Aircraft Maintenance Technician


Aircraft Maintenance Technician

Aircraft Maintenance Technician, as used in the United States, refers to an individual who holds a Mechanic certificate issued by the Federal Aviation Administration; the rules for certification, and for certificate-holders, are detailed in Subpart D of Part 65 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR's), which are part of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations.cite web | url=http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=9064767d66df7ef8f2ceb726fafde02d&rgn=div6&view=text&node=14:2.0.1.1.4.4&idno=14 | title=Subpart D—Mechanics | author=Federal Aviation Administration | work=Part 65—Certification: Airmen Other Than Flight Crewmembers | accessdate=2008-03-04 ] Aircraft Maintenance Technicians (AMT's) inspect and perform or supervise maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration of aircraft and aircraft systems.Official AMT website [http://www.The-AMT.com www.The-AMT.com]

The Canadian equivalent of an AMT is an Aircraft Maintenance Engineer.

Certification

The general requirements for eligibility for a mechanic certificate include the following:
*Be 18 or older;
*Be able to read, speak, and understand English;
*Meet the experience or educational requirement; and
*Pass a set of required tests within a maximum of 24 months.cite web | url=http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=9064767d66df7ef8f2ceb726fafde02d&rgn=div8&view=text&node=14:2.0.1.1.4.4.1.1&idno=14 | title=65.71 Eligibility requirements: General | author=Federal Aviation Administration | work=Part 65—Certification: Airmen Other Than Flight Crewmembers | accessdate=2008-03-04 ]

The required tests include, first, a set of knowledge tests; these are followed by a practical test, which includes an oral examination component, and which is administered by a Designated Mechanic Examiner (DME).

A person who fulfills the necessary requirements is issued a Mechanic certificate with either an Airframe or Powerplant rating, or both.cite web | url=http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=9064767d66df7ef8f2ceb726fafde02d&rgn=div8&view=text&node=14:2.0.1.1.4.4.1.2&idno=14 | title=65.73 Ratings | author=Federal Aviation Administration | work=Part 65—Certification: Airmen Other Than Flight Crewmembers | accessdate=2008-03-04 ] It is these ratings which together account for the common practice of referring to mechanics as "A&P's." Until 1952, instead of the Powerplant rating, an Engine rating was issued, so the abbreviation "A&E" may appear in older documents.

Eligibility for the mechanic tests depends on the applicant's ability to document her or his knowledge of required subject matter and ability to perform maintenance tasks.cite web | url=http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=9064767d66df7ef8f2ceb726fafde02d&rgn=div8&view=text&node=14:2.0.1.1.4.4.1.3&idno=14 | title=65.75 Knowledge requirements | author=Federal Aviation Administration | work=Part 65—Certification: Airmen Other Than Flight Crewmembers | accessdate=2008-03-04 ] cite web | url=http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=9064767d66df7ef8f2ceb726fafde02d&rgn=div8&view=text&node=14:2.0.1.1.4.4.1.5&idno=14 | title=65.79 Skill requirements | author=Federal Aviation Administration | work=Part 65—Certification: Airmen Other Than Flight Crewmembers | accessdate=2008-03-04 ] The FAA recognizes two ways of demonstrating the needed knowledge and skills: Practical experience or completion of a training program at a school certificated under Part 147 of the FAR's.cite web | url=http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=9064767d66df7ef8f2ceb726fafde02d&rgn=div8&view=text&node=14:2.0.1.1.4.4.1.4&idno=14 | title=65.77 Experience requirements | author=Federal Aviation Administration | work=Part 65—Certification: Airmen Other Than Flight Crewmembers | accessdate=2008-03-04 ]

Industry Certifications

The Professional Aviation Maintenance Association and SAE Institute provide a number of certifications for aircraft mechanics.

[http://www.pama.org/content.asp?contentid=349 Aviation Maintenance Specialist (AMS)] - This certification enables non-FAA certificated technicians and interested non-maintenance aviation personnel to show proficiency in a critical body of knowledge regarding aviation maintenance.

[http://www.pama.org/content.asp?contentid=349 Aviation Maintenance Engineer (AME)] - This certification validates core knowledge for FAA certificated Airframe and Powerplant Mechanics.

Applications based on experience

Applicants for a Mechanic certificate with a single rating—either Airframe or Powerplant—and who base their application on practical experience must demonstrate 18 months of work experience applicable to the chosen rating. Those applying for both ratings must show a total of 30 months of applicable experience. Most military-trained aircraft mechanics are eligible to use their work experience as the basis for an application for a civilian Mechanic certificate.cite web | url=https://augateway.maxwell.af.mil/ccaf/certifications/a_and_p/ | title=Air Force Airframe and Power Plant (A & P) Certification Program | work=Community College of the Air Force | accessdate=2008-03-04 ]

Applications based on education

Applicants who attend an Aviation Maintenance School program certificated under Part 147 study an FAA-approved and supervised curriculum. Those applying for a Mechanic certificate with a single rating—either Airframe or Powerplant—study a "general" set of subjects for at least 400 hours, as well as at least 750 hours of material appropriate to the chosen rating, for a total of 1,150 hours. Those who pursue both ratings study the "general" material, as well as the 750 hours for each rating, for a total of at least 1,900 hours.cite web | url=http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=02faf0ccbd4b5b6273776a3dfca2f79b&rgn=div8&view=text&node=14:3.0.1.1.6.2.1.6&idno=14 | title=147.21 General curriculum requirements | author=Federal Aviation Administration | work=Part 147—Aviation Maintenance Technician Schools | accessdate=2008-03-04 ] Completion of such a program of study typically requires between 18 and 24 months.

