- Toronto Marlboros
Hockey team | CAN_eng = 1
team = Toronto Marlborough
logosize = 125px
Ontario Hockey League
founded = 1903
operated = 1904-1989
Maple Leaf Gardens
Toronto Maple Leafs
name1 = Toronto Marlboros
dates1 = 1904-89
Dukes of Hamilton
dates2 = 1989-91
dates3 = 1991-PresentThe Toronto Marlborough Athletic Club, commonly known as the Toronto Marlboros, was founded in 1903. It operated a
junior ice hockeyteam in the Ontario Hockey Associationand Ontario Hockey Leaguefrom 1904 to 1989. The Marlboros were formerly a farm team to the Toronto Maple Leafsand one of the dominant junior teams in history, winning seven Memorial Cupchampionships.
"Other Toronto Marlboros teams include a Senior Hockey team who competed for the
Stanley Cupin 1904 & won the Allan Cupin 1950, and a Minor Hockey team, which has operated continuously since 1931."
The Toronto Marlborough Athletic Club was started in Toronto, Ontario in 1903 by a group of Toronto sportsmen. It was named after the
Duke of Marlborough. A hockey program was started in 1904. The team was commonly known as the Marlboros or Marlies and was also nicknamed the Dukes.
In the early years, the Marlboros were just one of many athletic clubs and junior hockey teams in and around Toronto that played in relative obscurity in the history books. The club was thrust onto the national scene in 1927 when
Conn Smythebought the Toronto Marlboros to be the farm team for his other recently acquired team, the Toronto Maple Leafs. From 1927 to 1989 the Marlboros and Maple Leafs shared common ownership first in the Smythe family and later in Harold Ballard. Upon the passing of Conn Smythe, his son Stafford Smytheinherited the teams, and later sold a portion of both clubs to Harold Ballard. Ballard became sole owner of both teams upon the passing of Stafford Smythe.
The Marlboros would serve as a farm team for the Maple Leafs for 40 years until direct NHL sponsorship of junior teams ended in 1967, however the two clubs continued to remain affiliated under a common ownership until 1989. During this time the Marlboros would send over 180 players to the NHL and 6 future
Hockey Hall of Fameinductees. The two teams would often play double headers on Saturdays, with the junior games in the afternoon and the NHL games in the evening.
Hot Stove Clubwas formed at Maple Leaf Gardens on May 28, 1937for the purpose of raising funds to support the Marlborough Hockey Club. The Hot Stove Club was given a permanent bar & lounge at Maple Leaf Gardens in 1963. From 1929 to 1975 the Marlboros won the national junior championship seven times.
Marlboro players from the Memorial Cups in the 1950s and 1960s jumped directly to the Maple Leafs, helping them win the Stanley Cup four times in the 1960s. Former NHL stars stayed in the organization to help coach in the junior ranks. Turk Broda and George Armstrong both coached the Marlboros to Memorial Cup victories.
Stafford Smythe organized the
Metro Junior A Leaguein 1961 as a rival league to the OHA, with the Marlboros as its charter member. After the league folded in 1963, the Marlboros scooped up all the former stars from the Toronto Neil McNeil Maroonswho had won two consecutive Metro Junior A league titles, and also retained their coach, Jim Gregory. The 1964 Marlboros were one of the strongest teams in Canadian junior history.
The Marlboros would return to prominence again in 1973, coached by former Toronto Maple Leafs captain
George Armstrong. Armstrong's team in 1973 lost only 7 seven games all season, and two years later he would coach the Marlboros to their 7th national title in 1975.
The team began to take a decline in the standings in the late 1970s which continued through the 1980s. Many people felt that Harold Ballard's penny-pinching ways helped contribute to the demise of Canada's most successful junior team. After the 1988-1989 season the Toronto Marlboros were sold, and they severed ties with the Maple Leafs. The OHA team moved to Hamilton, becoming the Dukes of Hamilton. They were not financially successful in Hamilton, though, and after only two seasons the Dukes became the Guelph Storm.
The Toronto Marlboros have won Memorial Cup seven times, more than any other team in the Cup's history. The Marlies also won 10 OHA championships in 17 final appearances.
