Great Emigration


Great Emigration

The Great Emigrationcite book | last = Bade | first = Klaus J. | title = Migration in European History | publisher = Blackwell Publishing | year = 2003 | location = | pages = 134 | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=nzUHbJNtH8cC&pg=PA134&dq=Great+Emigration+Polish+1831&as_brr=3&ie=ISO-8859-1&sig=SbUDyEd3TRPs6ZwtEJqTyF3aEqE#PPA134,M1 | doi = | id = ISBN 0631189394 ] ( _pl. Wielka Emigracja) was an emigration of political elites from Poland from 1831–1870. Since the end of the 18th century, a major role in Polish political life was played by people who carried out their activities outside the country as émigrés. Their fate was a consequence of the Partitions of Poland, which completely divided the lands of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth between the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia, and the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria. Because of this emigration of political elites, much of the political and ideological activity of the Polish intelligentsia during the 18th and 19th centuries was done outside of the lands of partitioned Poland.Most of the political émigrés were based in France. The most important wave of emigration came after the November Uprising of 1830–1831. These Poles later fought and provided valuable support during the 1846 and 1848 revolutions in Poland. Their resistance was not limited to Polish revolutionary activity, as they also participated in various lands during the Revolutions of 1848, including France, the small principalities of Germany and Italy, Austria, Hungary, and the Danubian principalities Wallachia and Moldavia, the South American countries Argentina and Uruguay (participating in the "Guerra Grande") and later, the War of Crimea. Additional waves of émigrés came after the failures of the attempted 1848 revolution and the January Uprising of 1863–1864.

Notable Poles of the Great Emigration living in exile:

*Prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, leader of the Polish Government-in-Exile in Paris with embassies in London and Istanbul.
*Joachim Lelewel
*Fryderyk Chopin
*Adam Mickiewicz
*Leonard Chodźko
*Ignacy Domeyko
*Juliusz Słowacki
*Cyprian Kamil Norwid
*Zygmunt Krasiński
*Jozef Krzucki
*Maurycy Mochnacki
*Joseph Conrad Korzeniowski
*Guillaume Apollinaire Kostrowicki
*Piotr Michałowski
*Seweryn Goszczyński
*Jozef Bohdan Zaleski
*Aleksander MireckiSome Poles emigrated not because of politics, but to pursue their life's goals. This was the case of Maria Curie-Skłodowska, who was unable to get accepted into any Polish universities (due to her gender and repercussions of the January Uprising), and so decided to apply to the French universities.

ee also

*Hôtel Lambert
*Polish Legions
*Union of National Unity

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Great Trek — Trek Trek, n. [Written also {treck}.] [D. Cf. {Track}, n.] The act of trekking; a drawing or a traveling; a journey; a migration. [Chiefly South Africa] To the north a trek was projected, and some years later was nearly carried out, for the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • GREAT POLAND — (Pol. Wielkopolska; Heb. פּוֹלִין גָּדוֹל), historic administrative unit of Poland Lithuania, and a Jewish historical geographical entity within the framework of the councils of the lands . The region, which lay on both sides of the Warta River,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Emigration bretonne en Armorique — Émigration bretonne en Armorique Entre les IIIe et VIe siècles de notre ère, les Bretons de la province romaine de Bretagne (actuelle Grande Bretagne) émigrèrent en masse vers l’Armorique, dont fait partie l actuelle Bretagne. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Émigration bretonne en armorique — Entre les IIIe et VIe siècles de notre ère, les Bretons de la province romaine de Bretagne (actuelle Grande Bretagne) émigrèrent en masse vers l’Armorique, dont fait partie l actuelle Bretagne. Sommaire 1 Différentes vagues d’émigration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Great Village, Nova Scotia — Great Village is a community of approximately 500 people located along Trunk 2 and the north shore of Cobequid Bay in Colchester County Nova Scotia. It is considered locally to incorporate the areas of Highland Village to the west and Scrabble… …   Wikipedia

  • Great Trek — Emigration of some 12,000–14,000 Boers (see Afrikaners) from Cape Colony (South Africa) between 1835 and the early 1840s, in rebellion against British policies and in search of fresh pasturelands. The trek, regarded by Afrikaners as the origin of …   Universalium

  • Great Famine (Ireland) — The Great Famine ( ga. An Gorta Mór [The term has appeared in the titles of numerous books on the event, as demonstrated by [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=%22Gorta+Mo%CC%81r%22 =Search qt=results page this search on WorldCat] ] or ga. An… …   Wikipedia

  • Emigration — Abwanderung; Exodus; Auswanderung * * * Emi|gra|ti|on [emigra ts̮i̯o:n], die; , en: 1. Auswanderung (besonders aus politischen, wirtschaftlichen od. religiösen Gründen): die Familie entschied sich zur Emigration. 2. fremdes Land als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Great Migration (African American) — The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million blacks out of the Southern United States to the Northeast, Midwest, and West from 1910 to 1930. Some historians differentiate between a First Great Migration (1910–30), numbering about 1.6 million …   Wikipedia

  • Émigration bretonne en Armorique — Entre les IIIe et VIe siècles de notre ère, les Bretons de la province romaine de Bretagne (actuelle Grande Bretagne) émigrèrent en masse vers l’Armorique, dont fait partie l actuelle Bretagne. Sommaire 1 Différentes vagues d’émigration 2 …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.