Neuropsychological assessment

Neuropsychological assessment

Neuropsychological assessment was traditionally carried out to assess the extent of impairment to a particular skill and to attempt to locate an area of the brain which may have been damaged after brain injury or neurological illness. With the advent of neuroimaging techniques, location of space-occupying lesions can now be accurately determined so the focus has now moved on to the measurement of cognition and behaviour, including examining the effects of any brain injury or neuropathological process that a person may have experienced. A core part of neuropsychological assessment is the administration of neuropsychological tests for the formal assessment of cognitive functioning. Aspects of cognitive functioning that are assessed typically include orientation, new-learning/memory, intelligence, language, visuoperception, and executive-functioning. However, clinical neuropsychological assessment is more than this and also focuses on a person's psychological, personal, interpersonal and wider contextual circumstances.

Assessment may be carried out for a variety of reasons, such as:

  • Clinical evaluation, to understand the pattern of cognitive strengths as well as any difficulties a person may have, and to aid decision making for use in a medical or rehabilitation environment.
  • Scientific investigation, to examine an hypothesis about the structure and function of cognition to be tested, or to provide information that allows experimental testing to be seen in context of a wider cognitive profile.
  • Medico-legal assessment, to be used in a court of law as evidence in a legal claim or criminal investigation.

Miller[1] outlined three broad goals of neuropsychological assessment. Firstly, diagnosis, to determine the nature of the underlying problem. Secondly, to understand the nature of any brain injury or resulting cognitive problem (see neurocognitive deficit) and its impact on the individual, as a means of devising a rehabilitation programme or offering advice as to an individual's ability to carry out a certain tasks (for example, fitness to drive, or returning to work). And lastly, assessments may be undertaken to measure change in functioning over time, such as to determine the consequences of a surgical procedure or the impact of a rehabilitation programme over time.

See also


  1. ^ Miller, E. (1992) Some basic principles of neuropsychological assessment. In J.R. Crawford, D.M. Parker, W.M. McKinlay (eds) A handbook of neuropsychological assessment. Hove: Laurence Erlbaum Associates. ISBN 0-86377-274-9

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Computerized neuropsychological assessment — helps neuropsychologists and psychologists to assess functions relative to possible brain damage using a software. For more information about the tests, see Neuropsychological tests. Contents 1 Available packages 2 Computerized versus Traditional …   Wikipedia

  • Dean-Woodcock Neuropsychological Assessment System — The Dean Woodcock Neuropsychological Assessment System (DWNAS) provides a standardized procedure for assessing an individual’s sensory, motor, emotional, cognitive, and academic functioning for both English and Spanish speakers, based on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Нейропсихологическая оценка (neuropsychological assessment) — Н. о. это оценка разнообразных психол. функций, контролируемых головным мозгом. Подобно всем видам психол. оценки, Н. о. представляет собой процесс поиска ответов на клинические вопросы и реагирования на уникальные клинические ситуации,… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Neuropsychological test — Diagnostics MeSH D009483 …   Wikipedia

  • Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery — /hawl sted ruy tan/ a group of tests used in the neuropsychological assessment of cognitive functions, as attention, memory, or the ability to make abstractions. [after U.S. neuropsychologists Ward C. Halstead (1908 69) and Ralph M. Reitan (born… …   Universalium

  • Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery — /hawl sted ruy tan/ a group of tests used in the neuropsychological assessment of cognitive functions, as attention, memory, or the ability to make abstractions. [after U.S. neuropsychologists Ward C. Halstead (1908 69) and Ralph M. Reitan (born… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Montreal Cognitive Assessment — The Montreal Cognitive Assessment, MoCA, was created in 1996 (Copyright: Dr Z. Nasreddine) in Montreal, Canada. It was validated in the setting of mild cognitive impairment, and has subsequently been adopted in numerous other settings clinically …   Wikipedia

  • Computer-based assessment — A Computer Based Assessment (CBA), also known as Computer Based Testing (CBT), e assessment, computerized testing and computer administered testing, is a method of administering tests in which the responses are electronically recorded, assessed,… …   Wikipedia

  • Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children — The Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K ABC) is a clinical instrument for assessing cognitive development. Its construction incorporates several recent developments in both psychological theory and statistical methodology. The K ABC also… …   Wikipedia

  • Raymond Dean — (born September 24, 1946 in New York) is the George and Frances Ball Distinguished Professor of Neuropsychology and professor of psychology at Ball State University. Early history His interest in Neuropsychology was evident during studies at the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.