J. Ross Robertson Cup
*1928 Won - final opponent unknown
*1929 Won - final opponent unknown
*1932 Won - final opponent unknown
*1940 Lost to Oshawa Generals
*1941 Lost to Oshawa Generals
*1949 Lost to Barrie Flyers
*1951 Lost to Barrie Flyers
*1955 Won vs. St. Catharines Teepees
*1956 Won vs. Barrie Flyers
*1958 Won vs. Hamilton Tiger Cubs
*1964 Won vs. Montreal Jr. Canadiens
*1965 Lost to Niagara Falls Flyers
*1967 Won vs. Hamilton Red Wings
*1970 Lost to Montreal Jr. Canadiens
*1971 Lost to St. Catharines Black Hawks
*1973 Won vs. Peterborough Petes
*1975 Won vs. Hamilton Fincups
Hamilton Spectator Trophy
*1959-1960 59 points
*1963-1964 87 points
*1971-1972 93 points
*1972-1973 103 points
*1974-1975 105 points
*1929 Defeated Elmwood Millionaires
*1955 Defeated Regina Pats
*1956 Defeated Regina Pats
*1964 Defeated Edmonton Oil Kings
*1967 Defeated Port Arthur Marrs
*1973 Defeated Québec Remparts
*1975 Defeated New Westminster Bruins
Eastern Canadian Champions
*1928 Lost to Ottawa Gunners
*1929 Defeated Ottawa Shamrocks
George Richardson Memorial Trophy
*1955 Defeated Quebec Frontenacs
*1956 Defeated Montreal Jr. Canadiens
*1958 Lost to Ottawa-Hull Junior Canadiens
*1964 Defeated Notre Dame de Grace Monarchs
*1967 Defeated Thetford Mines Canadiens
The Marlboros reached their first
Memorial Cupseries in 1929 after being upset in 1928 by the Ottawa Gunners. In 1929 the Marlboros defeated the Ottawa Shamrocksin a two-game total goals series by 6 to 5. Ottawa won the first game 4 to 3, and Toronto won the second game 3 to 1.
Toronto played the
Elmwood Millionairesfrom Winnipeg, Manitobain a best of three series starting on March 29at the Arena Gardens ( Mutual Street Arena) for the Memorial Cup. The Marlboros won the first game 4 to 2 in overtime. On March 31, Toronto won game 2 by an identical score of 4 to 2 for its first Memorial Cup.
Turk Broda took over the coaching duties of the Marlboros midway through the 1954-55 season. In the playoffs the Marlboros defeated the reigning Memorial Cup champions
St. Catharines Teepees, followed by the Québec Rempartsto win the Eastern Canadian championship.
After a long train ride to
Regina, Saskatchewanto Marlboros and the Regina Pats took part in the First Annual Memorial Cup Dinner. The idea of the banquet was one of Harold Ballard's many longlasting effects on the game. The next day the two teams would start a best of seven series for the Cup.
Regina won the first game 3 to 1. Toronto won the next two games scores of 5 to 2, and 3 to 2. Regina tied up game four at 2 goals each in the dying minutes of regulation to send the match to overtime. Billy Harris would score in overtime to give the Marlbors a 3 games to 1 lead. Game five was also tied after three periods. Toronto scored three unanswered goals, winning 8 to 5 in overtime, and their second Memorial Cup.
Toronto defeated the
Montreal Junior Canadiensin an 8-game series to return to the Memorial Cup and a rematch versus the Regina Pats.The championship series started at Maple Leaf Gardenson April 27.
The teams tied the first game at 4 goals each. Toronto put together three consecutive victories by scores of 5 to 1, 4 to 2, and 6 to 1. The Marlboros captured their second consecutive Memorial Cup in game five by a score ot 7 to 4. The
Oshawa Generalswere the first team to accomplish the feat in 1938-39 and 1939-40.
Toronto defeated the defending OHA champions
Niagara Falls Flyersand the Montreal Jr. Canadiens to win the J. Ross Robertson Cup. The Marlboros swept the NOHA champion North Bay Trappersto play the Quebec champion Notre-Dame-de-Grace Monarchs, who were coached by Scotty Bowman. Toronto prevailed to return to the Memorial Cup after an eight-year absence. Their opponent would be the perennial Abbott Cup champion Edmonton Oil Kings.
The series opened at Maple Leaf Gardens with a 5 to 2 Toronto victory. The Marlboros continued on to win games two and three with scores of 3 to 2 and 5 to 2. Toronto finished the series sweep with a 7 to 2 win in game 4. Many of the players on the 1964 Marlboros team like
Ron Ellis, Mike Waltonand Pete Stemkowskiwent on to help the Maple Leafs capture the Stanley Cupin 1967.
Toronto defeated the Montreal Jr. Canadiens and
Hamilton Red Wingsfor the OHA title, then eliminated the Thetford Mines Canadiens to capture the eastern Canadian championships. The Marlboros played the Port Arthur Marrsin the Memorial Cup series hosted at the Fort William Gardensin what is now the city of Thunder Bay, Ontario.
