- List of European Commissioners by nationality
A European Commissioner is a member of the European Commission. Each Commissioner within the college holds a specific portfolio and are led by the President of the European Commission. In simple terms they are the equivalent of national ministers. Each European Union member state has the right to a single commissioner (prior to 2004, the four largest states were granted two) and appoints them in consultation with the President.
The accession of Romania and Bulgaria in 2007 raised the number of commissioners from 25 to 27. Below is a list of all past and present European Commissioners according to the member-state they were nominated by, including the Presidents of the European Coal and Steel Community and European Atomic Energy Community. The colours indicate their political background (blue for conservative or centre-right, mainly European People's Party, red for left-wing or social democrats, mainly the Party of European Socialists, yellow for centrist or liberals, mainly European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party, and green for green politicians, mainly the European Green Party).
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Johannes Hahn Regional Policy Barroso II ÖVP Benita Ferrero-Waldner External Relations & European Neighbourhood Policy Barroso I ÖVP Franz Fischler Agriculture & Rural Development (& Fisheries) Santer & Marín & Prodi ÖVP
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Karel De Gucht Development & Humanitarian Aid
Barroso I & II VLD Louis Michel Development & Humanitarian Aid Prodi & Barroso I MR Philippe Busquin Research Prodi PS Karel Van Miert Transport / Competition (Vice-President) Delors II / Delors III & Santer & Marín SP Willy De Clercq External Relations & Trade Delors I PVV Étienne Davignon Internal Market, Customs Union, Industrial Affairs / Industrial Affairs & Energy Jenkins / Thorn none Henri François Simonet Tax & Energy (Vice-President) Ortoli PS Albert Coppé Social Affairs, Transport & Budget Malfatti & Mansholt CVP Jean Rey External Relations / President Hallstein I & Hallstein II / Rey PRL European Coal and Steel Community and European Atomic Energy Community Presidents President Commission Dates Party Paul Finet European Coal and Steel Community 1958–1959 unknown
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Kristalina Georgieva International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response Barroso II GERB Meglena Kuneva Consumer Protection Barroso I NDSV
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Androulla Vasiliou Health
Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth
Barroso I & II United Democrats Markos Kyprianou Budget / Health Prodi / Barroso Democratic
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Štefan Füle Enlargement and ENP Barroso II ČSSD Vladimír Špidla Employment, Social Affairs, & Equal Opportunities Barroso I ČSSD Pavel Telička Health & Consumer Protection Prodi none
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Connie Hedegaard Climate Action Barroso II Conservatives Mariann Fischer Boel Agriculture & Rural Development Barroso I Venstre Poul Nielson Development & Humanitarian Aid Prodi SD Ritt Bjerregaard Environment Santer & Marín SD Henning Christophersen Economic and financial affairs (Vice-President) Delors I & Delors II & Delors II Venstre Poul Dalsager Agriculture Thorn SD Finn Olav Gundelach Internal Market, Customs Union/Agriculture and Fisheries (Vice-President) Ortoli / Jenkins & Thorn none
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Siim Kallas Economic & Monetary Affairs / Administrative Affairs, Audit, & Anti-Fraud (Vice-President)
Transport (Vice President)
Prodi / Barroso I & II ERP
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Olli Rehn Enlargement]]
Financial and Monetary Affairs
Prodi / Barroso I & II Centre Erkki Liikanen Commissioner for Budget, Personnel & Administration / Enterprise & Information Society Santer & Marín / Prodi SDP
