- Rhodri the Great
Rhodri the Great (in Welsh, Rhodri Mawr; occasionally in English, Roderick the Great) (c. 820–878) was the first ruler of
Walesto be called 'Great', and the first to rule most of present-day Wales. He was called King of the Britonsby the " Annals of Ulster."
Lineage & inheritance
When his uncle
Cyngen ap Cadellruler of Powysdied on a pilgrimageto Romein 855 Rhodri inherited Powys. In 872 Gwgon, ruler of Seisyllwgin southern Wales, was accidentally drowned, and Rhodri added his Kingdom to his domains by virtue of his marriage to Angharad, Gwgon's sister. This made him the ruler of the larger part of Wales.
Resistance against Danes
Rhodri faced pressure both from the English and increasingly from the
Danes, who were recorded as ravaging Angleseyin 854. In 856 Rhodri won a notable victory over the Danes, killing their leader Gorm(sometimes given as Horm). Two poems by Sedulius Scotuswritten at the court of Charles the Bald, King of the Western Franks, celebrate the victory of "Roricus" over the Norsemen.
In 877 Rhodri fought another battle against the Norse invaders on Anglesey, this time being forced to flee to
Defeat and death
On his return the following year, he and his son Gwriad were said to have been killed by the English under Alfred the Great, though the precise manner of his death is unknown. When his son,
Anarawd ap Rhodriwon a victory over the Mercians a few years later, it was hailed in the annals as "God's vengeance for Rhodri".
Cadell ap Rhodriconquered Dyfed, which was later joined with Seisyllwgby Rhodri's grandson Hywel Ddato become Deheubarth. Like his grandfather, Hywel would come to rule most of Wales.
* [http://www.britainexpress.com/wales/history/rhodri.htm Rhodri the Great]
* [http://www.castlewales.com/rhodri.html Rhodri Mawr - King of Wales]
Nora K. Chadwick|title=Celtic Britain |publisher=Thames and Hudson|year=1963
John Edward Lloyd|title=A history of Wales: from the earliest times to the Edwardian conquest |publisher=Longmans, Green & Co.|year=1911
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