The Marlboros won the first two games by scores of 6 to 3, and 8 to 4. Port Arthur won the third game 6 to 4 in a heavily penalized match, including a bench brawl with one second left in the game. Toronto won the last two games by scores of 6 to 0, and 6 to 3 capturing its 5th Memorial Cup. In 1966-67, the Maple Leafs also won the Stanley Cup, the last year the two clubs would be national champions at the same time.
The Marlboros of 1972-73 lost only seven games in the regular season. The team was ranked # 1 in Canada going into the playoffs. Toronto eliminated the
St. Catharines Black Hawksand Ottawa 67'sbefore meeting the Peterborough Petesin the OHA finals.
The series versus the Petes went to a seventh game played at Maple Leaf Gardens in front of 16,485 spectators, a record at the time for junior hockey attendance. Toronto needed only a tie game to advance, and did so in dramatic fashion. Paulin Bordeleau scored on a penalty shot in the last minute to tie the game at 5 goals each.
After winning the OHA title, the Marlboros travelled to Memorial Cup hosted at the
Montreal Forumwhere their opponents would be the Québec Rempartsand the Medicine Hat Tigers, who were led by future NHL star Lanny McDonald.
The Marlies beat Quebec 5 to 2 in the first game, and lost 3 to 2 to the Tigers in the second game. The Remparts then beat the Tigers 8 to 3 in game three. Since each team had won a game, Toronto and Quebec played each other in the finals based on goals for and against. The Marlboros scored a 9 to 1 victory for their 6th Memorial Cup.
The 1975 playoff run for the Marlboros was complicated by Mark Napier and
John Tonellisigning professional contracts before the season ended. Tonelli would sit out all the Marlboros games after his 18th birthday so he would not the jeopardize playing for the Houston Aeros.
Toronto stumbled through the playoffs managing come-from-behind victories in series versus the 8th place
Kingston Canadiansand 5th place Sudbury Wolves. Both series went 8 games, and the Marlboros were a point away from being eliminated each time but stayed alive. The Marlboros then beat the Hamilton Fincupsin the finals for their last OHA championship. Toronto would face the New Westminster Bruins, and the Sherbrooke Castorsin the Memorial Cup series played at the Kitchener Memorial Auditorium Complex.
Toronto beat Sherbrooke 5 to 4 in overtime in game 1 after coming back from three goals down. The Bruins beat the Castors (Beavers in English) 7 to 5 in game two, defeated Toronto 6 to 2 in the third game to reach the finals. In a rematch versus the Castors in the semi-final, Toronto won 10 to 4 to reach the finals versus New Westminster.
The Marlboros continued their momentum in the finals winning 7 to 3, and capturing their seventh and final Memorial Cup championship. Coach Armstrong said it was all worth it, even after his team had tossed him into the hotel swimming pool during a victory party.
One of the most famous Maple Leafs and Marlboros of all time,
George Armstrong, coached the Marlboros to their final two Memorial Cup victories in 1972-73 and 1974-75.
Two Toronto Marlboros coached have been awarded the
Matt Leyden Trophyas the OHA Coach of the Year. They are George Armstrong 1972-73 in his first year, and Dave Chambers in 1979-80.
:"Partial list of Toronto Marlboros coaches."
Frank J. Selke
*1978-1979 Bill White
Until the NHL instituted the Entry Draft in 1967, the Maple Leafs relied heavily on the Jr. A. Marlboros to produce NHL players. Many players were part of Maple Leafs Stanley Cup winning teams. In total, 202 OHA Junior Marlboros went on to play in the National Hockey League.
Red Tilson Trophy
(Most Outstanding Player)
*"1949-50" - George Armstrong
*"1949-50" - Dave Gardner
Eddie Powers Memorial Trophy
*"1937-38" - Hank Goldup
*"1940-41" - Gaye Stewart
*"1971-72" - Billy Harris & Dave Gardner
*"1974-75" - Bruce Boudreau
Jim Mahon Memorial Trophy
(Top Scoring Right Winger)
*"1971-72" - Billy Harris
*"1974-75" - Mark Napier
Emms Family Award
(Rookie of the Year)
*"1979-80" - Bruce Dowie
Dave Pinkney Trophy
(Lowest Team GAA)
*"1949-50" - Don Lockhart
*"1950-51" - Don Lockhart
*"1951-52" - Don Head
*"1952-53" - John Henderson
*"1954-55" - John Albani
*"1955-56" - Jim Crockett
*"1956-67" - Len Broderick
*"1957-58" - Len Broderick
*"1972-73" - Mike Palmateer
Leo Lalonde Memorial Trophy
(Overage Player of the Year)
*"1986-87" - Mike Richard
Bobby Smith Trophy
(Scholastic Player of the Year)
*"1988-89" - Brian Collinson
Hockey Hall of Famers
Six players who played for the Marlboros and Maple Leafs have been inducted into the
Hockey Hall of Fame. They are George Armstrong, Charlie Conacher, Red Horner, Harvey Jackson, Joe Primeau, and Bob Pulford. Former Marlboros Brad Parkwas also inducted into the Hall of Fame as an NHL defenceman, and Carl Vosswas inducted as a builder.
