- William Wilkins (architect)
Wilkins was born in
Norwich, the son of a successful builder who also managed a chain of theatres. His brother George Wilkins was Archdeacon of Nottingham.
He studied at
Gonville and Caius College, Cambridgeand after touring Greece, Asia Minor, and Magna Græciain Italybetween 1801 and 1804, published researches into both Classical and Gothic architecture, becoming one of the leading figures in the English Greek Revivalof the early 1800s. On his tour of the classical antiquities around the Mediterranean he was accompanied by the Italian landscape painter Agostino Aglio, who had been commissioned by Wilkins as draughtsman on the expedition. Aglio supplied the drawings for the aquatintplates of monument illustrations in Wilkins' volumes from the expedition, such as "The Antiquities of Magna Graecia" (1807).
Among his works in the Classical neo-Grecian style were
Downing College, Cambridge(designed 1805, built 1807–1820 but not completed owing to lack of funds), the East India Company College, Haileybury(1809), Theatre Royal Bury St Edmunds1819, University College, London(1825–1832) and the Yorkshire Museum(1830).
He also produced buildings in the Gothic style, which he preferred, including work done in the 1820s at King's, Trinity and Corpus Christi Colleges in
Cambridge, and country houses including Tregothnanand Dalmeny House.
In 1822-26, he collaborated with
John Peter Gandyon the Clubhouse for the new United University Club, in Pall Mall.
His most famous work, the National Gallery, was completed in 1838; it has been less admired by critics than some of his other buildings. He is buried in the
chapelof Corpus Christi College, his own favourite among his works.
*"Antiquities of Magna Graecia" (1807)
*"Civil Architecture of
Vitruvius" (1812 and 1817)
*"Prolusiones Architectonicae" (1837)
* R. Windsor Liscombe, "Wilkins, William (1778-1839)", "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford University Press, 2004: [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/29422 article available online (subscription required)] , last accessed
4 October 2004
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
William Wilkins — may refer to:* William Wilkins (architect), (1778 ndash;1839), British architect and archaeologist * William Wilkins (U.S. Senator), (1779 ndash;1865), American lawyer, Senator for Pennsylvania, Secretary of War * William A. Wilkins, (1899… … Wikipedia
Wilkins — or Wilkin is a name variant of William. It is of medieval origin taken from a diminutive version of William (in the hypocoristic form Will) with the suffix kin , meaning small, or little .People named Wilkin or Wilkins: Wilkins ** Andrew Wilkins… … Wikipedia
Wilkins Mill Covered Bridge — Infobox nrhp | name = Wilkins Mill Covered Bridge nrhp type = caption = nearest city= Rockville, Indiana nearest city = Rockville, Indiana lat degrees = 39 | lat minutes = 53 | lat seconds = 54.09 | lat direction = N long degrees = 87 | long… … Wikipedia
William Langer — For the Harvard University historian, see William L. Langer. William Langer United States Senator from North Dakota In office January 3, 1941 – November 8, 1959 Preceded by … Wikipedia
William Dean Howells — Infobox Writer name = William Dean Howells imagesize = 200px caption = pseudonym = W.D. Howells birthdate = Birth date|1837|3|1 birthplace = Martinsville, Ohio deathdate = Dda|1920|5|11|1837|3|1 deathplace = occupation = novelist, short story… … Wikipedia
Francis Johnston (architect) — Francis Johnston (1760 ndash; 1829) was an Irish architect, best known for building the General Post Office (GPO) on O’Connell Street, Dublin. LifeJohnston was born in Armagh, Ireland, son of William Johnston, also an architect. He studied… … Wikipedia
George Wilkins (priest) — George Wilkins, D.D. was born in May 1785 and died on 13 Aug 1865. He was a priest in the Church of England.Ordained 1810, Curate of Great Plumstead 1808, Curate of Hadleigh, Suffolk 1808 1815, Vicar of Laxton, Nottinghamshire 1813 1817, Vicar of … Wikipedia
Agostino Aglio — Une gravure sur l exposition Ancient Mexico (1824). Agostino Aglio (Crémone, 15 décembre 1777 Londres, 30 janvier 1857) est un dessinateur, un lithographe, un graveur et un peintre italien qui fut … Wikipédia en Français
Western architecture — Introduction history of Western architecture from prehistoric Mediterranean cultures to the present. The history of Western architecture is marked by a series of new solutions to structural problems. During the period from the… … Universalium
National Gallery — This article is about the National Gallery in London. For other uses, see National Gallery (disambiguation). Coordinates: 51°30′31″N 0°07′42″W / 51.5086°N 0.1283°W … Wikipedia