- Sin (mythology)
Sin (Akkadian: Su'en, Sîn) or Nanna (Sumerian: DŠEŠ.KI, DNANNA) was the god of the moon in Mesopotamian mythology. Nanna is a Sumerian deity, the son of Enlil and Ninlil, and became identified with Semitic Sin. The two chief seats of Nanna's/Sin's worship were Ur in the south of Mesopotamia and Harran in the north.
The original meaning of the name Nanna is unknown. The earliest spelling found in Ur and Uruk is DLAK-32.NA (where NA is to be understood as a phonetic complement). The name of Ur, spelled LAK-32.UNUGKI=URIM2KI, is itself derived from the theonym, and means "the abode (UNUG) of Nanna (LAK-32)".
The pre-classical sign LAK-32 later collapses with ŠEŠ (the ideogram for "brother"), and the classical Sumerian spelling is DŠEŠ.KI, with the phonetic reading na-an-na. The technical term for the crescent moon could also refer to the deity, DU4.SAKAR. Later, the name is spelled logographically as DNANNA.
The Semitic moon god Su'en/Sin is in origin a separate deity from Sumerian Nanna, but from the Akkadian Empire period the two undergo syncretization and are identified. The occasional Assyrian spelling of DNANNA-ar DSu'en-e is due to association with Akkadian na-an-na-ru "illuminator, lamp", an epitheton of the moon god. The name of the Assyrian moon god Su'en/Sîn is usually spelled as DEN.ZU, or simply with the numeral 30, DXXX.
He is commonly designated as En-zu, which means "lord of wisdom". During the period (c.2600-2400 BC) that Ur exercised a large measure of supremacy over the Euphrates valley, Sin was naturally regarded as the head of the pantheon. It is to this period that we must trace such designations of Sin as "father of the gods", "chief of the gods", "creator of all things", and the like. The "wisdom" personified by the moon-god is likewise an expression of the science of astronomy or the practice of astrology, in which the observation of the moon's phases is an important factor.
His wife was Ningal ("Great Lady"), who bore him Utu/Shamash ("Sun") and Inanna/Ishtar (the goddess of the planet Venus). The tendency to centralize the powers of the universe leads to the establishment of the doctrine of a triad consisting of Sin/Nanna and his children.
Sin had a beard made of lapis lazuli and rode on a winged bull. The bull was one of his symbols, through his father, Enlil, "Bull of Heaven", along with the crescent and the tripod (which may be a lamp-stand). On cylinder seals, he is represented as an old man with a flowing beard and the crescent symbol. In the astral-theological system he is represented by the number 30 and the moon. This number probably refers to the average number of days (correctly around 29.53) in a lunar month, as measured between successive new moons.
An important Sumerian text ("Enlil and Ninlil") tells of the descent of Enlil and Ninlil, pregnant with Nanna/Suen, into the underworld. There, three "substitutions" are given to allow the ascent of Nanna/Suen. The story shows some similarities to the text known as "The Descent of Inanna".
Seats of worship
Nanna's chief sanctuary at Ur was named E-gish-shir-gal ("house of the great light"). It was at Ur that the role of the En Priestess developed. This was an extremely powerful role held by a princess, most notably Enheduanna, daughter of King Sargon of Akkad, and was the primary cult role associated with the cult of Nanna/Sin.
Sin also had a sanctuary at Harran, named E-khul-khul ("house of joys"). The cult of the moon-god spread to other centers, so that temples to him are found in all the large cities of Babylonia and Assyria. A sanctuary for Sin with Syriac inscriptions invoking his name dating to the 2nd and 3rd centuries CE was found at Sumatar Harabesi in the Tektek mountains, not far from Harran and Edessa.
An • Apsu • Anshar • Enki • Enlil • Isinu • Nammu • Antu • Ninki • Zu • Ninhursag • Ereshkigal • Hubishag • Ishtar • Kingu • Nanna • Nebo • Nabu • Namtar • Nergal • Nidaba • Ningal • Ninisinna • Ninkas • Ninlil • Sin • Tiamat • Utu • Nusku • Utukku • Shamash • Dumuzi • Gilgamesh • Geshtinanna • Gugalanna • Huwawa • Enkidu • Inanna
- Tamara M. Green, The City of the Moon God: Religious Traditions of Harran. E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1992, 232 pages. ISBN 9004095136
- The Ur and Harran Latitudes, and Göbekli Tepe
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sin (disambiguation) — A sin is a morally wrong act. It may also refer to:Places*Sin (kingdom) former kingdom in modern Senegal, also known as Sine. *Şin, AzerbaijanComputer and Video games* Sin, the primary monster in the video game Final Fantasy X * SiN (video game) … Wikipedia
Sin — noun The god of the moon in Sumerian mythology. Syn: Nanna … Wiktionary
Sin — From Babylonian mythology, he is the Moon god. He has a beard of Lapis Lazuli, and rides a winged bull … The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology
Age of Mythology — Desarrolladora(s) Ensemble Studios Distribuidora(s) Versión Windows: Microsoft Game Studios Versión Mac: MacSoft Última versión 1.10 … Wikipedia Español
Age of Mythology: The Titans — Este juego es una expansión . Para comprender completamente este artículo, es recomendable que lea el artículo predecesor antes de continuar: Age of Mythology Age of Mythology: The Titans Expansion Desarrolladora(s) Ensemble Studios… … Wikipedia Español
Islamic mythology — is the body of traditional narratives associated with Islam from a mythographical perspective. Many Muslims believe that these narratives are historical and sacred and contain profound truths. These traditional narratives include, but are not… … Wikipedia
Mesopotamian mythology — is the collective name given to Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian, and Babylonian mythologies from the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Iraq.The Sumerians practiced a polytheistic religion, with anthropomorphic gods or goddesses… … Wikipedia
\@Vampire Mythology: Bibliography — [↑] @Vampire Mythology Abbott, George Frederick. Macedonian Folklore. Cambridge, MA: University Press, 1903. Abrahams, Roger D. The ManofWords in the West Indies: Performance and the Emergence of Creole Culture. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins… … Encyclopedia of vampire mythology
Chinese mythology — Nine Dragons handscroll section, by Chen Rong, 1244 CE, Chinese Song Dynasty, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Chinese mythology (中國神話) is a collection of cultural history, folktales, and religions that have been passed down in oral or written… … Wikipedia
Jesus Christ in comparative mythology — A series of articles on Jesus Christ and Christianity Gospel harmony … Wikipedia