Leningrad Affair


Leningrad Affair

The Leningrad Affair, or Leningrad case ("Ленинградское дело" in Russian, or Leningradskoye delo), was a series of "criminal" cases fabricated in the late 1940s–early 1950s in order to accuse a number of prominent members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union of "treason" and "intention" to create an anti-Soviet organization out of the Leningrad Party cell. [Dmitri Volkogonov, "Stalin: Triumph and Tragedy", 1996, ISBN 0761507183]

In January 1949 Pyotr Popkov, Aleksei Kuznetsov and Nikolai Voznesensky organized a Leningrad Trade Fair to boost the post-war economy and support the survivors of the Siege of Leningrad with goods and services from all over the Soviet Union. Joseph Stalin became paranoid about the rise of his competitors, so Stalin's army of lawyers and politicians fabricated a series of accusations to destroy them. [Edvard Radzinsky, "Stalin: The First In-depth Biography Based on Explosive New Documents from Russia's Secret Archives", 1997, ISBN 0385479549]

The Leningrad Trade Fair of 1949 was attacked by the Soviet official propaganda as part of a series of well-prepared attacks [ [http://www.akhmatova.org/articles/kostyrchenko.htm Malenkov against Zhdanov. Games of Stalin's favorites.] ru icon] , and was falsely portrayed as a scheme to use the federal budget from Moscow for business developments in Leningrad. Although the budget and economics of such a trade fair were normal and legitimate with full approval of the State Planning and the Government of the USSR, the aging Stalin maintained his rigid and restrictive dictatorship which did not allow any economic or political competition. [ [http://www.contr-tv.ru/print/1608/ The "Leningrad Affair"] ru icon]

As a result, in 1950, Nikolai Voznesensky, Mikhail Rodionov, Aleksei Kuznetsov, Pyotr Popkov, Ya. F. Kapustin and P. G. Lazutin [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/leningrad_betrayal_04.shtml "Stalin and the Betrayal of Leningrad" by John Barber] ] were sentenced to death on false accusations of embezzlement of the Soviet State budget for "unapproved business in Leningrad", which was labeled as anti-Soviet treason. They were swiftly killed by gunshots to their heads, for which measure Stalin's communist government reinstated the death penalty in the Soviet Union. The rest of the "accomplices" were sentenced to different prison terms. About 2,000 of Leningrad's most valuable figures were removed from leadership positions and over 200 of them were repressed, together with their relatives. Respected intellectuals, scientists, writers and educators, many of whom were pillars of the city's community, were exiled or imprisoned, and eventually exterminated in the Gulag prison camps. Hard repressions were imposed also on top intellectuals, such as Nikolai Punin, who expressed his dislike of the Soviet propaganda and thousands of Lenin's portraits. ["The Diaries of Nikolay Punin: 1904-1953". University of Texas Press (1999) ISBN 0292765894]

Simultaneously, the Soviet authorities replaced all communist party and administrative leadership in Leningrad by transplanting thousands of communists loyal to Stalin.

It has been speculated that the motivation behind the cases was Stalin's fear of competition from the younger and popular Leningrad leaders - who had been fêted as heroes following the city's siege. Stalin's paranoia was combined with his deep distrust of anyone from St. Petersburg/Leningrad from the time of Stalin's involvement in the Russian Revolution, Russian Civil War, execution of Zinoviev and the Right Opposition. [ [http://www.krugosvet.ru/articles/97/1009726/1009726a1.htm "The Affair of Leningrad Centre..."] , from Russian Encyclopedia Krugosvet ru icon]

All of the accused and executed were later rehabilitated during the Khrushchev Thaw, many of them . [William Taubman, "Khrushchev: The Man and His Era", London: Free Press, 2004]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leningrad Affair — ▪ Soviet history       (1948–50), in the history of the Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), a sudden and sweeping purge of Communist Party and government officials in Leningrad and the surrounding region. The purge occurred… …   Universalium

  • Nazino affair — Map of the Nazino area The Nazino affair was the mass deportation of 6,000 people, 4,000 of whom died, on Nazino Island (Russian: Остров Назино) in the Soviet Union in 1933. The small, isolated Western Siberian island is located about 800 km… …   Wikipedia

  • Siege of Leningrad — Part of the Eastern Front of World War II Diorama of the Siege of Le …   Wikipedia

  • Mingrelian Affair — The Mingrelian Affair, or Mingrelian Case (Russian: Мингрельское дело, mingrel’skoe delo; Georgian: მეგრელთა საქმე, megrelt’a sak’me) was a series of criminal cases fabricated in 1951 and 1952 in order to accuse several members of the Georgian… …   Wikipedia

  • Dymshits–Kuznetsov hijacking affair — The Dymshits–Kuznetsov aircraft hijacking affair (Russian: Ленинградское самолётное дело, or Дело группы Дымшица Кузнецова) (Leningrad Process) was an attempt to hijack a civilian aircraft on 15 June 1970 by a group of Soviet refuseniks in order… …   Wikipedia

  • Dymshits-Kuznetsov hijacking affair — Dymshits Kuznetsov aircraft hijacking affair ( ru. Ленинградское самолётное дело, or Дело группы Дымшица Кузнецова) Or The Leningrad Process was an attempt to hijack a civilian aircraft on May 15, 1970 by a group of Soviet refuseniks in order to… …   Wikipedia

  • Bogdanov Affair — Infobox Person name = Igor and Grichka Bogdanov birth date = birth date and age|1949|8|29 birth place = Saint Lary, Gers, FranceThe Bogdanov Affair is an academic dispute regarding the legitimacy of a series of theoretical physics papers written… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Petersburg — Leningrad redirects here. For other uses, see Leningrad (disambiguation). This article is about the city in Russia. For other uses, see Saint Petersburg (disambiguation). Saint Petersburg Санкт Петербург (Russian)   Federal …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Petersburg State University — Leningrad State University redirects here. For the present day university known under the same name, see Leningrad State University named after Pushkin. Saint Petersburg State University Санкт Петербургский государственный университет Arms of the …   Wikipedia

  • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics — a former federal union of 15 constituent republics, in E Europe and W and N Asia, comprising the larger part of the former Russian Empire: dissolved in December 1991. 8,650,069 sq. mi. (22,402,200 sq. km). Cap.: Moscow. Also called Russia, Soviet …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.