Hock (wine)


Hock (wine)

Hock is an English term for German wine, sometimes wine from the Rhine regions and sometimes all German wine. [http://www.winepros.com.au/jsp/cda/reference/oxford_entry.jsp?entry_id=1529 Oxford Companion to Wine: Hock] ] It is short for the now obsolete word hockamore. The term is a corruption of the name of the German town of Hochheim on the Main river in the Rheingau wine region. The term seems to have been in use in the 17th century, initially for wines from middle Rhine, but in the 18th century became used as a term for any German wine sold in Britain. It seems probable that Queen Victoria's visit to Hochheim and its vineyards during harvest time in 1850 has contributed to the continued use of the term hock.

Today the term "Hock" is occasionally seen on bottles of (mostly cheap) wine in the United Kingdom, in a similar way to claret. In Australia, it is still known as the main ingredient of an old-fashioned but cooling summer drink named 'hock, lime and lemon'.

Sir Winston Churchill was noted to enjoy Hock at breakfast on occasion.

References


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  • Hock — The word hock may mean:wiktionary* Hock (wine), a type of wine * Hock (zoology), part of an animal s leg * Ham hock, the end of a smoked ham * To leave an item with a pawnbroker * Hans Henrich Hock, German historical linguist * Hock tide, an… …   Wikipedia

  • hock — Ⅰ. hock [1] ► NOUN 1) the joint in the hind leg of a four legged animal, between the knee and the fetlock. 2) a knuckle of pork or ham. ORIGIN variant of an Old English word meaning «heel». Ⅱ. hock [2] ► …   English terms dictionary

  • Wine from the United Kingdom — Wine which is grown and produced in the United Kingdom is generally classified as either English wine or Welsh wine (depending on country of origin), (but should never be referred to as British wine as that term is generally linked with an… …   Wikipedia

  • hock — hock1 [häk] n. [S Brit var. of Scot hough < ME hoh, heel < OE < Gmc * hanha, HEEL1, with loss of nasal as in SOFT, TOOTH] 1. the joint bending backward in the hind leg of a horse, ox, etc., corresponding to the human ankle: see HORSE 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Hock — Hock, n. [So called from Hochheim, in Germany.] A Rhenish wine, of a light yellow color, either sparkling or still. The name is also given indiscriminately to all Rhenish wines …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hock — {{11}}hock (n.1) joint in the hind leg of a horse, mid 15c., earlier hockshin (late 14c.), from O.E. hohsinu sinew of the heel, Achilles tendon, lit. heel sinew, from hoh heel, from P.Gmc. *hanhaz (Cf. Ger. Hachse hock, O.E. hæla heel ), from PIE …   Etymology dictionary

  • hock — I. /hɒk / (say hok) noun 1. the joint in the hind leg of the horse, etc., above the fetlock joint, corresponding to the ankle in humans but raised from the ground and protruding backwards when bent. 2. a corresponding joint in a fowl. 3. a cut of …   Australian English dictionary

  • hock — [[t]hɒ̱k[/t]] hocks 1) N MASS Hock is a type of dry white wine from Germany. [mainly BRIT] ...a glass of hock. 2) N COUNT The hock of an animal, especially a horse, is the joint in its back leg that points backwards. 3) N COUNT: usu n N A hock is …   English dictionary

  • hock — hock1 [hɔk US ha:k] n [Sense: 1; Date: 1600 1700; : German; Origin: Hochheimer of Hochheim , from the name of the place in Germany where it was originally made.] [Sense: 2; Date: 1800 1900; : Dutch; Origin: hok prison ] [Sense: 3 4; Origin: Old… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • hock — I UK [hɒk] / US [hɑk] noun Word forms hock : singular hock plural hocks 1) [uncountable] a type of white wine from Germany 2) a) [countable] the part in the middle of an animal s back leg b) [countable/uncountable] the part above a pig s back… …   English dictionary