Mediterranean Games


Mediterranean Games
Mediterranean Games
Alexandria Mediterranean Games 1951 logo.jpg
Alexandria Mediterranean Games 1951
Mediterranean games logo.gif
Flag of the games
First event 1951, in Alexandria, Egypt
Occur every four years
Last event 2009, Pescara, Italy
Purpose Sports for the Mediterranean
President Mr. Amar Addadi (ALG)
Website International Mediterranean Games Committee

The Mediterranean Games are a multi-sport games held every four years, mainly for nations bordering the Mediterranean Sea, where Europe, Africa and Asia meet. The idea was proposed at the 1948 Summer Olympics by Muhammed Taher Pasha, chairman of the Egyptian Olympic Committee, and they were first held in 1951. The first 10 games took place always one year preceding the Olympics. However, from 1993 on, they were held the year following the Olympic games. The Games were inaugurated on October 1951, in Alexandria, Egypt, in honour of Muhammed Taher Pasha, the man to whom their inspiration is owed, with contests being held in 13 sports along with the participation of 734 athletes from 10 countries. Ever since, they take place every 4 years without any interruption. In 1955, in Barcelona, during the II Games, the set up was decided of a Supervisory and Controlling Body for the Games, a kind of Executive Committee. The decisions were finally materialized on June 16, 1961, and the said Body was named, upon a Greek notion, ICMG (International Committee for the Mediterranean Games).

Contents

Description

The Mediterranean Games present an opportunity for peaceful athletic competition between youth from different continents, cultures and religions — all bound together via a common Olympic Ideal, which has sprung from the ancient Mediterranean country of Greece, the cradle of contemporary western civilization. A chance is thus given, through these games, for young people to get to know each other, appreciate each other, reaffirm or strengthen their ties in a climate of genial rivalry.

The Mediterranean Games, in terms of the preparation and composition of the National Delegation, are held under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee and the Hellenic Olympic Committee (HOC). However, their establishment too must be credited to the HOC, for it held a leading part in their being founded despite all difficulties.

Athens is the permanent seat of the ICMG (irrespective of who the President might be) and the Committee’s General Secretary is Greek. This comes as a further tribute to Greece, highlighting its leading role with regard to the function and strengthening of the institution.

The logo of the games, also referred to as the "Mediterranean Olympics", is composed of three white rings symbolically representing Africa, Asia, and Europe — the three continents that border the Mediterranean Sea. This logo has been used since the Split games in 1979, for which it was devised and afterwards accepted for the whole Games. During the closing ceremony, the flag of the games is transferred to the country of the city chosen for the organisation of the next Mediterranean Games.

Participating countries

Participating countries

At present, 23 countries participate in the games:[1]

National Olympic Committees within the Olympic Movement bordering the Mediterranean Sea which are not permitted to participate are Israel and Palestine.

Allen Guttman in The Games Must Go On argued that Israel's exclusion is both antisemitic and politically motivated due to antagonism towards Israel by the participating Arab nations. The IOC's Avery Brundage was not supportive of Israel's desire to compete, saying: "I cannot understand why anyone wants to go where he is not wanted". The International Amateur Athletics Federation pushed the issue at the 1959 Mediterranean Games in Beirut by refusing to grant permission to hold an athletics competition unless Israel were allowed to compete. Lebanese games organiser Gabriel Gemayel conceded to this, but side-stepped the ruling by holding a parallel Lebanese Games comprising athletics events between the present nations alongside the official Mediterranean Games competitions.[2]

There are countries not bordering the Mediterranean Sea which nonetheless participate: Andorra, San Marino and Serbia.

The Hellenic Olympic Committee has suggested that nine more countries that do not satisfy geographic criteria to be allowed to participate, such as Bulgaria, Macedonia, Portugal and some Arab countries.[citation needed]

Flag

The symbol of the Mediterranean Games consists of three rings representing Asia, Africa and Europe, the three continents involved in this competition.[3] The rings dissolve in a wavy line in their lower part, as if they were immersed in the Mediterranean Sea. During the closing ceremony, the flag is transferred to the country of the city chosen to host the next Mediterranean Games.[3]

Host cities

Cities that have hosted the Games

No inland city has ever hosted the games. All but one of the host cities to date have been situated on the Mediterranean coast. (Casablanca is located on the Atlantic coast.) Recently, Dubrovnik (Croatia), Mostar (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Kotor (Montenegro) signed an official Declaration for joint candidacy for hosting 2021 Mediterranean Games.