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Michel Barnier (second term, see below) Internal Market and Services (Vice-President) / Justice, Freedom, & Security (Vice-President) Barroso II UMP Jacques Barrot Transport (Vice-President) / Justice, Freedom, & Security (Vice-President) Prodi & Barroso I / Barroso I UMP Pascal Lamy Trade Prodi Socialist Michel Barnier Regional Policy Prodi UMP Yves-Thibault de Silguy Economic & Financial Affairs Santer & Marín unknown Édith Cresson Research, Science & Technology Santer PS Christiane Scrivener Taxes, Revenue Harmonization and Consumer Policies Delors II & III Rep. Jacques Delors President Delors (all) PS Edgard Pisani Development Thorn unknown François-Xavier Ortoli President / Economic & Financial Affairs (Vice-President) Ortoli / Jenkins & Thorn Gaullist Claude Cheysson Development / Mediterranean policy and North-South relations Ortoli & Jenkins & Thorn / Delors I PS Jean-François Deniau Foreign Relations and Development aid Malfatti & Mansholt & Ortoli UDF Raymond Barre Economic & Financial Affairs Rey & Malfatti & Mansholt UDF Henri Rochereau Development Assistance Rey unknown Robert Lemaignen Overseas Development Hallstein II unknown Robert Marjolin Economic & Financial Affairs (Vice-President) Hallstein I & Hallstein II SFOI Robert Lemaignen Overseas Development Hallstein I unknown European Coal and Steel Community and European Atomic Energy Community Presidents President Commission Dates Party Jean Monnet European Coal and Steel Community 1952–1955 unknown René Mayer European Coal and Steel Community 1955–1958 Radical Louis Armand European Atomic Energy Community 1952–1955 unknown Étienne Hirsch European Atomic Energy Community 1959–1962 unknown Pierre Chatenet European Atomic Energy Community 1962–1967 unknown
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Günther Oettinger Energy Barroso II CDU Günter Verheugen Enlargement / Enterprise & Industry (Vice-President) Prodi / Barroso I SPD Michaele Schreyer Budget Prodi Greens Monika Wulf-Mathies Regional Policy Santer & Marín SPD Peter Schmidhuber Budget Delors II & Delors III CSU Martin Bangemann Internal market and industrial affairs (Vice-President) / Industrial affairs, Information & Telecommunications Technologies Delors II * |Delors III / Santer & Marín FDP Alois Pfeiffer Economic Affairs, Employment & Eurostat Delors I SPD Karl-Heinz Narjes Internal market, industrial innovation, customs union, environment, consumer protection and nuclear safety / Industry, data processing, science and research (Vice-President) Thorn / Delors I CDU Guido Brunner Energy, Research, Science Jenkins FDP Ralf Dahrendorf External Relations & Trade / Research, Science, Education Malfatti & Mansholt / Ortoli FDP Fritz Hellwig Distribution of Information, Joint Research Center, Research and Technology Rey CDU Wilhelm Haferkamp Energy (Vice-President) / Internal Market and Energy (Vice-President) / Economic & Financial Affairs / External Relations (Vice-President) Rey / Malfatti & Mansholt / Ortoli / Jenkins & Thorn SPD Walter Hallstein President Hallstein I & Hallstein II CDU Hans von der Groeben Competition / Internal Market and Regional Policy Hallstein I & Hallstein II / Rey none (CDU Advisor)
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Maria Damanaki Fisheries and Maritime Affairs Barroso II PASOK Stavros Dimas Employment and Social Affairs / Environment Prodi / Barroso I ND Anna Diamantopoulou Employment and Social Affairs Prodi PASOK Christos Papoutsis Energy & Tourism Santer & Marín PASOK Ioannis Paleokrassas Environment Delors III ND Vasso Papandréou Employment, industrial relations and social affairs Delors II PASOK Grigoris Varfis Relations with the European Parliament and regional policy Delors I PASOK Giorgios Contogeorgis Transport; fisheries; coordination of questions related to tourism Thorn ND
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party László Andor Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion Barroso II MSZP László Kovács Taxation & Customs Union Barroso I MSZP Péter Balázs Regional Policy Prodi none
