Hawaii County, Hawaii


Hawaii County, Hawaii
Hawaii County, Hawaii
Seal of Hawaii County, Hawaii
Seal
Map of Hawaii highlighting Hawaii County
Location in the state of Hawaii
Map of the U.S. highlighting Hawaii
Hawaii's location in the U.S.
Founded 1905
Seat Hilo
Largest city Hilo
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

5,086.70 sq mi (13,174 km²)
4,028.02 sq mi (10,433 km²)
1,058.69 sq mi (2,742 km²), ?%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

185,079
46/sq mi (17.7/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian: UTC-10
Website co.hawaii.hi.us

Hawaiʻi County is a county located in the U.S. state of Hawaii in the Hawaiian Islands. It is coterminous with the Island of Hawaiʻi, often called the "Big Island" to distinguish it from the state as a whole. As of the 2010 Census the population was 185,079. The county seat is Hilo. There are no incorporated cities in Hawaiʻi County (see Hawaii Counties). The Hilo Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Hawaiʻi County. Hawaiʻi County has a mayor-council form of government.

Hawaii County is one of seven US counties to share its name with its state (the others are Arkansas County, Idaho County, Iowa County, New York County, Oklahoma County, and Utah County).


Contents

Geography

Hawaiʻi County has a total area of 5,086.70 square miles (13,174.5 km2); 4,028.02 square miles (10,432.5 km2) is land and 1,058.69 square miles (2,742.0 km2) is water[1] (mostly all off the ocean shoreline but counted in the total area by the U.S. Census Bureau). The county's land area comprises 62.7 percent of the state's land area. It is the highest percentage by any county in the United States. (Delaware's Sussex County comes in second at 48.0 percent, while Rhode Island's Providence County is third at 39.55 percent.)

Adjacent counties

Government and infrastructure

County government

Executive authority is vested in the Mayor of Hawaii County who is elected for a four-year term. Since 2004, the election by the voters has been on a non-partisan basis. In 2008, William "Billy" Kenoi was elected Mayor, succeeding Harry Kim who had served a two-term limit.[2] Legislative authority is vested in a nine-member County Council. Each member represents a geographical region of the island, which closely correlates to one of the nine tax map districts of Hawaiʻi County. Members of the County Council are elected on a non-partisan basis to two-year terms, with the latest election occurring in November of 2010.

Administrative districts were originally based on the traditional land divisions called Moku of Ancient Hawaii. Some of the more heavily populated districts have since been split into North and South districts to make them more comparable on a population basis.

The number following each district is the Tax Map Key (TMK) number, used to locate state property information. They are assigned in a counter-clockwise order beginning on the eastern side of the island.[3]

Nr. District Area
mi²
Population
2000
moku
District subdivision of Hawaii County
1 Puna 499.45 31335 Puna
2 South Hilo 394.38 47386 Hilo
3 North Hilo 370.65 1720 Hilo
4 Hāmākua 580.50 6108 Hāmākua
5 North Kohala 132.92 6038 Kohala
6 South Kohala 351.72 13131 Kohala
7 North Kona 489.01 28543 Kona
8 South Kona 335.38 8589 Kona
9 edit] State government

Hawaii Department of Public Safety previously operated the Kulani Correctional Facility in Hawaii County, on the Island of Hawaii.[6] In 2009, the Hawaii Department of Public Safety announced that Kulani Correctional Facility would close.[7]

Localities

Census-designated places

Other communities

National protected areas

Economy

Top employers

According to the County's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[8] the top employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 State of Hawaii 8,115
2 Hawaii County 2,745
3 United States Government 1,364
4 Hilton Waikoloa Village 984
5 Wal-Mart 852
6 KTA Super Stores 800
7 Mauna Loa Resort 685
8 The Fairmont Orchid 577
9 Four Seasons Resort Hualalai 562
10 Hapuna Beach Prince Hotel 487

Sister cities

Hawaii County has 10 sisters:[9]

References

External links

Coordinates: 19°35′N 155°30′W / 19.583°N 155.5°W / 19.583; -155.5


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