- Casablanca Conference
The Casablanca Conference (codenamed SYMBOL) was held at the Anfa Hotel in
Casablanca, Morocco, then a French protectorate, from January 14to 24, 1943, to plan the European strategy of the Allies during World War II. Present were Franklin D. Rooseveltand Winston Churchill.
Joseph Stalinhad also been invited but declined to attend. General Charles de Gaullehad initially refused to come but changed his mind when Churchill threatened to recognize Henri Giraudas head of the Free French Forcesin his place. Giraud was also present at Casablanca, and there was notable tension between the two men during the talks.
The conference's Casablanca Declaration called for the Allies to seek the unconditional surrender of the Axis Powers. It also called for Allied aid to the Soviet Union in the invasion of
Sicilyand Italy, and the recognition of joint leadership of the Free French by de Gaulle and Giraud. All the terms were agreed upon. Roosevelt presented the results of the conference to the American people in a radio address on February 12, 1943. Also decided during the Casablanca Conference was that there would be no 'across channel invasion.' Instead of invading Europe across the English Channel, an invasion into Sicily and then Italy would take place.
Casablanca directiveAn Allied aerial bombing directive issued shortly after the Casablanca Conference.
Dumbarton Oaks Conference
References and Notes
*cite web |url=http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/wwii/casablan.htm |title=Casablanca Conference of 1943
*cite web |url=http://www.casablancaconference.com |title=Churchill, Roosevelt and the Casablanca Conference, January 1943
*cite web |url=http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/FRUS.FRUS1941-43 |title=United States Department of State Foreign relations of the United States. The Conferences at Washington, 1941-1942, and Casablanca, 1943
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CASABLANCA (CONFÉRENCE DE) — CASABLANCA CONFÉRENCE DE (1943) Conférence réunissant Roosevelt et Churchill, du 14 au 24 janvier 1943, dans une villa d’Anfa à huit kilomètres de Casablanca. Ces derniers auraient souhaité une rencontre à trois, mais Staline déclina l’invitation … Encyclopédie Universelle
Casablanca Conference — conference held between Winston Churchill and Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1943; conference on economic projects and development in the Middle East which took place in 1944 … English contemporary dictionary
Casablanca Conference — (Jan. 12–23, 1943) Meeting during World War II at Casablanca, Morocco, between Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. They planned future global military strategy for the Western allies, reaching agreement on such issues as the invasion of… … Universalium
Casablanca Conference, 1943 — President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first president to leave the United States in wartime and the first to visit Africa when he traveled to newly liberated Casablanca, Morocco, to meet the British prime minister Winston Churchill and… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
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Casablanca — /kas euh blang keuh, kah seuh blahng keuh/, n. a seaport in NW Morocco: wartime conference of Roosevelt and Churchill, January, 1943. 2,139,204. * * * Coastal city (pop., 1994: 2,940,623), western Morocco. It occupies the site of the ancient city … Universalium