Artio


Artio
The goddess Artio as depicted in the Muri statuette group, presumably in bear and in human form.

Artio (Dea Artio in the Gallo-Roman religion) was a Celtic bear goddess. Evidence of her worship has notably been found at Bern (Switzerland) whose name according to legend is derived from the word Bär, "bear"[citation needed].

Contents

Representations and inscriptions

A bronze sculpture from Muri, near Bern in Switzerland shows a large bear facing a woman seated in a chair, with a small tree behind the bear. The woman seems to hold fruit in her lap, perhaps feeding the bear. (Deyts p.48, Green pp.217-218). The sculpture has a large rectangular bronze base, which bears an inscription. (CIL 13, 05160)

Deae Artioni / Licinia Sabinilla

To the Goddess Artio (or Artionis), from Licinia Sabinilla. If the name is Gaulish but the syntax is Latin, a dative Artioni would give an i-stem nominative *Artionis or an n-stem nominative *Artio. That would perhap correspond to a Gaulish n-stem nominative *Artiu.

Other inscription to the goddess have been discovered in Daun (CIL 13, 4203), Weilerbach (CIL 13, 4113), Heddernheim (CIL 13, 7375 [4, p 125]), and Stockstadt (CIL 13, 11789).

Etymology

Her name is derived from the Gaulish word artos, bear (Delamarre 2003 p. 55-56). Other Celtic languages have similar words, such as Old Irish art, Welsh arth - which may also be the source for the modern name Arthur.

See also


Footnotes

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Artio — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En la mitología celta, Artio era una diosa, que parece haber sido especialmente venerada por el pueblo celta de los helvecios, aunque hay datos que indican que fue igualmente venerada en otros lugares del ámbito… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Artio — Famille …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Artio — ist eine gallische Bärengöttin, die bei den Helvetiern und Treverern verehrt wurde. Ihr Name wird von artos, dem gallischen Wort für „Bär“ (altir. art; kymr. arth) abgeleitet. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Archäologische Funde 2 Weitere keltische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • artio — elem. par, pereche, simetrie . (< fr. artio , cf. gr. artios) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • artio- — a combining form meaning even number, used in the formation of compound words: artiodactyl. [ < Gk ártio(s) even (in number), perfect; akin to L ars art, Skt arthya suitable, rich] * * * …   Universalium

  • artio- — a combining form meaning even number, used in the formation of compound words: artiodactyl. [ < Gk ártio(s) even (in number), perfect; akin to L ars art, Skt arthya suitable, rich] …   Useful english dictionary

  • artio — (G). Even in number …   Dictionary of word roots and combining forms

  • Artio —    Early Celtic priestess of a Bear clan who may have been the consort of Esus. As a goddess she was worshipped in Switzerland at Berne, a name which means ‘bears’ …   Who’s Who in non-classical mythology

  • Ours dans la culture — Sous article d un taxon biologique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Brauner Karpatenbär — Braunbär Braunbär Systematik Überordnung: Laurasiatheria Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.