Business software


Business software

This article is about software made for business, if you were looking for the business of selling software, see Software business.

Business software is generally any software program that helps a business increase productivity or measure their productivity. The term covers a large variation of uses within the business environment, and can be categorized by using a small, medium and large matrix:

Now, technologies that have previously only existed in peer-to-peer software applications, like Kazaa and Napster, are starting to feature within business applications. JXTA is an open source platform that enables the creation of machine and language neutral applications.

Contents

Types of business software tools

  • Digital Dashboards - Also known as Business Intelligence Dashboards, Enterprise Dashboards, or Executive Dashboards, these are visually based summaries of business data that show at-a-glance understanding of conditions through metrics and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). A very popular BI tool that has arisen in the last few years.
  • Online Analytical Processing, commonly known as OLAP (including HOLAP, ROLAP and MOLAP) - a capability of some management, decision support, and executive information systems that supports interactive examination of large amounts of data from many perspectives.[1]
  • Reporting software generates aggregated views of data to keep the management informed about the state of their business.
  • Data mining - extraction of consumer information from a database by utilizing software that can isolate and identify previously unknown patterns or trends in large amounts of data. There are a variety of data mining techniques that reveal different types of patterns.[2] Some of the techniques that belong here are Statistical methods (particularly Business statistics) and Neural networks as very advanced means of analysing data.
  • Business performance management (BPM)


A Brief History of Business Software

The essential motivation for business software is to increase profits by cutting costs or speeding the productive cycle. In the earliest days of white-collar business automation, large mainframe computers were used to tackle the most tedious jobs, like bank cheque clearing and factory accounting.

Factory accounting software was among the most popular of early business software tools, and included the automation of General Ledgers, Fixed Assets Inventory ledgers, Cost Accounting ledgers, Accounts Receivable ledgers, and Accounts Payable ledgers (including Payroll, Life Insurance, Health Insurance, Federal and State Insurance and Retirement) ledgers.

The early use of software to replace manual white-collar labor was extremely profitable, and caused a radical shift in white-collar labor. One computer might easily replace 100 white-collar 'pencil pushers', and the computer would not require any Health or Retirement Benefits.

Building on these early successes with IBM, Hewlett-Packard and other early suppliers of business software solutions, corporate consumers demanded business software to replace the old-fashioned drafting board. CAD-CAM software (or computer-aided drafting for computer-aided manufacturing) arrived in the early 1980s. Also, project management software was so valued in the early 1980s that it might cost as much as $500,000 per copy (although such software typically had far fewer capabilities than modern project management software such as Microsoft Project, which one might purchase today for under $500 per copy.)

In the early days, perhaps the most noticeable, widespread change in business software was the Word Processor. Because of its rapid rise, the ubiquitous IBM typewriter suddenly vanished in the 1980s as millions of companies worldwide shifted to the use of Word Perfect business software, and later, Microsoft Word software. Another vastly popular software program for business were mathematical spreadsheet program such as Lotus 1-2-3, and later Microsoft Excel.

In the 1990s business shifted massively towards globalism with the appearance of SAP software which coordinates a supply-chain of vendors, potentially worldwide, for the most efficient, streamlined operation of factory manufacture.

Yet nothing in the history of business software has had the global impact of the Internet, with its Email and Websites that now serve commercial interests worldwide. Globalism in business fully arrived when the Internet became a household word.

See also

References

  1. ^ James O'Brien and George Marakas, Management Information Systems, 7th ed. McGraw-Hill
  2. ^ Dictionary of Marketing Terms, 3rd Edition

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Business Software —   [engl.], kaufmännische Software …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Business Software — Unternehmenssoftware ist ein aus dem englischen übernommener, insbesondere für Marketingzwecke verwendeter Begriff (Business Software) mit wechselnder, unscharfer Bedeutung. Allgemein ist Unternehmenssoftware jede Art von Anwendungssoftware, die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • business software — computer software designed to meet the needs of businesses …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Business Software Alliance — (BSA)  торговая ассоциация, созданная в 1988 году и представляющая интересы ряда крупнейших в мире разработчиков программного обеспечения. Её основной деятельностью является борьба с нарушениями авторских прав на программное обеспечение,… …   Википедия

  • Business Software Alliance — Business Software Alliance,   BSA …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Business Software Alliance — The Business Software Alliance (BSA) is a trade group established in 1988 and representing a number of the world s largest software makers. Its principal activity is trying to stop copyright infringement of software produced by its members… …   Wikipedia

  • Business Software & Services Industry ETF — An exchange traded fund (ETF) that invests in business software companies, with the objective of replicating the performance of an underlying software index. A business software and services ETF includes companies engaged in a diverse range of… …   Investment dictionary

  • Business Software Alliance — Die Business Software Alliance (BSA) ist ein 1988 gegründeter internationaler Interessenverband von Softwareanbietern. Die BSA vertritt ihre Mitglieder durch Lobby Arbeit in den Bereichen Urheberrecht und lizenzkonformen Handel mit Software. Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Business Software Alliance — Pour les articles homonymes, voir BSA. La Business Software Alliance (BSA) est une association regroupant de grands fabricants de logiciels propriétaires, tels Microsoft et Adobe, et dont la raison d être principale est la lutte contre la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • business software package — One of a wide range of software programs sold in packages to enable computers to be used for a variety of business uses. They range in complexity and expense from those suitable for an individual PC to large systems operated on a mainframe or a… …   Accounting dictionary