Charles "Chuck" Blair
Frank "Buzz" Boll
*Billy Harris b.1935
*Billy Harris b.1952
Robert (Bob) "Red" Heron
*Harvey "Busher" Jackson
Bill McCreary Jr.
Donald "Sandy" McGregor
Clare "Rags" Raglan
:"Standings prior to 1937 currently unavailable."
"Complete records prior to 1960 are unavailable."
*1960-61 Out of playoffs.
*1961-62 Defeated Brampton 7Ups 8 points to 2 in Metro League semi-finals.
Lost to St. Michael's Majors 8 points to 6 in Metro League finals.
*1962-63 Defeated Whitby Dunlops 8 points to 2 in Metro League semi-finals.
Lost to Neil McNeil Maroons 8 points to 4 in Metro League finals.
*1963-64 Defeated Niagara Falls Flyers 8 points to 0 in quarter-finals.
Received bye through semi-finals.
Defeated Montreal Junior Canadiens 9 points to 1 in finals. OHA CHAMPIONS
Defeated Edmonton Oil Kings in Memorial Cup finals. "MEMORIAL CUP CHAMPIONS"
*1964-65 Defeated Montreal Junior Canadiens 9 points to 7 in quarter-finals.
Defeated Peterborough Petes 9 points to 7 in semi-finals.
Lost to Niagara Falls Flyers 8 points to 2 in finals.
*1965-66 Defeated Peterborough Petes 8 points to 4 in quarter-finals.
Lost to Kitchener Rangers 9 points to 7 in semi-finals.
*1966-67 Defeated Montreal Junior Canadiens 8 points to 4 in quarter-finals.
Defeated Kitchener Rangers 9 points to 5 in semi-finals.
Defeated Hamilton Red Wings 8 points to 0 in finals. OHA CHAMPIONS
Defeated Port Arthur Marrs in Memorial Cup final. "MEMORIAL CUP CHAMPIONS"
*1967-68 Lost to Kitchener Rangers 8 points to 2 in quarter-finals.
*1968-69 Lost to St. Catharines Black Hawks 8 points to 4 in quarter-finals.
*1969-70 Defeated Oshawa Generals 8 points to 0 in quarter-finals.
Defeated London Knights 9 points to 3 in semi-finals.
Lost to Montreal Junior Canadiens 8 points to 6 in finals.
*1970-71 Defeated Peterborough Petes 8 points to 0 in quarter-finals.
Defeated Ottawa 67's 8 points to 0 in semi-finals.
Lost to St. Catharines Black Hawks 8 points to 0 in finals.
*1971-72 Defeated Kitchener Rangers 8 points to 2 in quarter-finals.
Lost to Peterborough Petes 8 points to 2 in semi-finals.
*1972-73 Defeated St. Catharines Black Hawks 8 points to 0 in quarter-finals.
Defeated Ottawa 67's 8 points to 0 in semi-finals.
Defeated Peterborough Petes 8 points to 6 in finals. OHA CHAMPIONS
Finished Memorial Cup round-robin in first place based on goal differential.
Defeated Quebec Remparts 9-1 in final game. "MEMORIAL CUP CHAMPIONS"
*1973-74 Defeated London Knights 9 points to 1 in quarter-finals.
Lost to St. Catharines Black Hawks 8 points to 0 in semi-finals.
*1974-75 Defeated Kingston Canadians 9 points to 7 in quarter-finals.
Defeated Sudbury Wolves 9 points to 7 in semi-finals.
Defeated Hamilton Fincups 8 points to 6 in finals. OHA CHAMPIONS
Finish Memorial Cup round-robin in second place.
Defeated Sherbrooke Castros 6-2 in semi-final game.
Defeated New Westminster Bruins 10-4 in final game. "MEMORIAL CUP CHAMPIONS"
*1975-76 Defeated London Knights 8 points to 2 in quarter-finals.
Lost to Hamilton Fincups 9 points to 1 in semi-finals.
