July Ordinances


July Ordinances

July Ordinances, also known as the Four Ordinances of Saint-Cloud, were a series of decrees set forth by Charles X and Jules Armand de Polignac, the chief minister, in July 1830.

Compelled by what he felt to be a growing, manipulative radicalism in the elected government, Charles felt that as king by right of birth and not parliamentary privilege, his primary duty was the guarantee of order and happiness in France and its people; not in political bipartisanship and the self-interpreted rights of implacable political enemies.

The result was that on 9 July 1830, Charles announced that in his interpretation of, and in full compliance with, Article 14 of the Charte, he would henceforth govern by ordonnances. On 25 July, while a guest at Saint-Cloud, he signed the famous "July Ordinances" which were published in the Parisian newspaper Moniteur the following day.

These ordinances of 26 July:

  • Suspended the liberty of the press
  • Appointed new, and what many considered reactionary, Conseillers d'Etat
  • Dissolved the newly elected Chamber of Deputies of France
  • Reduced the number of deputies in future Chambers
  • Summoned new electoral colleges for September of that year
  • Withdrew the Deputies' right of amendment
  • Excluded the commercial bourgeoisie from future elections[1]

It was intended to quell the people of France. However, the ordinances had the opposite effect of angering the French citizens. Journalists gathered in protest at the headquarters of the National daily, founded in January 1830 by Adolphe Thiers, Armand Carrel, and others. The final result was the July Revolution and Charles X's overthrow.

References

  1. ^ Mansel, Philip "Paris Between Empires: 1814-1852" Chp. XIII, page 237



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • July Revolution — The French Revolution of 1830, also known as the July Revolution, saw the overthrow of King Charles X, the French Bourbon monarch, and the ascension of his cousin Louis Philippe, the duc d Orléans, who himself, after eighteen precarious years on… …   Wikipedia

  • Ordinances of 1311 — The Ordinances of 1311 were a series of regulations imposed upon King Edward II by the peerage and clergy of the Kingdom of England to restrict the power of the king.[a] The twenty one signatories of the Ordinances are referred to as the Lords… …   Wikipedia

  • July Revolution — (1830) Insurrection that brought Louis Philippe to the throne of France. It was precipitated on July 26 by Charles X s publication of restrictive ordinances contrary to the spirit of the Charter of 1814. Demonstrations were followed by three days …   Universalium

  • List of Ordinances and Acts of the Parliament of England, 1642 to 1660 — This is a list of Ordinances and Acts of the Parliament of England from 1642 to 1660, during the English Civil War and the Interregnum.As King Charles I of England would not assent to Bills from a Parliament at war with him, decrees of Parliament …   Wikipedia

  • Bourbon Restoration — For the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty following the First Spanish Republic, see Spain under the Restoration. Kingdom of France Royaume de France ← …   Wikipedia

  • France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… …   Universalium

  • Chronology for the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914 —  Cross references to entries in the main entry section are in boldface.  1. Napoleonic Wars, 1800 1815  1799–1804: The Consulate ends the France’s revolutionary period. A dictatorship by Napoleon  Bonaparte with the formal trappings of a republic …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Antoine Maurice Apollinaire d'Argout — Caricature of the Comte d Argout by Honoré Daumier. Atoine Maurice Apollinaire, Comte d Argout (28 August 1782 Veyssilieu, Isère 15 January 1858 Paris) was a French statesman, minister and governor of the Bank of France. Life He was named Peer of …   Wikipedia

  • Évariste Galois — Infobox Scientist name = Évariste Galois box width = caption = Galois age fifteen, drawn by a classmate. birth date = birth date|1811|10|25 birth place = Bourg la Reine, France death date = death date and age|1832|5|31|1811|10|25 death place =… …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre-Denis, Comte de Peyronnet — (Bordeaux, 9 October 1778) was the President of the Bordeaux Court in France in 1815, Minister of Justice from 1821 to 1828 and four times Minister of Interior. Opposed to Napoleon s Empire, he rallied himself to the Bourbons during the …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.