Synizesis (Greek: Συνιζησις, "a sitting together") is a poetic figure of speech in which two consecutive vowel sounds are pronounced as a single phoneme so that certain words adhere to a particular poetic meter. Unlike the phenomenon of crasis, synizesis requires that the vowels in question belong to separate syllables in a "single" word. The vowels do not form a diphthong as a result.

For example, in Virgil's Aeneid, "dehinc" in "Eurum ad se Zephyrumque vocat, dehinc talia fatur" is pronounced as one syllable by synizesis.

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  • synizesis — [sin΄ə zē′sis] n. pl. synizeses [sin΄ə zē′sēz] [LL < Gr synizēsis < synizanein, to sink in, collapse < syn , with + hizein, to SIT] 1. the contraction of two adjacent vowels into a single syllable, without the formation of a diphthong 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Synizesis — Syn i*ze sis, n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to sit together; sy n with + ? to sit.] 1. (Med.) An obliteration of the pupil of the eye. [1913 Webster] 2. (Gram.) A contraction of two syllables into one; synecphonesis. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Synizēsis — (gr.), 1) das Zusammenfallen od. Zusammenschmelzen; 2) das Zusammenaussprechen getrennt geschriebener Vocale, z.B. χρυσέην, was zweisylbig gesprochen etwa wie chrysjen klingt. Hauptsächlich gehören hierher die Fälle, wo i u. u zu Consonanten (j u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Synizēsis — (griech.), s. Synäresis …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Synizesis — Synizēsis (grch.), s. Synäresis …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Synizesis — Synizesis, s. Synäresis …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Synizesis — Sy|ni|ze|se, Sy|ni|ze|sis, die; , ...zesen [spätlat. synizesis < griech. synízēsis, eigtl. = das Zusammenfallen] (antike Metrik): Verschmelzung zweier meist im Wortinnern nebeneinander liegender, zu verschiedenen Silben gehörender Vokale zu… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • synizesis — noun Etymology: Late Latin, from Greek synizēsis, from synizein to sit down together, collapse, blend, from syn + hizein to sit down; akin to Latin sidere to sit down more at subside Date: 1846 contraction of two syllables into one by uniting in… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • synizesis — /sin euh zee sis/, n. Phonet. the combination into one syllable of two vowels (or of a vowel and a diphthong) that do not form a diphthong. Also called synaeresis. [1840 50; < LL < Gk synízesis, equiv. to syn SYN + (h)iz (s. of hízein to SIT1) +… …   Universalium

  • synizesis — 1. Closure or obliteration of the pupil. 2. The massing of chromatin at one side of the nucleus that occurs usually at the beginning of synapsis. [G. collapse] * * * syn·i·ze·sis (sin″ĭ zeґsis) [Gr. synizēsis] occlusion …   Medical dictionary

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