*1976-77 Lost to London Knights 4 games to 1 with 1 tie in quarter-finals.
*1977-78 Lost to Kitchener Rangers 6 points to 4 in first round.
*1978-79 Lost to Kitchener Rangers 6 points to 0 in first round.
*1979-80 Lost to Brantford Alexanders 4 games to 0 in quarter-finals.
*1980-81 Lost to Niagara Falls Flyers 3 games to 2 in division quarter-finals.
*1981-82 Defeated Cornwall Royals 6 points to 4 in first round.
Lost to Ottawa 67's 8 points to 2 in quarter-finals.
*1982-83 Lost to Cornwall Royals 7 points to 1 in first round.
*1983-84 Earned first round bye. 2nd in Leyden division.
Defeated Peterborough Petes 8 points to 2 in quarter-finals.
Lost to Ottawa 67's 8 points to 0 in semi-finals.
*1984-85 Lost to Cornwall Royals 8 points to 2 in first round.
*1985-86 Lost to Peterborough Petes 8 points to 0 in first round.
*1986-87 Out of playoffs.
*1987-88 Lost to Peterborough Petes 4 games to 0 in first round.
*1988-89 Lost to Cornwall Royals 4 games to 2 in first round.
Uniforms and logos
In 1903 club secretary Fred Waghorne wrote to the Duke of Marlborough in England for permission to use the storied name and crest. In choosing its logo the club took the Marlborough family crown and added the initials A.C. for Athletic Club.
The Toronto Marlboros used the same colour scheme as the NHL Toronto Maple Leafs from 1927 when the two club came under common ownership. The Marlborough crown was originally displayed by itself on the jersey chest. It wasn't until the late 1950s that the crown was set against the present day Maple Leaf.
:"Note: The inset logo is that of the Markham Waxers (see the "MW" on the crown in place of the "AC"). The logo is displayed only to show the Marlborough Crown set against the old style Maple Leaf, similar to that used by the Jr. A team in the 1950s."
In the beginning both the Toronto Maple Leafs and the Marlboros practiced and were headquartered out of the old Ravina Gardens in Toronto's west end. in 1927 both teams started playing their home games were played downtown at the
Mutual Street Arena.
Maple Leaf Gardensopened up for business and the Marlboros had a new home again. In 1964 the Marlboros won the Memorial Cup on home ice, the same year the Toronto Maple Leafs won the Stanley Cup on home ice.
The Marlboros occasionally also played games in the 1970s at the
North York Centennial Centreand the Markham Centennial Centrewhen Maple Leaf Gardens was unavailable, usually due to scheduling conflicts at MLG with both the Toronto Maple Leafsand also the Toronto Torosof the WHA. They also played part of their home schedule in the 1976-77 season in Brantford, Ontarioout of the Brantford Civic Centre.
* [http://www.sfo.com/~csuppes/NHL/misc/index.htm Mutual Street Arena] - History of arena
* [http://www.tmlfever.com/MUTUALSTREETARENA.html Mutual Street Arena] - History with pictures
* [http://hockey.ballparks.com/NHL/TorontoMapleLeafs/index.htm Maple Leaf Gardens] - Ballparks.com
* [http://www.ohlarenaguide.com/mlg.htm Maple Leaf Gardens] - The OHL Arena & Travel Guide
* [http://www.ohlarenaguide.com/northyork.htm North York Centennial Centre] - The OHL Arena & Travel Guide
* [http://www.ohlarenaguide.com/markham.htm Markham Centennial Centre] - The OHL Arena & Travel Guide
The Marlboros today
The Toronto Marlboros Hockey Club operates minor hockey teams in the city of
Toronto, Ontario. This club operated independently to the former OHA Junior 'A' team. After the Junior 'A' team left for Hamilton, the late Toronto Maple Leafsowner Harold Ballardgranted permission for the Minor Marlboros to retain and carry on the Marlborough name. Three years later in the fall of 1992 the Marlboros combined their fabled crest with the current NHL Maple Leafs' uniform. The Minor Marlboros celebrated their 75th anniversary in 2005-2006.
NHL alumni of the Minor Marlboros include,
Sam Gagner, Ron Handy, Mike Hough, Peter Ing, Chris Kelly, Nathan LaFayette, Rick Nash, Mike Ricci, Jason Spezza, Brian Wilksand Wojtek Wolski. Another notable player includes current John Tavares.
* [http://www.torontomarlboros.com Minor Marlboros] Official web site.
Toronto Marlies(AHL affiliate of the Toronto Maple Leafs)
* [http://www.torontomarlies.com AHL Marlies] Official web site.
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