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Máire Geoghegan-Quinn Research, Innovation & Science Barroso II Fianna Fáil Charlie McCreevy Internal Market & Services Barroso I Fianna Fáil David Byrne Health & Consumer Protection Prodi Fianna Fáil Pádraig Flynn Commissioner for Employment & Social Affairs Delors III & Santer & Marín Fianna Fáil Ray MacSharry Agriculture Delors II Fianna Fáil Peter Sutherland Social affairs, Competition Delors I Fine Gael Michael O'Kennedy Commissioner for Personnel, Administration and the Statistics Office Thorn Fianna Fáil Richard Burke Taxation, Consumer Affairs, Transport / Delegate of the President, Personnel and Administration, Statistical Office; Office for Official Publications Jenkins / Thorn Fine Gael Patrick Hillery Social Affairs (Vice-President) Ortoli Fianna Fáil
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Antonio Tajani Transport
Industry and Entrepreneurship (Vice President)
Barroso I & II The People of Freedom Franco Frattini Justice, Freedom, & Security Barroso Forza Italia Romano Prodi President Prodi Olive Tree Emma Bonino Consumers Policy & Consumer Health Protection Santer & Marín Transnational Radical Party Mario Monti Internal Market / Competition Santer & Marín / Prodi unknown Antonio Ruberti Science, research, technological development and education (Vice-President) Delors III PSI Raniero Vanni d'Archirafi Institutional Reform Delors III unknown Filippo Maria Pandolfi Science, research and development Delors II DC Carlo Ripa di Meana Institutional reforms, information policy, culture and tourism / Personnel, administration and translation Delors I / Delors II PSI Lorenzo Natali Enlargement, Environment, Nuclear Safety / Mediterranean policy, enlargement and information / Enlargement, Cooperation and development affairs Jenkins / Thorn / Delors I DC Antonio Giolitti Regional Policy / Regional policy and coordination of Community funds Jenkins / Thorn PSI Carlo Scarascia-Mugnozza Agriculture / Parliamentary Affairs, Environmental Policy and Transport (Vice-President) Mansholt & Ortoli unknown Altiero Spinelli Industrial Affairs & Trade / Industrial Affairs & Research Malfatti / Mansholt & Ortoli unknown Franco Maria Malfatti President Malfatti DC Edoardo Martino Foreign relations Rey unknown Guido Colonna di Paliano Internal Market / Industrial Affairs Hallstein II / Rey unknown Lionello Levi Sandri Social Affairs (Vice-President) Hallstein I & Hallstein II & Rey PSI Giuseppe Caron Internal Market Hallstein I & Hallstein II DC Giuseppe Petrilli Social Affairs Hallstein I DC Piero Malvestiti Internal Market (Vice-President) Hallstein I DC European Coal and Steel Community and European Atomic Energy Community Presidents President Commission Dates Party Piero Malvestiti European Coal and Steel Community 1959–1963 DC Rinaldo Del Bo European Coal and Steel Community 1963–1967 unknown
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Andris Piebalgs European Commissioner for Development Barroso I & II Latvian Way Sandra Kalniete Agriculture, Rural Development & Fisheries Prodi LTF
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Algirdas Šemeta Financial Programming & the Budget / Taxation and Customs Union, Audit and Anti-Fraud Barroso I & II none Dalia Grybauskaitė Education and Culture / Financial Programming & the Budget Prodi / Barroso I none
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Viviane Reding Education and Culture / Information Society & Media / Justice, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship Prodi / Barroso I & II CSV Jacques Santer President Santer CSV René Steichen Agriculture Delors III CSV Jean Dondelinger Audiovisual and cultural affairs Delors II none Nicolas Mosar Energy and Euratom Delors I CSV Gaston Thorn President Thorn DP Raymond Vouel Competition Jenkins LSAP Albert Borschette Competition & Regional Policy Malfatti & Mansholt & Ortoli none Victor Bodson Transport Rey LSAP Lambert Schaus Transport Hallstein I & Hallstein II CSV Michel Rasquin Transport Hallstein I LSAP
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party John Dalli Health and Consumer Policy Barroso II Nationalist Joe Borg Development & Humanitarian Aid / Fisheries & Maritime Affairs Prodi / Barroso I Nationalist
