Timiş River

Timiş River

Geobox River
name =Timiş
Tamiš (Тамиш)
native_name =
other_name =
other_name1 =

image_size = 280
image_caption = The Tamiš river near Pančevo
country_type = Countries
state_type =
region_type =
district_type = Counties
city_type = Villages
country = Romania (Caraş-Severin County, Timiş County)
Serbia (Vojvodina Province)
country1 =
state =
state1 =
region =
region1 =
district =
district1 =
city =
city1 =
length = 339.8
watershed = 13085
discharge_location = *
discharge = 47
discharge_max =
discharge_min =
discharge1_location =
discharge1 =
source_name =
source_location = Semenic Mountains,
Junction of headwaters Brebu,
Grădiştea and Semenic in Lake Trei Ape.
source_district =
source_region =
source_state =
source_country = Romania
source_lat_d =
source_lat_m =
source_lat_s =
source_lat_NS =
source_long_d =
source_long_m =
source_long_s =
source_long_EW =
source_elevation =
source_length =
mouth_name = Danube near Pančevo, Serbia
mouth_location =
mouth_district =
mouth_region =
mouth_state =
mouth_country =
mouth_lat_d =
mouth_lat_m =
mouth_lat_s =
mouth_lat_NS =
mouth_long_d =
mouth_long_m =
mouth_long_s =
mouth_long_EW =
mouth_elevation =
tributary_left = Brebu,
Valea Mare,
Vâna Mare,
Timişul Mort,
Lanca Birda,
tributary_left1 =
tributary_right = Grădişte,
Râul Rece (Hideg),
Pietrele Albe,
Râul Lung,
Groapa Copacului,
Valea Mare,
tributary_right1 =
free =
free_type = Official River Code

map_size =
map_caption =

The Timiş or Tamiš ( _ro. Timiş; Serbian: Тамиш or "Tamiš"; German: "Temesch"; Hungarian: "Temes") is a 359 km long river rising in the Semenic Mountains, southern Carpathian Mountains, Caraş-Severin County, Romania. It flows through the Banat region and flows into the Danube near Pančevo, in northern Serbia.


In Antiquity, the river was known as "Tibiscus" and "Tibisis".


Drainage area covers 13.085 km² (in Romania 8.085 km², in Serbia 5.000 km²). Through Danube, it belongs to the Black Sea drainage basin.

The river starts at the junction of headwaters Brebu,
Grădiştea and Semenic in Lake Trei Ape.After entering Banat, the river becomes slow and meandering, causing floods in rainy years. Especially devastating were the floods of 2005, when the villages Boka and Jaša Tomić were badly damaged. On April 20, 2005, a level of 844 centimeters was recorded, the highest ever since the measurements began. In the spring of 2007 works on the elevation of the embankments on the both sides of the river began, 11,5 kilometers on the right and 13,2 kilometers on the left bank. The embankments will be 30 to 70 centimeters higher than they are now and being higher than 8,5 meters should prevent any future floodings. [Politika daily, May 5, 2007, page 08]

In its lower course, the river is regulated, and for the last 53 km it is navigable. Most important port is heavily industrialized Pančevo. In some parts of the low, marshy areas created by the floods, several huge fishponds are created, most notably being Banatski Despotovac, Uzdin, Sakule and Slatina.


The river flows through Romania for 241 km, receiving on its course many smaller tributaries: Râul Rece, Slatina, Valea Mare, Măcicaş River, Pârâul Lung, Armeniş River, Sebeş, Bistra, Şurgani River, Timişana, Pogăniş River, Timişul Mort River and Vena Mare. In its 118 km course through Serbia it has only one tributary, albeit the longest one, Brzava.



Major cities in its Romanian course are Caransebeş and Lugoj, smaller places include:
*Sadova Veche
*Valea Timişului
*Constantin Daicoviciu)
*Crai Nou, TimişCrai Nou

One of the major Romanian cities, Timişoara, even though its name indicates it, is not settled on the river, but on another Romanian-Serbian river, Bega.


*Jaša Tomić
*Banatski Despotovac

Pančevački Rit

The river's old mouth into the Danube was some 40 km to the north-west, between villages of Čenta and Surduk, thus it was shorter. Canal Karaš (Cyrillic: Караш) remained marking old river bed, and the area bounded by the old and new river beds and the Danube, is called Pančevački Rit (Marches of Pančevo, Cyrillic: Панчевачки Рит). The 400 km² large wetland was constantly flooded, but since World War II it has been drained part by part and almost half of it is turned into a very fertile patch of land, suitable especially for cultivating grains and vegetables. It is managed by Serbian largest agricultural company, "PKB Beograd", which almost exclusively provides food for 2 million people in wider Belgrade area, thus Pančevački Rit is commonly nicknamed Granary of Belgrade. Stockbreeding is also very intensive, and so are fishery and hunting.

Many meandering canals and bogs remained in the marsh: slow streams of Vizelj, Dunavac, Sibnica, Butuš, Rogoznica, Buk, Belanoš and Sebeš, and large bogs of Reva, Veliko Blato (2 km²), Sebeš and Široka bara. In the south, area ends with a river island (ada) Kožara (0,44 km²).

After being almost uninhabited before 1945, today its population density is above average for Serbia as a whole, since some of the fastest growing suburbs of Belgrade (Borča, Padinska Skela and Krnjača) are built there. The whole area of Pančevački Rit belongs administratively to Belgrade's municipality of Palilula.


General references

* "Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija", Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
* Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): "Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije"; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
* Administraţia Naţională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - Bucureşti
* Institutul de Meteorologie şi Hidrologie - Rîurile României - Bucureşti 1971
* Trasee turistice - judeţul Timiş [http://www.e-calauza.ro/index.php?afiseaza=trasee-turistice-timis]


* Harta judeţului Timiş [http://www.harta-turistica.ro/map.php?ID=39&harta=Judetul%20Timis]
* Harta Munţii Poiana Rusca [http://harti.mielu.ro/poiana_rusca.html]
* Harta Munţii Ţarcu/Muntele Mic [http://harti.mielu.ro/tarcu_mic.html]
* Harta Judeţului Caraş-Severin [http://www.harta-turistica.ro/map.php?ID=29&harta=Judetul%20Caras%20Severin]


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