- Paraguay River
The Paraguay River (Río Paraguay in Spanish, Rio Paraguai in Portuguese) is a major
riverin south central South America, running through Braziland Paraguayand running close to the border between Brazil and Boliviaas well as being the border between Paraguay and Argentina. It runs over a course of approximately 2,549 kilometers (1,584 miles) from its headwaters in the Brazilian state of Mato Grossoto its confluence with the Parana Rivernorth of Corrientes. Due to the shape of the country, Paraguay is located on the west side of the river in the north of that country (Brazil on the east), while in the south Paraguay is located on the east side of the river (with Argentina in the west).
The Paraguay is born south of
Diamantinoin Mato Grosso, Brazil. It follows a generally southwesterly course, passing through the Brazilian city of Cáceres. It then turns in a generally southward direction, flowing through the Pantanalwetlands, the city of Corumbá, and then running close to the Brazil-Bolivia border for a short distance. The river runs close to the border but is actually located within the Brazilian side.
From the city of Puerto Bahia Negra, Paraguay, the river forms the border between Paraguay and Brazil, flowing almost due south before the confluence with the
The Paraguay makes a long, gentle curve to the south-southeast before resuming a more south-southwest course, dividing the country of Paraguay into two distinct halves: the
Gran Chacoregion to the west, a largely uninhabited semi-arid region; and the eastern forested departments of the country, accounting for some 98% of the country's inhabitants. As such the river is considered perhaps the key geographical feature to the country with which it shares its name.
Some 400 kilometers after flowing through the middle of Paraguay, at the confluence with the
Pilcomayo Riverand passing the Paraguayan capital city, Asunción, the river forms the border with Argentina, flowing generally south-southwesterly for another 275 kilometers before it reaches its end, joining with the Parana River.
The River Paraguay is the second major river in the
Río de la Platawatershed, covering a vast area of land that includes major portions of northern Argentina, southern Brazil, Uruguay, parts of Bolivia and the entire country of Paraguay. Unlike many of the other great rivers of the Parana basin, the Paraguay has not been dammed for hydroelectricpower generation, and as such it is navigable for a considerable distance, second to the Amazon Riveronly in terms of navigable length on the continent. This makes it an important shipping and trade corridor, providing a much needed link to the Atlantic Oceanfor the otherwise landlockednations of Paraguay and Bolivia. It serves such important cities as Asunción and Concepción in Paraguay and Formosa in Argentina.
The river is also a source of commerce in the form of
fishingand providing irrigation for agriculturealong its route. It also serves as a way of life for a number of poor fishermen who live along its banks and make the majority of their income selling fish in local markets, as well as supplying a major source of sustenance for their families. This has created issues in large cities such as Asunción, where poverty stricken farmers from the country's interior have populated the river's banks in search of an easier lifestyle. Seasonal flooding of the river's banks forces many thousands of displaced residents to seek temporary shelter until the waters recede from their homes. The Paraguayan military has been forced to dedicate land on one of its reserves in the capital to emergency housing for these displaced citizens.
The Paraguay River is the primary waterway of the Pantanal Wetlands that encompass southern Brazil, northern Paraguay and parts of Bolivia. Although largely ignored by the international media in favor of more famous wetlands along the Amazon to the north, the Pantanal is actually the world's largest tropical wetlands ecosystem and is largely dependent upon waters provided by the Paraguay. Owing to its importance as a navigable waterway serving Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay it has also been the focus of commercial and industrial development in those nations.
1997the governments of the nations in the Río de la Plata basin proposed a bold plan under the Hidrovia Inter?Governmental Commission (CIH) agency to develop the rivers into an industrial waterway system to help reduce the costs of exporting goods from the area, in particular the soybeancrop that the area has embraced. The plan proposed constructing more hydroelectric dams along some of the waterways, along with a massive effort to restructure the navigable waterways - most notably the Paraguay - through dredging of the waterway, rock removal, and channel restructuring.
Studies indicated that the rechanneling of the Paraguay would have lowered the river levels by several feet and have a devastating impact on the Pantanal wetlands, but the member nations of the CIH were determined to go ahead with the plan. An effort by the Rios Vivos coalition to educate people on the effects of the project was successful in delaying the project, and the nations involved have agreed to reformulate their plan. The final plan is still uncertain, however, along with the final effect it will have on the Pantanal and the
ecologyof the entire Río de la Plata basin is currently undetermined. The controversy as to whether or not the project will have a disastrous effect on the ecology, as well as the potential economic gains, continues to this day.
* [http://www.chasque.apc.org/rmartine/hidrovia/ Hidrovia Website (Spanish)]
*"Drainage Plan Will Devastate S. American Rivers, Groups Say" [http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/07/0731_030731_tvhidrovia.html National Geographic News article, July 31, 2003]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Paraguay River — River, South America. The fifth largest river in South America, it is 1,584 mi (2,550 km) long and the principal tributary of the Paraná River. Rising in the Mato Grosso region of Brazil about 980 ft (300 m) above sea level, it crosses Paraguay… … Universalium
Paraguay River — river, CEN. South America; ab. 1,300 mi. long … Webster's Gazetteer
PARAGUAY RIVER — a South American river 1800 m. long, the chief tributary of the Paraná, rises in some lakes near Matto Grosso, Brazil, and flows southward through marshy country till it forms the boundary between Brazil and Bolivia, then traversing Paraguay,… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Paraguay River — … Useful english dictionary
Paraguay River City — Asuncion … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Novo River (Paraguay River) — Origin Mato Grosso do Sul state Basin countries Brazil The Novo River (Paraguay River) is a river of Mato Grosso do Sul state in southwestern Brazil. See also List of rivers of Mato Grosso do Sul Refer … Wikipedia
Paraguay — • One of the inland republics of South America Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Paraguay Paraguay † … Catholic encyclopedia
Paraguay (disambiguation) — Paraguay is a country in South America.Paraguay may also refer to:*Paraguay, Cuba *Paraguay River, a major river in south central South America *Paraguay Street, a street in Buenos Aires, Argentinaee also* … Wikipedia
River — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda River significa río en inglés. Así tenemos: Green River: río de los Estados Unidos de América Marne River: río de Australia River Trent: río del Reino Unido Esta palabra también puede referirse a: Álbumes musicales… … Wikipedia Español
Paraguay — Paraguayan, adj., n. /par euh gwuy , gway /; Sp. /pah rddah gwuy /, n. 1. a republic in central South America between Bolivia, Brazil, and Argentina. 5,651,634; 157,047 sq. mi. (406,750 sq. km). Cap.: Asunción. 2. a river in central South America … Universalium