- 7th Field Artillery Regiment (United States)
|Unreferenced|date=March 2008Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=7th Field Artillery
caption=7th Field Artillery coat of arms
motto=Nunquam Aerumna Nec Prolio Fractum - Never Broken by Hardship or Battle
July 1, 1916–
World War I World War II Vietnam War
The 7th Field Artillery Regiment is a
United States Army field artillery regiment, whose lineage traces back to the early 20th century.
World War I
The regiment was constituted on
July 1, 1916in the Regular Army as the 7th Field Artillery. It was organized on July 15, 1916at Fort Sam Houston, Texas. On June 8, 1917it was assigned to the First Expeditionary Division, which was later designated as the 1st Division as part of the Allied Expeditionary Force in World War I.
World War II
7th Field Artillery Regiment participated in the amphibious assault landing in Algeria as part of
Operation Torch. After fighting across North Africa, the regiment participated in 1st Infantry Division's assault of Omaha Beach.
Vietnam, the "Pheons"
On January 20, 1964 the unit was redesignated the 1st Battalion, 7th Artillery and assigned to the 1st Infantry Division. The redesignation included a new design for the unit's distinctive unit insignia (DUI) to an "artillery red" square shield divided by a silver band running from the top right corner to the bottom left corner (as the wearer sees it). In the upper division of the shield appears three silver crescent moons, while the lower division holds seven silver crosslets alluding to the numerical designation of the battalion. The primary charge of the shield however is the three large "artillery red" arrow heads or pheons that rest upon the silver band. It is from these three pheons that the nickname for the battalion "the Pheons" is derived. The unit's motto was shortened to "Nunquam Fractum" (Never Broken) written in silver on an "artillery red" scroll beneath the shield. The unit would carry this designation throughout its tour of Vietnam from June 25, 1965, to 19 March 1970. On the 23rd of June, 1965, Private First Class Gerold Worster arrived by plane in Saigon, in the Republic of Vietnam. Not only was Gerold the first soldier from the 1st Infantry Division, known as the "Big Red One", he was also the first member of the 7th Artillery to set foot on Vietnamese soil. Even as he climbed from the plane, his comrades were loading aboard the "USNS Gordon" for the trip to Vietnam. On 12 July, Charlie Battery of the 1st Battalion, 7th Artillery made landfall at Cam Ranh Bay, part of a taskforce with the 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. This force was the first tactical US Army unit to be deployed in the Republic of Vietnam directly from the continental United States.After returning from Vietnam in March of 1970, the 7th Artillery was redesignated the 7th Field Artillery once again on 1 September 1971. The unit insignia was redesigned by replacing the squared shield with a more rounded one, eliminating the three pheons on the bend of the shield, and replacing the seven crosslets with seven blossoms of the Texas bluebonnet, alluding not only to the unit's number, but its birthplace as well. The motto "Nunquam Fractum" was replaced with "Nunquam Aerumna Nec Proelio Fractum" (never broken by hardship or battle). During its Vietnam tour the 105mm howitzers of the 1st Battalion, 7th Artillery fired more than 1,250.000 rounds in its 55 continuous months of combat while earning 11 new battle honors. With the change of the unit insignia and the loss of the pheons from the shield, the 7th Artillery's Vietnam nickname of "Pheons" was also lost.Vietnam Campaign Participation: *Defense; *Counteroffensive; *Counteroffensive, Phase II; *Counteroffensive, Phase III; *Tet Counteroffensive; *Counteroffensive, Phase IV; *Counteroffensive, Phase V; *Counteroffensive, Phase VI; *Tet 69/Counteroffensive; *Summer-Fall 1969; *Winter-Spring 1970Decorations: *Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for VIETNAM 1966-1967, *Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for VIETNAM 1967-1968, *Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM 1965-1968, *Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM 1969-1970, *Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class for VIETNAM 1965-1970. Source document: Unpublished history of the 1st Battalion, 7th Artillery titled "Annual Historical Summary of the 1st Battalion, 7th Artillery for the period January 1, 1969, to March 19, 1970" U.S. National Archives.
The artillery battery elements of the 1/7th FA Unit located in Ft Drum New York volunteered approximately 60 young soldiers at a time to participate in a rotation schedule during Operation Desert Shield / Desert Storm in late 1990 and early 1991. Although the Unit itself was not activated for combat duty as a whole, these soldiers rotated out over a nine-month period to support the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions.
The 3rd Battalion, 7th Field Artillery 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 25(Light) Infantry Division, was in Afganistan as part of Joint Task Force 76 in Operation Enduring Freedom 2004-2005During this deployment, Bravo (Bulls) Battery was recorded as having shot the first artillery round in anger for the 25(L)inf since Vietnam.
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Campaign Participation Credit
*World War I:
# St. Mihiel;
# Lorraine 1917;
# Lorraine 1918;
# Picardy 1918
*World War II:
# Algeria-French Morocco (with arrowhead);
# Sicily (with arrowhead);
# Normandy (with arrowhead);
# Northern France
# Central Europe
# Counteroffensive, Phase II;
# Counteroffensive, Phase III;
# Tet Counteroffensive;
# Counteroffensive, Phase IV;
# Counteroffensive, Phase V;
# Counteroffensive, Phase VI;
# Tet 69/Counteroffensive;
# Summer-Fall 1969;
# Winter-Spring 1970;
Meritorious Unit Commendation(Army) for VIETNAM 1966-1967
Meritorious Unit Commendation(Army) for VIETNAM 1967-1968
#French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War I for LORRAINE-PICARDY
#French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War I for AISNE-MARNE and MEUSE-ARGONNE
#French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II for KASSERINE
#French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II for NORMANDY
Médaille militaire, Fourragère
#Belgian Fourragère 1940: Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action at MONS and for action at EUPEN-MALMEDY
#Army Superior Unit Award for Operation Joint Endeavor/Joint Guard 1996-1997
* [http://www.25thida.com/units2.html] - historical information
* [http://www.army.mil/cmh/lineage/branches/fa/0007fa.htm| Center of Military History] - lineage and honors
* [http://www.army.mil/cmh/books/Vietnam/FA54-73/ch5.htm#p171] - Vietnam task organization
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