White-bellied Nothura


White-bellied Nothura
White-bellied Nothura
Illustration by Joseph Smit, 1895
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Nothurinae
Genus: Nothura
Species: N. boraquira
Binomial name
Nothura boraquira
(Spix, 1825)[2]
Synonyms
  • Nothura marmorata

The White-bellied Nothura, Nothura boraquira, is a species of tinamou found in dry shrublands in northeastern Bolivia, western Paraguay, and northeastern Brazil.[3]

Contents

Taxonomy

The White-bellied Nothura is a monotypic species.[3] All tinamous are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also ratites. Unlike other ratites, tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[4]

Description

The White-bellied Nothura is approximately 27 cm (11 in) in length. Its upper parts are light brown and barred black with white streaks. Its throat is white, its foreneck is buff with black streaking, its breast is buff and its belly is white. Its crown is dark brown and the sides of its head are buff. The legs are bright yellow and the inner webs of its primaries are uniformly dark, unlike in the closely related Spotted Nothura.

Behavior

Like other tinamous, the White-bellied Nothura eats fruit off the ground or low-lying bushes. They also eat small amounts of invertebrates, flower buds, tender leaves, seeds, and roots. The male incubates the eggs which may come from as many as 4 different females, and then will raise them until they are ready to be on their own, usually 2–3 weeks. The nest is located on the ground in dense brush or between raised root buttresses.[4]

Range and habitat

The White-bellied Nothura prefers dry shrubland regions up to 500 m (1,600 ft) in altitude.[5] It can also be found in dry grassland, savanna, caatinga, and occasionally pastures.[1] This species is native to northeastern and central Brazil, eastern Bolivia and Paraguay.[3]

Conservation

The IUCN classifies this species as Least Concern,[1] with an occurrence range of 1,400,000 km2 (540,000 sq mi).[5]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2008)
  2. ^ Brand, S. (2008)
  3. ^ a b c Clements, J. (2007)
  4. ^ a b Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
  5. ^ a b BirdLife International (2008)(a)

References

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • white-bellied nothura — baltapilvė notura statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Nothura boraquira angl. white bellied nothura vok. Weißbauch Steißhuhn, n rus. белобрюхий нотура, m pranc. tinamou boraquira, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – noturos …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • white-bellied nothura — noun A tinamou, Nothura boraquira …   Wiktionary

  • Nothura — Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves …   Wikipedia

  • Nothura boraquira — baltapilvė notura statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Nothura boraquira angl. white bellied nothura vok. Weißbauch Steißhuhn, n rus. белобрюхий нотура, m pranc. tinamou boraquira, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – noturos …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Spotted Nothura — Conservation status Least Co …   Wikipedia

  • Darwin's Nothura — Illustration by Joseph Smit, 1895 Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Lesser Nothura — Conservation status Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1) …   Wikipedia

  • Chaco Nothura — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Paraguay — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Paraguay. The avifauna of Paraguay includes a total of 700 species, of which 1 is endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 12 are rare or accidental. 27 species are globally threatened.This… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Brazil — Brazil has one of the richest bird diversities in the world, with more than 1700 species of birds, about 57% of the bird species recorded for all of South America. These numbers are still increasing, almost every year, due to new occurrences or… …   Wikipedia