- Rioni River
:"Phasis redirects here. For the
butterfly genus, see Phasis (butterfly)."
The Rioni River ( _ka. რიონი "Rioni") is the main
riverof western Georgia. It originates in the Caucasus Mountains, in the region of Rachaand flows west to the Black Sea. It enters the Black Seanorth of the city of Poti. The city of Kutaisi, once ancient city of Colchis, lies on its banks.
Known to the ancient Greeks as the Phasis River (Greek: Φάσις), it was first mentioned by
Hesiodin his "Theogony" (l.340); later writers like Apollonius Rhodius("Argonautica" 2.12.61), Virgil("Georgics" 4.367) and Aelius Aristides("Ad Romam" 82) considered it the easternmost limit of the navigableseas. Socrates, in "Phaedo" referred to the portion of the world he knew of as between the Pillars of Hercules and the River Phasis.
The name of the Pheasant is derived from this river, as it was in this region that the ancients first encountered the birds. [ [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/pheasant Dictionary.com - Pheasant] ]
*Concise Dictionary of English Etymology, Oxford University Press, T. F. Hoad, 1996.
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