Oak Bay, British Columbia


Oak Bay, British Columbia
Oak Bay
—  Municipality  —

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The OB
Location of Oak Bay in British Columbia
Coordinates: 48°25′35″N 123°19′22″W / 48.42639°N 123.32278°W / 48.42639; -123.32278Coordinates: 48°25′35″N 123°19′22″W / 48.42639°N 123.32278°W / 48.42639; -123.32278
Country  Canada
Province  British Columbia
Regional District Capital
Incorporated 1906
Government
 - Mayor Christopher Causton
 - Governing Body Oak Bay Municipal Council
 - MP Denise Savoie (NDP)
 - MLA Ida Chong (BC Liberal)
Area
 - Total 10.38 km2 (4 sq mi)
Elevation 34 m (112 ft)
Population (2008[1])
 - Total 18,459 (estimated)
 - Density 1,778.3/km2 (4,605.8/sq mi)
Time zone Pacific Time Zone (UTC−8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC−7)
Postal code span
Area code(s) 250 , 778

Oak Bay is a municipality located on the southern tip of Vancouver Island, in the Canadian Province of British Columbia, Canada. A member municipality of the Capital Regional District, it is a community east of and adjacent to the City of Victoria. Oak Bay has been referred to as being located "Behind the Tweed Curtain",[2] a lighthearted allusion to the Iron Curtain.

Contents

Notable features

Oak Bay has several notable features which include:

  • The discrete area of the Uplands is a residential neighbourhood that is home to many of the most expensive properties in Canada, including stately turn of the century houses of the Arts and Crafts and Faux Tudor styles, as well as new high-end construction. The neighbourhood is generally known for its large private gardens, sweeping views of Haro Strait, the Strait of Juan de Fuca, Mt. Baker and the Olympic Mountains. Several of the waterfront residential properties in the Uplands and South Oak Bay count themselves amongst the most expensive private properties in Canada and North America;
  • Well-maintained houses and gardens throughout the municipality;
  • Independent bakeries, coffee shops, and other small high-end businesses;
  • Retirement homes and communities;
  • A selection of generally English-style tea rooms, restaurants, antique shops, as well as an English-style pub, and other establishments geared towards both families and seniors; and
  • A long-standing opposition to large commercial development and suited homes.

Oak Bay has been stereotyped as a community of British heritage, and tour guides continue to refer to it as "more English than England itself."

Oak Bay takes its name from the Garry Oak tree, which are found throughout the region. It is also the name of the large bay on the eastern shore of the municipality, fronting onto Willows Beach. The centre of Oak Bay is Oak Bay village along Oak Bay Avenue.

Oak Bay is home to several popular beaches, including Gonzales and Willows beaches.

Oak Bay's motto, from its coat of arms, is Sub Quercu Felicitas, Latin for "Under the Oak, Good Fortune".

History

Prior to the arrival of Europeans, Oak Bay was home to the local Coast Salish people of the Songhees First Nation. Evidence of their encampments has been found along local shores, including Willows Beach. Following the establishment of Fort Victoria on the Inner Harbour, the Hudson's Bay Company established Cadboro Bay Farm to supply food for the small settlement. Cattle Point, where cattle were brought ashore to avoid taxes, between Cadboro Bay and Willows Beach recalls the early history of this area. Early European settlers of the area included John Tod, whose home still stands and is reputed to be haunted.

Originally developed as a middle class streetcar suburb of Victoria, Oak Bay was incorporated as a municipality in 1906. Its first Council included Francis Rattenbury, the architect who designed the Legislative Buildings and Empress Hotel located on the inner harbour in Victoria. Rattenbury's own home on Beach Drive is now used as the junior campus for Glenlyon Norfolk School. In 1912 the former farm lands of the Hudson's Bay Company were subdivided to create the Uplands area, but development was hampered by World War I. After the war, development of expensive homes in the Uplands was accompanied by the construction of many more modest dwellings in the Estevan, Willows and South Oak Bay neighbourhoods. In addition to being an attractive retirement area, Oak Bay has also long appealed to families with young children and others seeking safe and well-maintained neighbourhoods. Oak Bay boasts beaches, the Oak Bay Marina and the Royal Victoria Yacht Club located on the shore of Cadboro Bay.

Oak Bay High School, with the largest student population in the Greater Victoria School District, is located within the municipality.[3]

Half of the University of Victoria campus is located within the District of Oak Bay, while the other half is in adjacent Saanich.

The Victoria Golf Club is located in South Oak Bay. It was founded in 1893, and is the second oldest golf course west of the Great Lakes. It is a challenging 6000 yard links course which hugs the oceanside, and claims to be the oldest golf course in Canada still on its original site.[4]

Climate

Climate data for Victoria Gonzales Heights, British Columbia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
17.4
(63.3)
20.6
(69.1)
27
(81)
29.5
(85.1)
35
(95)
35
(95)
32.8
(91.0)
31.7
(89.1)
25
(77)
18.9
(66.0)
15
(59)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
8.6
(47.5)
10.6
(51.1)
13.1
(55.6)
15.9
(60.6)
17.9
(64.2)
19.8
(67.6)
20.1
(68.2)
18.5
(65.3)
13.8
(56.8)
9.4
(48.9)
7.1
(44.8)
13.5
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
3.7
(38.7)
4.5
(40.1)
6
(43)
8.2
(46.8)
10
(50)
11.3
(52.3)
11.7
(53.1)
10.7
(51.3)
7.9
(46.2)
5
(41)
3.2
(37.8)
7.2
Record low °C (°F) −14.4
(6.1)
−12.8
(9.0)
−7.2
(19.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
1.1
(34.0)
3.9
(39.0)
6.1
(43.0)
4.4
(39.9)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.8
(27.0)
−11.1
(12.0)
−15.6
(3.9)
−15.6
(3.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 94.3
(3.713)
71.7
(2.823)
46.5
(1.831)
28.5
(1.122)
25.8
(1.016)
20.7
(0.815)
14
(0.55)
19.7
(0.776)
27.4
(1.079)
51.2
(2.016)
98.9
(3.894)
108.9
(4.287)
607.6
(23.921)
Rainfall mm (inches) 85.2
(3.354)
68.1
(2.681)
45.3
(1.783)
28.5
(1.122)
25.8
(1.016)
20.7
(0.815)
14
(0.55)
19.7
(0.776)
27.4
(1.079)
51.1
(2.012)
95.5
(3.76)
101.9
(4.012)
583.1
(22.957)
Snowfall cm (inches) 9.7
(3.82)
3.5
(1.38)
1.1
(0.43)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.04)
4.1
(1.61)
7.8
(3.07)
26.3
(10.35)
Sunshine hours 74.1 93.7 149.5 201.5 266.6 273.8 327.8 297.3 204.1 153.4 83.1 68.7 2,193.3
Source: Environment Canada

Neighbourhoods & Parks

Education

Oak Bay is within School District 61. There are two public elementary schools, Willows Elementary and Uplands Elementary, one public middle school, Monterey Middle School, and one public high school, Oak Bay High School, in Oak Bay. Residents in the South Oak Bay area may also register their children at the nearby Margaret Jenkins Elementary (in Victoria). There are two private junior schools located in Oak Bay, Glenlyon Norfolk School and St. Michael's University School.

References

External links


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