- Japantown, Vancouver
Japantown, Little Yokohama, or Little Tokyo was a neighbourhood in
Vancouver, British Columbia, north of Chinatown, that had a concentration of Japanese immigrants. It was attacked on 7 September 1907 by the Asiatic Exclusion League, which smashed many windows in parts of Chinatown, and then moved on to Japantown. Japantown received warning of the attacks, and though residents resisted the Asiatic Exclusion League members, considerable damage was done. The centenary of these attacks was marked by a Riot Walk through Chinatown and Japantown on 7 September 2007. [http://www.anniversaries07.ca/1907riot.php 100th Anniversary of Anti-Asian Riots] , 2007 Anniversaries of Change.] [http://www.anniversaries07.ca/riot_walk.php 7 September 2007 Riot Walk] , 2007 Anniversaries of Change.]
World War IIwhen Japanese Canadians had their property confiscated and were interned (see Japanese Canadian internment), Japantown ceased to be a distinct Japanese ethnic area. Although some Japanese returned after the war, the community never revived. The area is now part of Vancouver's Downtown Eastside.
Along Powell Street, a few remnants of the former Japanese neighbourhood still exist. The Vancouver Buddhist Church, formerly the Japanese Methodist Church, still exists at 220 Jackson Street (at Powell). [http://www.vancouverbuddhistchurch.ca Vancouver Buddhist Church] .] So does the Vancouver Japanese Language School and Japanese Hall at 475 and 487 Alexander Street (at Jackson), which was established in 1906. [http://www.vjls-jh.com/en Vancouver Japanese Language School and Japanese Hall] .]
Until the boom in Japanese restaurants in the 1980s, two restaurants on Powell Street were among the only Japanese dining in the city.
Oppenheimer Parkin this area is the site for the annual two day Powell Street Festivalwhich began in 1977. [http://powellstreetfestival.com Powell Street Festival] , Powell Street Festival Society.] It is held every August, in the first weekend of the month, and is a community celebration of Japanese heritage as well as the alternative and street culture of the Downtown Eastside.
An upscale enclave of ethnic Japanese retailers and restaurants, New Japantown - more usually known as the Little Ginza - has developed on Alberni Street near
Burrard Streetin the slim boundary area between the West End and the Financial District in Downtown Vancouver.
The new enclave has been gaining momentum over the course of the last twenty years with an increasing number of high-end restaurants, dance clubs, karaoke bars, shops, and upscale boutiques. These venues are largely geared to the usual tourists that frequent the city as well as the travelling Japanese in search of "bargain"-priced designer goods (relative to prices in
Tokyoor Osaka), and for omiyage (obligatory gifts to be given on return to Japan).
* [http://www.jcnm.ca/resources.htm#timeline Japanese Canadian Timeline] from arrival of first Japanese person in 1877 (Japanese Canadian National Museum).
* [http://www.vjls-jh.com/en/node/21 History of Vancouver Japanese Language School and Japanese Hall] , established 1906.
* [http://www.vancouverbuddhistchurch.ca/history.php History of Vancouver Buddhist Church] , established 1906.
* [http://www.anniversaries07.ca/1907riot.php 100th Anniversary of Anti-Asian Riots] , 7 September 1907 (2007 Anniversaries of Change).
*2007 Riot Walk map guide: [http://www.anniversaries07.ca/images/riotmapa.jpgFirst] and [http://www.anniversaries07.ca/images/riotmapb.jpgsecond] (last) page (2007 Anniversaries of Change).
* [http://powellstreetfestival.com Powell Street Festival] , established 1977 (Powell Street Festival Society).
* [http://www.virtualvancouver.com/japantown.html Japantown and Powell Street] (Virtual Vancouver).
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