps, Subcamps and Other Camps."www.edwardvictor.com/Holocaust/List %20 of %20 camps. htm]

After the reunification in 1990 most of the big textile-enterprises that survived the time of the GDR nearly without any changes and any further investment closed down in just a few years. The city lost most of its economical strength. In addition, lignite surface mining was discontinued on the outskirts of the city in the foothills of the Zittau Mountains, while it still goes on across the border in Poland. This, however, has saved parts of the city from sure destruction, yet primarily now dormant military garrisons and schools. The city is also disadvantaged by the cheaper labour from neighbouring countries.

Main sights

Culture

There are roughly 3,500 students studying at the Zittau/Görlitz University of Applied Sciences and at the independent International Graduate School, Germany's smallest university catering to students from nearby Poland and the Czech Republic.

Transportation

Because of its missing link to good infrastructure the city still suffers, but a direct connection to the nearest motorway between Bautzen and Görlitz is planned.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zittau — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zittau — Zittau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zittau — (Chytawa), sonst die dritte unter den Sechsstädten der Oberlausitz, jetzt Hauptstadt einer Amtshauptmannschaft in der sächs. Kreish. Bautzen, am linken Ufer der Mandau, unweit ihres Einflusses in die Neiße, 244 m ü. M., hat 7 evang. Kirchen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Zittau — Zittau, 1) Bezirksgericht u. 2) Gerichtsamt im königlich sächsischen Kreisdirectionsbezirk Bautzen (Oberlausitz) mit (1861) 44,227 Einw. in einer Stadt u. 28 Dörfern; 3) Amtsstadt darin u. eine der oberlausitzer Vierstädte (s.d.), an der Mandau,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Zittau — Zittau, Amtsstadt in der sächs. Kreish. Bautzen, an der Mandau, (1900) 30.921 (1905: 34.706) E., Amtsgericht, Handels und Gewerbekammer, Hauptzollamt; Johanniskirche (1834 37, von Schickel), Petri Paul , Marienkirche u.a., Gymnasium,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Zittau — Zittau, nach Chemnitz die größte und wohlhabendste Fabrikstadt Sachsens, in der sächs. Oberlausitz, der Centralpunkt des sächs. Leinwandhandels, liegt an der Mandau, hat 8900 Ew, schöne Marktplätze und Häuser, 8 Kirchen, unter denen die… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Zittau — Zittau, sächs. Stadt im Kreisdir. Bez. Bautzen, ist mit der Dresden Breslauerbahn durch eine Zweigbahn verbunden, sehr gewerbsame Stadt mit 11000 E, Johanniskirche, dem schönsten Rathshause Sachsens; zur Stadt gehören 37 Dörfer, deren Bewohner… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Zittau — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zittau — Zịttau,   Kreisstadt (seit 1996 Große Kreisstadt) des Landkreises Löbau Zittau, Sachsen, 243 m über dem Meeresspiegel, im Südosten der Oberlausitz, in fruchtbarer Beckenlandschaft, am Fuß des Zittauer Gebirges, 28 500 Einwohner; Hochschule für… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Zittau — ▪ Germany       city, Saxony Land (state), eastern Germany. It lies on the Lausitzer Neisse River, near the frontiers of Poland and the Czech Republic, southeast of Dresden. Originating as the Slav settlement of Sitowir, it was mentioned in 1230… …   Universalium


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