Below together the official numbers in sequence

No Year Host Participating
Countries
Sports Competitions Athletes Total
City Country Male Female
I 1951 Alexandria Egypt Egypt 10 14 91 734 --- 734
II 1955 Barcelona Spain Spain 10 20 102 1.135 --- 1.135
III 1959 Beirut  Lebanon 11 17 106 792 --- 792
IV 1963 Naples  Italy 13 17 93 1.057 --- 1.057
V 1967 Tunis  Tunisia 12 14 93 1.211 38 1.249
VI 1971 İzmir  Turkey 14 18 137 1.235 127 1.362
VII 1975 Algiers  Algeria 15 19 160 2.095 349 2.444
VIII 1979 Split  Yugoslavia (now Croatia) 14 26 192 2.009 399 2.408
IX 1983 Casablanca  Morocco 16 20 162 1.845 335 2.180
X 1987 Latakia  Syria 18 19 162 1.845 335 2.180
XI 1991 Athens  Greece 18 24 217 2.176 586 2.762
XII 1993 Languedoc-Roussillon  France 20 24 217 1.994 604 2.598
XIII 1997 Bari  Italy 21 27 234 2.999 804 3.803
XIV 2001 Tunis  Tunisia 23[4] 23 230 2.002 1.039 3.041
XV 2005 Almería  Spain 21 27 258 2,134 1,080 3,214
XVI 2009 Pescara  Italy 23 28
XVII 2013 Mersin  Turkey
XVIII 2017 Tarragona  Spain

List of sports

There are Athletics, Field Athletics, Aquatics, Gymnastics, Table Tennis, Fencing, Archery, Bowling, Shooting, Cycling

All-time medal table 1951-2009

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Italy 750 634 583 1967[5]
2  France 579 524 447 1550[5]
3  Spain 274 381 471 1126[5]
4  Turkey 263 171 203 637[5]
5  Yugoslavia 199 177 182 558[5]
6  Greece 165 215 291 671[5]
7  Egypt 103 161 191 455[5]
8  Tunisia 70 61 112 243[5]
9  Algeria 55 53 93 201[5]
10  Morocco 52 64 83 199[5]
11  Croatia 30 51 57 138[5]
12  Slovenia 27 28 46 101[5]
13  Syria 26 35 73 134[5]
14  United Arab Republic 23 21 30 74[5]
15  Serbia* 17 22 27 66[5]
16  Lebanon 13 22 42 77[5]
17  Cyprus 8 12 9 29[5]
18  Albania 5 14 12 31[5]
19  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 5 12 20[5]
20  Libya 2 1 12 15[5]
22  Montenegro 2 2 3 7[5]
21  San Marino 1 7 2 10[5]
23  Malta 0 2 3 5[5]
24  Monaco 0 1 1 2[5]
Total 2421 2422 2697 7540

Competitions

30 sports were presented in the Mediterranean Games history.

Sport Years
Archery since 1971
Athletics since 1951
Basketball since 1951
Beach volleyball since 2005
Boxing since 1951
Bowling since 1997
Canoeing since 1979
Cycling since 1955
Diving since 1951
Equestrian since 1993
Sport Years
Fencing since 1951
Football since 1951
Golf since 1983
Gymnastics since 1951
Handball since 1967
Hockey since 1955
Judo since 1971
Karate since 1993
Riding since 1955
Rugby since 1955
Sport Years
Rowing since 1951
Sailing since 1955
Shooting since 1951
Swimming since 1951
Table tennis since 1971
Tennis since 1967
Volleyball since 1959
Water polo since 1951
Weightlifting since 1951
Wrestling since 1951

References

  1. ^ www.pescara2009.it: Participating countries
  2. ^ The games must go on: Avery Brundage and the Olympic movement, Allen Guttmann, page 225.
  3. ^ a b "Mediterranean Games History". Mediterranean Games Site. 2008. http://www.medgames.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=18&Itemid=26. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  4. ^ http://www.cijm.org.gr/images/stories/pdf/JM2001.pdf
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x http://www.cijm.org.gr/en/mediteranean-games/medal-table-per-country

External links


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