- Bodø Main Air Station
name = Bodø Main Air Station
IATA = BOO
ICAO = ENBO
type = Military/Public
Royal Norwegian Air Force
elevation-f = 42
elevation-m = 13
coordinates = Coord|67|16|09|N|14|21|55|E|type:airport|display=inline
website = [http://www.mil.no/luft/start/omlf/stasjoner/bodo/ www.mil.no]
metric-rwy = Yes
r1-number = 07/25
r1-length-f = 9,167
r1-length-m = 2,794
footnotes = Source: Norwegian AIP at EUROCONTROL
Bodø Main Air Station airport codes|BOO|ENBO (Norwegian: Bodø hovedflystasjon is situated just outside
Bodø, Norwayand is the largest air station in Norway, operated by the Royal Norwegian Air Force. This air station is the home of the 331st and the 332nd Squadron of F-16s in addition to a detachment from the 330th Squadron of Westland Sea Kinghelicopters. Bodø MAS is also the producer of the NASAMS(Norwegian Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System). Near the air station, at Bodin, there is an air force training base. Also at the station is the civilian Bodø Airport.
The air force base is manned by approximately 450 conscripted recruits, with 1000 employees in total. Bodø Main Air Station hosts 50% of the Norwegian jet fighter force. Their main objectives are to train new pilots and to maintain two fighters at immediate readiness for NATO. The Sea King aircraft are used for
search and rescueoperations.
Before the outbreak of WW II Bodø did not have an Airfield. All air communication was managed with seaplanes by the Norwegian company
World War II
It was not until 1940 that a runway was laid. Two Sandringham transports flew in from the United Kingdom with engineers and selected a swamp outside the centre of Bodø to host the new runway. The inhabitants of Bodø were only happy to help their British allies against their common foe Nazi-Germany. On
May 26, three British Gloster Gladiators landed and made out the first airborne defence for the city. As soon as the day after, they were in combat with German warplanes that insisted on bombing the docks and the new airfield. Although the three English pilots fought hard, they were all shot down by the superior Luftwaffeand Bodøwas destroyed, though the docks and the airfield were not destroyed.
During WW2 the airstrip consisted of a wood planked runway approximately 1200 metres long. This runway mainly served
Ju-88light bombers and a unit of Ju-87 Stukadive bombers.
An SS report held at the
Berlin Document Centrestates that the second Ju-390 prototype was loaded at Schweidnitznear Breslauin April 1945 for the evacuation of Kammler's Bell project. The aircraft said to be painted in Sweedish Air Force markings, then flew to Bodo.
That report is corroborated by Polish interrogation reports declassified in 1998 and cited by Polish author
Igor Witowski. One report featured the interrogations of SS-Gruppenfuehrer Jakob Sporrenberg, in charge of security in wartime Norway. Allied Intelligencereports from May 1944 based on Enigmaintercepts disclosed trials of the Ju-290aircraft with four tail parachutes to shorten runway requirements by 60%. By this method and it's nine wheeled undercarriage it is possible that the Ju-390could have used Bodo.
When the Second World War ended, the
Norwegianstook control of the airport and in 1950 the modern history of the airfield begins. The airport has undergone major modernization and expansion projects up to the present day. In 1988 NATOinjected vast amounts of money to enable the airfield to handle large air forces in the event of an emergency.
Cold Warthe station was one of the most important Norwegian bases. During the event of a nuclear war between the Soviet Unionand NATOBodø Main Air Stations primary function was to contribute with fighter aircraft to open Soviet air defence systems. The plan was the when the airspace was open, B-52 bombers belonging to Strategic Air Command(SAC) were to go into Soviet and drop Nuclear weapons on cities and military installations. During the cold war the Norwegian government did not allow placement of nuclear weapons in the kingdom during peace, but Bodø Main Air Station had specially built storage to receive nuclear weapons for storage in a war or during a crisis.
No other area in the NATO alliance confronted Soviet counterparts face-to-face as frequently as the Norwegian fighter squadrons at Bodø during the Cold War. At the height of the Cold War they scrambled to the skies on a daily basis and saw up to 200 confrontations a year.
Aircraft that have been stationed at Bodø
Multiple aircraft have been stationed at Bodø, some of these are:
De Havilland Vampire
F-5 Freedom Fighter
F-16 Fighting Falcon
Accidents and incidents
Lockheed U-2spyplanes were stationed at Bodø in 1958. On May 1 1960a U-2 plane piloted by Gary Powerswas headed for Bodø from Peshawar, Pakistanbut was shot down over the Soviet Union, causing the U-2 Crisis of 1960.
* [http://www.mil.no/luft/start/omlf/stasjoner/bodo/ Norwegian Air Force's page on Bodø Air Force Base] No icon
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