Military operations in Scandinavia and Iceland during World War II


Military operations in Scandinavia and Iceland during World War II

The following is a list of military operations conducted in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Greenland during World War II.

Contents

Axis

  • Birke ("Birch") (1944) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German plan to withdraw from northern Finland prior to the Lapland War
  • Birkhahn (1945) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German evacuation from Norway.[1]
  • Büffel ("Buffalo") (1940) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German operation to relieve troops in Narvik, Norway.
  • Holzauge ("Wood knot") (1942) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — activities in Greenland
  • Ikarus (1940) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — planned German invasion of Iceland in response to British Operation Fork
  • Juno (1940) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German naval operation to disturb allied supplies to Norway.
  • Lachsfang (1942) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg Flag of Finland.svg — Proposed combined German and Finnish attack against Kandalaksha and Belomorsk.
  • Nordlicht [2] ("Aurora Borealis") (1944) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German withdrawal from the Kola Peninsula into Norway
  • Renntier ("Reindeer") (1941) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German occupation of Finnish Petsamo
  • Silberfuchs ("Silver Fox") (1941) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German operations in the Arctic, including:
    • Blaufuchs 1 ("Blue Fox 1") (1941) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — Staging of German forces from Germany to northern Finland.
    • Blaufuchs 2 ("Blue Fox 2") (1941) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — Staging of German forces from Norway to northern Finland.
    • Platinfuchs ("Platinum Fox") (1941) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German attack towards Murmansk from Finnish Petsamo
    • Polarfuchs ("Polar Fox") (1941) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German attack towards Kandalaksha from Finnish Lapland
    • Renntier ("Reindeer") (1941) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German occupation of Petsamo.
  • Sizilien (1943) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German raid upon allied occupied Spitsbergen (Svalbard)
  • Tanne Ost (1944) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — failed German attempt to capture Suursaari from Finland
  • Tanne West (1944) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — planned German attempt to capture the Åland Islands from Finland
  • Weserübung ("Weser Exercise") (1940) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German invasion of Denmark and Norway
  • Zitronella ("Lemon flavour") (1943) Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg — German raid against a Norwegian/British station on Svalbard.

Allies

Other

  • Rädda Danmark ("Save Denmark") (1945) Flag of Sweden.svg — Swedish plan to liberate Denmark before the country was occupied by the Soviet Union (cancelled because of German surrender)
    • Rädda Själland (1945) Flag of Sweden.svg — Swedish landings on Zealand
    • Rädda Bornholm (1945) Flag of Sweden.svg — Swedish landings on Bornholm

See also

List of World War II military operations

References

  1. ^ pp.138-139, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 [1]

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