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Neelie Kroes Competition / Digital Agenda (Vice President) Barroso I / Barroso II VVD Frits Bolkestein Internal Market, Taxation and Customs Union Prodi VVD Hans van den Broek External Relations and Enlargement / Relations with Central & Eastern Europe Delors III / Santer & Marín CDA Frans Andriessen Relations with the European Parliament and competition / Agriculture / External Relations & Trade Thorn / Delors I / Delors II KVP Henk Vredeling Employment and Social Affairs (Vice-President) Jenkins PvdA Pierre Lardinois Agriculture Ortoli KVP Maan Sassen Competition Rey KVP Sicco Mansholt Agriculture (Vice-President) / President Hallstein I & Hallstein II & Malfatti / Mansholt PvdA
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Danuta Hübner Trade (2004) / Regional Policy (2004-09) Prodi / Barroso I none Paweł Samecki Regional Policy (2009) Barroso none Janusz Lewandowski Financial Programming and Budget (2009-) Barroso II CV
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party José Manuel Barroso President Barroso I & II PSD António Vitorino Justice and Home Affairs Prodi PS João de Deus Pinheiro Relations with Parliament and Member States / Relations with African, Caribbean & Pacific countries Delors III / Santer & Marín PSD António Cardoso e Cunha Personnel, administration and translation Delors I & Delors II PSD
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Dacian Cioloş Agriculture and Rural Development Barroso II none Leonard Orban Multilingualism Barroso I none
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Maroš Šefčovič Education, Training & Culture / Inter-Institutional Relations and Administration Barroso I & II none Ján Figeľ Enterprise & Information Society / Education, Training & Culture Prodi / Barroso I KDH
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Janez Potočnik Enlargement / Science & Research / Environment Prodi / Barroso I & II none
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Joaquín Almunia Economic & Financial Affairs / Competition (Vice President) Prodi & Barroso I & II PSOE Pedro Solbes Economic & Monetary Affairs Prodi PSOE Loyola de Palacio Relations with the Parliament, Transport & Energy (Vice-President) Prodi PP Marcelino Oreja Transportation, Energy and the Supply Agency for Euratom / Relations with the European Parliament, Culture and Audiovisual Policy Delors III / Santer & Marín PP Abel Matutes Mediterranean policy / Transportation, Energy and the Supply Agency for Euratom Delors I & Delors II / Delors III PP Manuel Marin Cooperation and development (Vice-President) / Relations with the Southern Mediterranean, Latin America & the Middle East (Vice-President) / President Delors I & Delors II & Delors III / Santer & Marín PSOE
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Cecilia Malmström Home Affairs Barroso II FP Margot Wallström Environment / Institutional Relations & Communication Strategy (First Vice-President) Prodi / Barroso I SAP Anita Gradin Immigration, Justice & Home Affairs Santer & Marín SAP
Commissioner Portfolio Commission Party Catherine Ashton Trade
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (Vice-President)
Barroso I & II Labour Peter Mandelson Trade Barroso I Labour Chris Patten External Relations Prodi Conservative Neil Kinnock Transport / Administrative Reform (Vice-President) Santer & Marín / Prodi Labour Bruce Millan Regional Policy and Cohesion Delors II & Delors III Labour Leon Brittan Competition (Vice-President) / External Relations Delors II & Delors III / Santer & Marín Conservative Arthur Cockfield Internal market, tax law and customs Delors I Conservative Stanley Clinton Davis Environment, consumer protection and transport Delors I Labour Ivor Richard Employment and Social Affairs Thorn Labour Christopher Tugendhat Budget and Financial Control and Financial Institutions (Vice-President) Jenkins & Thorn Conservative Roy Jenkins President Jenkins Labour George Thomson Internal market and Customs Union Ortoli Labour Christopher Soames External Relations Ortoli Conservative
- ^ Served from July 2009
- ^ Served from July 2004
- ^ Served until July 2009
- ^ Served until July 2004
- ^ Served from 1 January 2007, date of Bulgarian accession to the EU
- ^ Nominated by coalition (Coalition for Bulgaria) not including her party.
