Rail Accident Investigation Branch


Rail Accident Investigation Branch

Infobox Organization
name= Rail Accident Investigation Branch


size= 250px
formation= 17 October 2005
type= Government Agency
headquarters=
location= Derby and Woking,
United Kingdom
leader_title= Chief Inspector
leader_name= Carolyn Griffiths
num_staff= 54 (including 26 inspectors) http://www.dft.gov.uk/foi/responses/2005/may/raib/letterregardingtherailaccide2437]
budget= 2005-6 £5,044,000
website= [http://www.raib.gov.uk http://www.raib.gov.uk]
The Rail Accident Investigation Branch is a government agency that became operational on 17 October 2005. Its primary role is the investigation of rail accidents in the United Kingdom and the Channel Tunnel in order to find a cause, not to lay blame.

Creation and Remit

Before October 2005, railway accidents were investigated by Her Majesty's Railway Inspectorate, which in 1990 became part of the Health and Safety Executive but is now part of the Office of Rail Regulation and the British Transport Police (if there were grounds for suspecting the commission of a crime, which in some cases there were). Whilst the police must always be involved when there may have been a crime, the involvement of HMRI as the principal safety investigating agency attracted criticism on the grounds that the HSE might be investigating itself, if, for example, the HSE had approved a track layout or a signalling scheme which was later suspected to have been at fault.

The Cullen Report into the Ladbroke Grove rail crash in 1999 recommended the establishment of an accident investigation body within the Department for Transport along the same lines as the Marine Accident Investigation Branch and the Air Accident Investigation Branch, bodies which have distinguished themselves by their professionalism and objectivity.

So in 2003 Parliament legislated - in the Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003 - to create the RAIB as an independent body charged solely with establishing the facts of the case and assessing and evaluating causes, but not apportioning blame or esatblishing liability; nor does the RAIB enforce safety law or conduct prosecutions.

The RAIB also satisfies the government's duty under European Legislation ( [http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/lex/LexUriServ/site/en/oj/2004/l_220/l_22020040621en00160039.pdf European Railway Safety Directive 2004/49/EC] ) to provide an independent rail accident investigation body.

The RAIB has its remit laid down in law by the The Railways (Accident Investigation and Reporting) Regulations 2005, which principally require the branch to investigate any accident or dangerous occurrence that results in:


* The death of at least one person;
* Serious injury to five or more people; or
* Extensive damage to rolling stock, the infra-structure or the environment.

The RAIB has authority to investigate any accident that occurs on any of the following railway transport systems, but especially investigates those that may have implications for railway safety or those which "under slightly different circumstances, may have resulted in an accident. [http://www.raib.gov.uk/about_us/index.cfm#a5"] :


* The national railway networks in Great Britain and Northern Ireland;
* The Channel Tunnel (in co-operation with its equivalent operation in France);
* The London and Glasgow Underground systems, Midland Metro and other metro systems;
* Tramways
* Heritage railways (including narrow-gauge systems over 350mm gauge); and
* Cable-hauled systems of 1km or longer.

Chief Inspector

The head of the RAIB is Carolyn Griffiths, a railway engineer who has worked in the past in Singapore, Sweden and, in the mid-1990s, at the Office of Rail Regulation. The Deputy Chief Inspector is Andy Savage.

ee also

*Office of Rail Regulation
*Health and Safety Executive
*Air Accidents Investigation Branch
*Marine Accident Investigation Branch

References

External links

* [http://www.raib.gov.uk RAIB website]

Department for Transport (United Kingdom)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marine Accident Investigation Branch — The Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB) established in 1989 following the Herald of Free Enterprise disaster is a branch of the United Kingdom Department for Transport which can investigate any accident occurring in UK waters, regardless… …   Wikipedia

  • Waterfall rail accident — infobox AU rail accident title = Waterfall rail accident date = 31 January 2003 time = 7:15 am location = Waterfall, New South Wales location dist = 37 location dir = SW location city = Sydney line = Eastern Suburbs Illawarra railway line, Sydney …   Wikipedia

  • Newton, Massachusetts rail accident — For the accident in Scotland, see Newton (South Lanarkshire) rail accident. The Newton (Massachusetts) rail accident occurred on May 28, 2008, just after 6pm, when two trains collided on the Green Line D Branch between Woodland and Waban stations …   Wikipedia

  • Rail transport in Japan — is a major means of passenger transport, especially for mass and high speed travel between major cities and for commuter transport in metropolitan areas.OverviewSix Japan Railways Group (JR) companies, state owned until 1987, provide passenger… …   Wikipedia

  • Rail transport in Great Britain — The railway system in Great Britain is the oldest in the world. It consists of 21,000 miles of standard gauge track, of which 3062 is electrified. Historical overview The system was originally built as a patchwork of local rail links operated by… …   Wikipedia

  • Mendip Rail — The railhead at Torr Works Mendip Rail Ltd is an independent freight operating railway company in Great Britain. It is composed of the rail operation divisions of Aggregate Industries (formerly Foster Yeoman) and Hanson Aggregates (previously… …   Wikipedia

  • British Rail Class 66 — 66713 Forest City at Crewe Works Power type Diesel electric Builder Electro Motive Diesel Model …   Wikipedia

  • July 2007 in rail transport — Events July 1 July 7 ;July 1:* flagicon|Ghana ndash; Kampac Oil of Dubai, as consortium leader, is awarded a construction and operation contract for a new railway line in Ghana connecting Takoradi km to mi|800 to Hamile. The contract, valued at… …   Wikipedia

  • National Rail — For the Australian railway operator of the same name, see National Rail Corporation. Not to be confused with Network Rail. National Rail Type Public transport Owner ATOC …   Wikipedia

  • British Rail Class 455 — A Southwest Trains Class 455 at Clapham Junction The interior of a Sout …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.