Defeatism is acceptance of defeat without struggle. In everyday use, defeatism has negative connotation and is often linked to treason and pessimism, or even a hopeless situation such as a Catch-22. The term is commonly used in the context of war: a soldier can be a defeatist if he or she refuses to fight because he or she thinks that the fight will be lost for sure or that it is not worth fighting for some other reason. Again in connection with war, the term is used to refer to the view that defeat would be better than victory. The term can also be used in other fields, like politics, sport, psychology and philosophy.
Revolutionary Defeatism is a concept made most prominent by Vladimir Lenin in World War I. It is based on the Marxist idea of class struggle. Arguing that the proletariat could not win or gain in a capitalist war, Lenin declared its true enemy is the imperialist leaders who sent their lower classes into battle. Workers would gain more from their own nations’ defeats, he argued, if the war could be turned into civil war and then international revolution.
Initially rejected by all but the more radical at the socialist Zimmerwald Conference in 1915, the concept appears to have gained support from more and more socialists, especially in Russia in 1917, after it was forcefully reaffirmed in Lenin's April Theses and Russia's war losses continued.
- Shikata ga nai (It cannot be helped)
- Estragon, a character from the play Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett
- Denethor, a character from the fantasy work Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
- Proletarian internationalism
- ^ Appignanesi, Richard (1977) Lenin For Beginners, p. 118. Writers and Readers Cooperative, London. ISBN 0906386039.
- ^ Pipes, Richard (1991). The Russian Revolution, p. 382. Vintage Books, New York. ISBN 0679736603.
Emotions (list) Emotions
Adoration · Affection · Agony · Awe · Amusement · Anger · Anguish · Annoyance · Anxiety · Arousal · Attraction · Caring · Compassion · Contempt · Contentment · Defeat · Dejection · Depression · Desire · Despair · Disappointment · Disgust · Ecstasy · Embarrassment · Empathy · Enthrallment · Enthusiasm · Envy · Euphoria · Excitement · Fear · Frustration · Grief · Guilt · Happiness · Hatred · Homesickness · Hope · Horror · Hostility · Humiliation · Hysteria · Infatuation · Insecurity · Insult · Irritation · Isolation · Jealousy · Loneliness · Longing · Love · Lust · Melancholy · Neglect · Optimism · Panic · Passion · Pity · Pleasure · Pride · Rage · Regret · Rejection · Remorse · Resentment · Sadness · Sentimentality · Shame · Shock · Sorrow · Spite · Suffering · Surprise · Sympathy · Tenseness · Thrill · Revenge · Worry · Zeal · Zest
WorldviewsSource: Parrott, W. (2001), Emotions in Social Psychology, Psychology Press, Philadelphia.
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defeatism — n. acceptance of the inevitability of defeat. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Defeatism — is acceptance and content with defeat without struggle. In everyday use, defeatism has negative connotation, and is often linked to treason and pessimism. The term is commonly used in the context of war: a soldier can be a defeatist if he or she… … Mini philosophy glossary
defeatism — index pessimism Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary
defeatism — 1918; see DEFEATIST (Cf. defeatist) … Etymology dictionary
defeatism — [[t]dɪfi͟ːtɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT Defeatism is a way of thinking or talking which suggests that you expect to be unsuccessful. ...the mood of economic defeatism … English dictionary
defeatism — noun Acceptance of defeat without struggle. Objective assessment is good but defeatism will reduce our potentials even when the prospects for victory have never been nearer … Wiktionary
defeatism — defeatist ► NOUN ▪ a person who gives in to failure too readily. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ showing ready acceptance of failure. DERIVATIVES defeatism noun … English terms dictionary
defeatism — noun Date: 1918 an attitude of accepting, expecting, or being resigned to defeat • defeatist noun or adjective … New Collegiate Dictionary
defeatism — /di fee tiz euhm/, n. the attitude, policy, or conduct of a person who admits, expects, or no longer resists defeat, as because of a conviction that further struggle or effort is futile; pessimistic resignation. [1915 20; DEFEAT + ISM, modeled on … Universalium
defeatism — (Roget s 3 Superthesaurus) n. resignation, passive acceptance, giving up, pessimism … English dictionary for students