Music of Assam


Music of Assam
Music of India
Genres

Classical (Carnatic · Hindustani) · Bhajan · Ghazal · Qawwali · Sufi · Folk · Filmi · Pop  · Rock (Bangla) · Hip Hop · Trance

Awards

Filmfare Awards  · Punjabi Music Awards  · Sangeet Natak Akademi Award

Festivals

Dover Lane music festival
Thyagaraja Aradhana
Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana

Media

Sruti
The Record Music Magazine

National
anthem

"Jana Gana Mana"

National
song

"Vande Mataram"

By state/territory

Andaman and Nicobar Islands · Andhra Pradesh · Arunachal Pradesh · Assam
Bihar · Chhattisgarh · Goa · Gujarat · Haryana · Himachal Pradesh · Jammu & Kashmir · Jharkhand · Karnataka · Kerala · Madhya Pradesh · Maharashtra · Manipur · Meghalaya · Mizoram · Nagaland · Orissa · Punjab (Bhangra· Rajasthan · Sikkim · Tamil Nadu · Tripura · Uttar Pradesh · Uttaranchal · West Bengal (Bengali)

The music of Assam, a state in the northeastern part of India, can be divided into various categories of folk music. In recent times starting the late eighties popular artistes have modernized the music that caters to local popular demand.

A basic characteristic of the ethnic music of Assam is its descending scale which distinguishes it from the raga-based or folk music from the rest of India. This style is shared by ethnic music of the hill people surrounding the state of Assam, and by the music of Thailand, Myanmar and China. Furthermore, the tunes are structured in a pyramid, in contrast to the music of rest of India which is meend based. Assam is a state with valleys and hills, and the home of many ethnic tribes. Just as the geography and varied people co-exist, the pulsating Bihu songs co-exist with languorous music of other forms.

Music has been imperative in the Assamese subsistence. There is no precise attestation to substantiate the dawning of Assamese music, however, it could be stated that Assam has been musically affluent since the naissance of the mighty Brahmaputra.

Historians claim that a distinctive culture of the conglomeration of Songs, Musical Instruments and Dance was observed in Assam during the 2nd century. The legend of Princess Usha of Sonitpur and her cohort Chitralekha also enlighten us on the Musical expertise of the Assamese women. History also claims that Assamese Music was admired even in China.

During the Vedic era Assam was introduced with Ragas and Dhrupad Shailee of the Indian Classical music. The connoisseurs however have divided the classical Assamese music into two parts – Borgeet and Ojapali. The composers of Borgeet Mahapurush Srimanta Shankardev and his disciple Madhabdev gave a new definition to the Assamese music.

Contents

Some categories

Regional folk music

  • Kamrupiya Lokageet
  • Goalpariya Lokageet
  • Ojapali
  • Tokari geet
  • Deh Bisaror Geet
  • Baramahi geet
  • Malita (ballad)

Ethnic folk music

  • Jhumur
  • Bharigaan [1]

Bihu songs

  • Bihugeet
  • Husori [2]

Allied styles

  • Borgeet
  • Biyanaam
  • Nisukoni geet
  • Gorokhiya Naam
  • bongeet

Bhakti music

Modern music

  • Contemporary music

Musical instruments

  • Dhol
  • Gogona
  • Pepa
  • Taal
  • Toka
  • Xutuli
  • Khol
  • Mridanga
  • Madol
  • Dotara
  • Dogor
  • Baanhi (Flute)
  • Nagera
  • Ektara
  • Bhortala
  • Doba
  • Bah jantra (Bamboo sound)
  • Zuri tala

Exponents of Assamese music


Some other prominent composers, musicians, technicians and playback, AIR singers

  • Anima Choudhury
    • Apurba Kumar Das
  • Apurba Bezbaruah
  • Arun Das
  • Ashim Hazarika
  • Bhupen Uzir
  • Birina Pathak
  • Bijoy Bhuyan
  • Prashun Ghosh
  • Dhanada Pathak
  • Dipalee Borthakur
  • Dolly Ghosh
  • J. P. Das
  • Jayanta Das
  • Jitul Sonowal
  • Keshab Mahanta
  • Late Nupur Bordoloi
  • Loknath Goswami
  • Mahendra Hazarika
  • Malobika Bora
  • Manisha Hazarika
  • Mayukh Hazarika
  • Mousumi Sohoria
  • Namita Bhattarcharjya
  • Nanda Banerjee
  • Nilima Khatun
  • Pulak Banerjee
  • Queen Das
  • Queen Hazarika
  • Rameshwar Pathak
  • Ridip Dutta
  • Saswati Phukan
  • Sandhya Menon
  • Shanta Uzir
  • Surja Das
  • Tarali Sharma
  • Saru Guhain
  • Zubeen Garg
  • Alaap Dudul

References

External links


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