Saint Vincent (island)

Saint Vincent (island)

:"You may be looking for St. Vincent Island, Florida

Infobox Islands
name = Saint Vincent

image caption = Villa, St. Vincent, 1890s
image size =

map_custom = yes
native name =
native name link =
nickname =
location = Caribbean Sea
coordinates = coord|13|15|N|61|12|W|display=inline
archipelago = Windward Islands
total islands =
major islands =
area = convert|345|km2|sqmi|abbr=on
length = convert|18|mi|km|abbr=on
width = convert|11|mi|km|abbr=on
highest mount = La Soufrière
elevation = convert|4048|ft|m|abbr=on
country = Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
country admin divisions title =
country admin divisions =
country admin divisions title 1 =
country admin divisions 1 =
country admin divisions title 2 =
country admin divisions 2 =
country largest city = Kingstown
country largest city population = 19300
population = 120,000
population as of =
density = 347.83
ethnic groups = Black 56%, East Indians 21%, Carib Amerindian 3%, Mixed Race 10%, Other 10%
additional info =

Saint Vincent is a volcanic island in the Caribbean, the largest island of the chain called Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. It is located in the Caribbean Sea, between Saint Lucia and Grenada. It is composed of partially submerged volcanic mountains. La Soufrière is still an active volcano . [cite book| first=Jan|last=Rogozinski | year= 1999| title= A Brief History of the Caribbean| edition= Revised| publisher=Facts on File, Inc.| location=New York| pages= pp 358–359| id= ISBN 0-8160-3811-2 ]

The territory was disputed between France and the United Kingdom in the 18th century, before being ceded to the British in 1783. It gained independence on October 27, 1979. Approximately 120,000 people live on the island. Kingstown (population 19,300) is the chief town. The rest of the population resides in the other five main towns of Layou, Barrouallie, Chateaubelair, Georgetown, and Calliaqua.


The people of St. Vincent and the Grenadines are called Vincentians. Most Vincentians are the descendants of African slaves (66%) brought to work on the plantations. There also are a few white descendants of English & French colonists, as well as some East Indians (6%), Carib Indians (2%), and a sizable minority of mixed race (19%). The population of the island 2005 was 119,100 and the annual growth rate is 0.5%. The main religions are Anglican (47%), Methodist (28%), Roman Catholic (13%), other Protestant denominations, Seventh-day Adventist, and Hindu. Adult literacy was at 88.1% in 2004. Infant mortality 14 per 1,000 live births. Life expectancy for men stands at 72 years, with 75.8 years for women. The active workforce is 55,531, and unemployment is at 12%. [cite web |url=
title= Government of Saint Vincent |accessdate=2008-29-01

Geography of the island

Saint Vincent island is 18 miles long and 11 miles wide and is located 100 miles west of Barbados. It is dominated by the 4,048-foot-high, active volcano, called La Soufriere, which erupted violently in 1812 and 1902. The most recent eruption was on "Black Friday" [which was actually the Christian 'Good Friday' for that year] , April 13, 1979. The island is mountainous and well-forested. Saint Vincent island belongs to the Lesser Antilles chain. Its territory has a total surface of 345 km², and the coasts measure about 84 km. The island is tropical humid, with an average of between 18 and 31 °C depending on the altitude.

Mainland St Vincent is one of the few places on Earth that can boast about having black-sand beaches and white-sand in the same countryFact|date=August 2008. There are places where there is just a rock that borders the black-sand beach from the white-sand beach. The black sand, which was formed by the action of the volcano, is said to be able to provide one of the minerals that is needed by the human body. The majority of the beaches on the mainland have black sand (more than 95%), while all of the beaches in the Grenadines have white sand.

For many years the black sand was used in the building industry. During recent times, because of the destruction to the coastal areas, the government has restricted the amount of sand that can be removed from the beaches, and the beaches from which sand could be removed. This sand is still used in the construction of pitched roads, as it blends in nicely with the colour of the asphalt used for road constructionFact|date=August 2008.

Government and politics

The capital of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is Kingstown. St. Vincent's government is a parliamentary independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth of Nations. The executive branch of government is divided in: the executive-governor general (representing Queen Elizabeth II, head of state), the prime minister (head of government) and the cabinet. The current prime minister is Dr Ralph E Gonsalves. The legislative branch of government is a divided 15-member elected House of Assembly and six-member appointed Senate. The judicial branch of government is divided into district courts, the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (High Court and Court of Appeals), with final appeal to the Privy Council in London. The parliamentary term of office is five years, although the prime minister may call elections at any time. The most important political parties are " The New Democratic Party (NDP)",and " The Unity Labor Party (ULP)".


[cite web |url=
title= Government of Saint Vincent |accessdate=2008-29-01

ee also

*1898 Windward Islands Hurricane

External links

* [ US Department of State Profile]
* [ St. Vincent and the Grenadines / San Vicente y Las Granadinas Constitution of 1979]
* [ Map]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saint Vincent And The Grenadines — Introduction Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Background: Disputed between France and the United Kingdom in the 18th century, Saint Vincent was ceded to the latter in 1783. Autonomy was granted in 1969, and independence in 1979. Geography Saint… …   Universalium

  • Saint Vincent — may refer to:Places*São Vicente, a municipalty in Madeira *Saint Vincent and the Grenadines *Saint Vincent (island), the main island of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines *Saint Vincent de Paul, Quebec, a borough in Laval, Quebec, Canada *São… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines —     Kurzinformation:   Fläche: 389 km2   Einwohner: (2000) 115 000   Hauptstadt: Kingstown   Amtssprache: Englisch   Nationalfeiertag: 27. 10 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Saint Vincent — ▪ island, West Indies       island of the Windward (Windward Islands) group in the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea, about 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Saint Lucia and about 100 miles (160 km) west of Barbados. The island has an area …   Universalium

  • Saint Vincent und die Grenadinen — Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St. Vincent und die Grenadinen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint Vincent Land so Beautiful — National anthem of  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Lyrics Phyllis Joyce McClean Punnett, 1967 Music Joel Bertram Miguel, 1967 …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Vincent Blacksnake — Conservation status Critically Endangered (IUCN 2.3) Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Patrick Parish, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines — Saint Patrick is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The parish consists of the middle portion of the leeward side of the main island. Its capital is Barrouallie …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines — Infobox Country conventional long name = Saint Vincent and the Grenadines common name = Saint Vincent and the Grenadines national motto = Pax et justitia spaces|2(Latin) Peace and justice national anthem = St Vincent Land So Beautiful official… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Saint Vincent and the Grenadines <p></p> Background: <p></p> Resistance by native Caribs prevented colonization on Saint Vincent until 1719. Disputed between France… …   The World Factbook

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.