Required areas of study in the "general" curriculum include electricity, technical drawings, weight and balance, hydraulics and pneumatics, ground operation of aircraft, cleaning and corrosion control, basic mathematical calculations, forms and record-keeping, basic physics, maintenance manuals and publications, and applicable federal regulations.cite web | url=http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=02faf0ccbd4b5b6273776a3dfca2f79b&rgn=div9&view=text&node=14:3.0.1.1.6.3.1.12.16&idno=14 | title=Appendix B to Part 147—General curriculum subjects | author=Federal Aviation Administration | work=Part 147—Aviation Maintenance Technician Schools | accessdate=2008-03-04 ]

Required areas of study in the airframe curriculum include inspection, structures—wood, sheet metal, composite—and fasteners, covering, finishes, welding, assembly and rigging, hydraulics, pneumatics, cabin atmosphere control systems, instrument systems, communication and navigation systems, fuel systems, electrical systems, position and warning systems, ice and rain control systems, and fire protection systems.cite web | url=http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=02faf0ccbd4b5b6273776a3dfca2f79b&rgn=div9&view=text&node=14:3.0.1.1.6.3.1.12.17&idno=14 | title=Appendix C to Part 147—Airframe curriculum subjects | author=Federal Aviation Administration | work=Part 147—Aviation Maintenance Technician Schools | accessdate=2008-03-04 ]

Required areas of study in the powerplant curriculum include inspection, reciprocating and turbine engine theory and repair, instrument systems, fire protection systems, electrical systems, lubrication systems, ignition and starting systems, fuel metering systems, fuel systems, induction and airflow systems, cooling systems, exhaust and reverser systems, propellers, unducted fans, and auxiliary power units.cite web | url=http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=02faf0ccbd4b5b6273776a3dfca2f79b&rgn=div9&view=text&node=14:3.0.1.1.6.3.1.12.18&idno=14 | title=Appendix D to Part 147—Powerplant curriculum subjects | author=Federal Aviation Administration | work=Part 147—Aviation Maintenance Technician Schools | accessdate=2008-03-04 ]

Thorough knowledge of FAA rules and regulations (especially with regard to accepted repair/modification procedures) is also expected of A&P mechanics.

Inspection Authorization

Some AMTs, after at least three years of working in their field, choose to acquire an Inspection Authorization. These individuals are allowed to perform annual inspections on aircraft and sign off for return to service on major repairs and alterations on the required block of the FAA form 337. Certification and limitations, including renewal requirements, of mechanics with Inspection Authorization is contained in 14 CFR Part 65.

The requirements for obtaining an Inspection Authorization is that the AMT must be licensed for a minimum of three years and actively exercising the rights of an A&P for the two years prior to the date that the IA examination is to be taken.

Renewal of the IA certificate must be done every two years (on odd years) by submitting to the FAA a form showing a minimum of activity in which the IA exercised his or her authority. This activity comprises either annual inspections, major repairs, major alterations, or a minimum of 8 hours of FAA approved training. This activity must be accomplished every 12 months even though the renewal period is every 24 months.

European authorities

Aircraft Maintenance Technicians in Europe must comply with [http://www.easa.eu.int/home/index.html AMC Part 66, Certifying Staff] , issued by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA).

AMC Part 66 is based on Joint Aviation Regulations (JAR) promulgated by the Joint Aviation Authorities and on Air Transport Association (ATA) Specification 104. There are four levels of authorization:
*Level 1: General Familiarisation, Unlicensed
*Level 2: Ramp and Transit, Category A
*Level 3: Line and Base Maintenance, Category B1 (Mechanical) and/or B2(Avionics)
*Level 4: Release to Service, Category C

Aircraft Maintenance Organizations

There are several organizations that have been formed to support the profession of Aircraft Maintenance, including the [http://www.pama.org Professional Aviation Maintenance Association (PAMA)] and the [http://www.ncatt.org/ National Center for Aircraft Technician Training (NCATT)] .

References

ee also

*Aircraft maintenance
*Charles Taylor Master Mechanic Award

External links

* [http://www.faa.gov/education_research/testing/airmen/test_questions/media/FAA-CT-8080-4E.pdf Computer Testing Supplement for Aviation Mechanic General, Powerplant, and Airframe; and Parachute Rigger] FAA 2005 [http://www.The-AMT.com Official AMT website]


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