- Savage Model 110
name=Savage Arms Model 110
caption=Model 110 GXP3
designer=Nicolas L. Brewer
production_date= January 1958 to present
variants= 10/110FP "Law Enforcement", 11/111 "Hunter", 12 "Varmint", 14/114 "Classic", 16/116 "Weather Warrior", 210 "Slug Warrior"
weight=Varies with model, ~7 lbs. (Model 111G)
part_length= 20-26 inches (508-660 mm)
feed=2-4 rounds, internal or detachable box magazine, single feed
sights=None included; Drilled and tapped for scope mounts|The Savage Model 110 is a repeating bolt action rifle that was developed by
Savage Armsof Westfield, Massachusetts. The Model 110 was designed by Nicholas L. Brewer in 1958 and was patented posthumously in 1963. It has been in continuous production since that time,and with the closing of Winchester's New Haven, Connecticut plant in 2007, the Model 110 has passed the Winchester Model 70 as the oldest continuously manufactured bolt action rifle in America. The Model 110 has competed directly with other popular designs such as the Remington Model 700, Ruger M77, and Winchester Model 70. The Model 110 is well known for its accuracy, reliability, and inexpensive price.
The Model 110 was developed in order to provide the hunting market with a strong and powerful yet light and economical rifle. Its model number is derived from its initial retail price of $109.95. It was originally produced in
.30-06 Springfieldand .270 Winchester. In 1959 a short action version was introduced, chambered in .243 Winchesterand .308 Winchesterand at that same time, the Model 110 was the first commercial bolt action rifle to be offered with a left-handed bolt. [Greenleaf, Bob; [http://www.savageshooters.com/Pages/Savage_Model110.html The Savage Model 110 Rifle] , Precision Shooting Magazine, July 1997]
The Model 110 was significantly altered in 1966 in order to improve the design and reduce production costs. This included a new adjustable trigger and a new bolt including a plunger-type ejector passing through the bolt face rather than the magazine-mounted, spring-loaded ejector that was part of Brewer's original design. This new ejector allowed the use of a detachable box magazine, which was also introduced in 1966, along with a hinged floorplate model.
When Savage Arms filed for bankruptcy protection in 1988, the company cut its entire product line down to only the most basic Model 110 rifles. The design has since succeeded in bringing the company back to life as one of the top-selling bolt action rifle makers in the United States.
In 1998, Savage re-engineered the short action Model 110 and adopted a new model numbering scheme to differentiate short action models from the long actions. Thus, the short action Model 110 became the Model 10, while the long action model remained the Model 110. The Model 110 is the basis for the entire line Savage
centerfirebolt action rifles, including the Models 11/111, 12, 14/114, 16/116, and Model 210 bolt action shotgunas well as the Stevens model 200. The series is available in a wide array of chamberings, from .204 Rugerto .338 Winchester Magnum, in order to suit the needs of almost any hunter.
Addressing concerns about what was considered by many to be a weak point of the design, Savage introduced the AccuTrigger for the 110 series in 2003. Now the trigger of all 110 series rifles is totally safe and adjustable by the end user, through the turning of a single screw, offering a pull weight from one-and-a-half to six pounds. Target and select Varmint model rifles are adjustable down to six ounces. [Metcalf, Dick; [http://www.shootingtimes.com/longgun_reviews/savage_0813/ Innovative, Remarkable, Reliable... Getting Inside Savage's AccuTrigger] , Shooting Times Magazine, 2003] [ [http://www.savagearms.com/images/pdf/catalogs/SavageCatalog2007.pdf Savage Arms 2007 Catalog] ]
The Model 110 was designed to be economical from the start. Thus, many smaller parts are made from investment castings and steel stampings. However, the action and barrel are made from forged steel bar stock. The barrel is threaded into to the receiver and fixed via a large locknut located just ahead of the receiver, with a recoil lug sandwiched between the two. This system allows barrels to be changed or
headspaceto be adjusted relatively easily, making for an extremely accurate yet inexpensive rifle.
The bolt is an easily-manufactured assembly, consisting of a tube with a rotating forward baffle and the bolt head (with locking lugs) at one end, a removable handle attached via a threaded bolt and a rotating rear baffle at the rear of the assembly, and a striker assembly held within. Due to both the receiver and bolt designs, the rifle is relatively simple to produce with a left-handed bolt, making it a popular choice among budget-minded
southpaws. The bolt head of the Model 110 is of a "floating" design, meaning that a flat spring located behind the front baffle and bolt head assembly gives the assembly small measure of free movement lateral to the bore axis. This insures that the locking lugs have full contact against the receiver and headspace is held to a minimum every time the bolt is locked. This feature is a major factor contributing to the accuracy of the rifle. Also, the bolt head is a replaceable part. This means that if the user wishes to re-barrel the rifle for use with a different cartridge, the bolt head can also be changed to suit a new case head diameter. This allows for a much wider range of cartridge interchangeability at less expense. There are also two different types of bolt heads for the 110 series; a push feedtype (standard for the bulk of the 110 series) and a controlled round feedtype found on some magnum-chambered rifles. Each bolt head type includes a different means of cartridge ejection. Push feed bolt heads utilize a plunger-type ejector mounted in the bolt face, while the controlled round feed bolt heads have a relief cut for a receiver-mounted, spring-loaded folding ejector to pass through as the bolt is retracted.
The safety is a three-position type, mounted in an ambidextrous position on the receiver tang, behind the bolt. The forward position is fire, the middle position locks the trigger while allowing the bolt to be opened and the rifle unloaded, and the rear position locks both the trigger and the bolt. The bolt release lever is located on the right side of the action (on right-handed models) behind the ejection port. Pressing this lever down while pulling the unlocked bolt to the rear allows the bolt to be removed from the rifle for cleaning.
There are many different models of the 110 series designed for different purposes. The basic 11/111 "Hunter" (blued carbon steel) models, 16/116 "Weather Warrior" (stainless steel) models, and 10/110FP "Law Enforcement" models include inexpensive wooden or synthetic stocks in order to keep costs down. While the stocks provided with these models are certainly functional, many users have noted a substantial improvement in accuracy after installing a higher quality stock. Other models, such as the 14/114 "Classic" and many of the 12 "Varmint" and 10FP "Law Enforcement" models are offered with high-quality stocks from the manufacturer.
List of firearms
* [http://www.savagearms.com/ Savage Arms, Inc.]
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