- ^ a b c d Served until May 2004
- ^ Not Vice-President in the first Delors Commission.
- ^ Served in Thorn from 6 January 1981 – 13 January 1981. Replaced by Poul Dalsager.
- ^ Served from 12 July 2004
- ^ Served until 12 July 2004
- ^ Served from April 2004
- ^ Served until April 2004
- ^ Corruption charges against Cresson forced early resignation of Santer Commission, replaced by the interim Marín Commission.
- ^ Served from May 1981
- ^ Served until May 1981
- ^ Vice President only in the third Delors Commission
- ^ Served from March 2004
- ^ Served until March 2004
- ^ Resigned in 1982 to contest Feb 82 general election
- ^ Burke served two terms as commissioner, firstly on the Jenkins Commission, which was in office from 1977–1981. In 1982, he was appointed the Kennedy successor on the Thorn commission by the minority Haughey Fianna Fáil Government. Although a Burke was a Fine Gael member, appointing an FF TD would have triggered a by-election.
- ^ Hillery resigned in 1976 just before the end of his term, to become President of Ireland. He was not replaced.
- ^ Resigned 8 May 1970, not replaced
- ^ Vice President Only from the second Hallstein Commission
- ^ Appointed 1961
- ^ Appointed 1959, Resigned 15 May 1963
- ^ Resigned 1960
- ^ Resigned 1959, after being elected President of the European Coal and Steel Community.
- ^ Until May 2004.
- ^ Santer Commission forced to resign over corruption charges. Replaced by interim Marín Commission.
- ^ Appointed 18 June 1958
- ^ Died 27 April 1958
- ^ Nominating party was the SLD.
- ^ Nominating party was the Civic Platform.
- ^ Nominating party was the PNL.
- ^ Served from 1 January 2007, date of Romanian accession to the EU
- ^ Nominating party was the PNL.
- ^ Served until May 2004 in Prodi Commission due to new member-state commissioners.
- ^ Served from 26 April 2004
- ^ Served until 26 April 2004.
- ^ From April 1994
- ^ Up until April 1994
- ^ Vice President in Delors III only
- ^ Vice President only from Third Delors Commission
- ^ Vice President only in Torn Commission
Current European Commission Portfolios
Agriculture and Rural Development · Climate Action · Competition · Development · Digital Agenda · Economic and Monetary Affairs · Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth · Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion · Energy · Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy · Environment · Financial Programming and Budget · Health and Consumer Policy · High Representative · Home Affairs · Industry and Entrepreneurship · Internal Market and Services · International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response · Inter-Institutional Relations and Administration · Justice, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship · Maritime Affairs and Fisheries · Regional Policy · Research, Innovation and Science · Taxation and Customs Union, Audit and Anti-Fraud · Trade · Transport
European Commission Presidents and their Commissions
ECSC: Jean Monnet (1952) • René Mayer (1955) • Paul Finet (1958) • Piero Malvestiti (1959) • Rinaldo Del Bo (1963) • Albert Coppé (1963)
EAEC: Louis Armand (1958) • Étienne Hirsch (1959) • Pierre Chatenet (1962)
EEC: Walter Hallstein (1958)2 EC: Jean Rey (1967) • Franco Maria Malfatti (1970) • Sicco Mansholt (1972) •
François-Xavier Ortoli (1973) • Roy Jenkins (1977) • Gaston Thorn (1981) • Jacques Delors (1985)2
EU: Jacques Delors (1993) • Jacques Santer (1995) • Manuel Marín (1999) • Romano Prodi (1999) • José Manuel Barroso (2004)2
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