- The News & Observer
The June 16, 2009 front page of
The News & Observer
Type Daily newspaper Format Broadsheet Owner The McClatchy Company Publisher Orage Quarles III Editor John Drescher News editor Linda Williams Sports editor Gary Schwab Founded 1865 (as The Sentinel) Headquarters 215 South McDowell Street
Raleigh, North Carolina 27601
Circulation 176,083 Daily
211,245 Sunday 
Official website newsobserver.com
The News & Observer is the regional daily newspaper of the Research Triangle area of the U.S. State of North Carolina. The N&O, as it is popularly called, is based in Raleigh and also covers Durham, Cary, and Chapel Hill. The paper also has substantial readership in most of the state east of Winston-Salem. It is the state's second-largest newspaper, after The Charlotte Observer. The paper has won three Pulitzer Prizes, most recently in 1996 for a computer-assisted investigation of the North Carolina hog industry.
The newspaper became an online service provider and offered one of the first World Wide Web news sites with Nando.net in 1994. In 1995, the paper was bought by McClatchy Co. of Sacramento, California.
The publisher is Orage Quarles, who was named the nation's outstanding publisher by Editor and Publisher magazine in 2002. In 2007, John Drescher was named executive editor, succeeding Melanie Sill. The paper has a daily circulation of approximately 176,000, and a Sunday circulation of approximately 211,000.
The News & Observer traces its roots to The Sentinel, which was founded in 1865. That paper was eventually absorbed by The Observer, which in turn merged with The News in 1880 to form The News & Observer. In 1894, Josephus Daniels bought The News & Observer at a distressed property auction with the purpose of using the paper to support the state Democratic Party; 70 prominent North Carolina Democrats donated money for the auction. Daniels became the editor. His first edition was released on August 12, 1894, with a circulation of 1,800 (out of 10,000 in Raleigh) at $7 ($177 today) a year.
Daniels was editor of the paper until his death in 1948, and made many prominent changes. He installed the first linotype machines, changed the typography, and took advertisements off the front page. He wanted to change the name to The North Carolinian, but was convinced otherwise because The News & Observer already had name recognition with advertisers and readers. During this time, though, the paper was dubbed "The Old Reliable" by salesman Wiley Rogers.
Daniels was an unabashed racist and used every resource of his newspaper to remove African American officials from office. In editorials, his paper advocated the use of violence and intimidation to control black voters. A group of men called the "red shirts" appeared at political rallies and meetings, often with weapons to get their message across to black voters. Daniels was quoted as saying "if you have never seen three hundred red-shirted men towards sunset with the sky red and the red shirts seeming to blend with the sky, you cannot conceive the impression it makes."
In 1898, The News & Observer and Daniels ran a racist campaign to reclaim the state legislature from an alliance of the Republican and Populist political parties that had taken control of the state legislature in 1894. This 1898 campaign helped to bring about the disenfranchisement of thousands of black voters. The campaign, organized by Democratic Party state leaders (including Daniels and other white supremacists), resulted in the deaths of up to 100 African Americans and the burning of a newspaper owned by Alex Manly, an African American, in the Wilmington race riots. That bloody day led to Republicans (both black and white) who held public office being forced to resign at gunpoint. The event remains the only known violent overthrow of a city government in American history. A recent study by the Wilmington Race Riot Commission showed that "the Wilmington Race riot was not a spontaneous event, but was directed by white businessmen and Democratic leaders", one of whom was Josephus Daniels.
According to Pope House Museum Foundation in Raleigh, "As many of the whites the Democrats wanted to reach were illiterate, Daniels hired a professional cartoonist, Norman Jennett, who drew vile and false images of supposedly incompetent African American politicians who lusted after young white women."
After Democrats regained control, Daniels later said he regretted his tactics, and supported a number of progressive causes, like public education, anti child-labor laws, and banning alcohol.
1948 and later
In 1948, Daniels died and was replaced by his four sons. His son Jonathan edited the paper, and his son Frank was the president and publisher. In the 1950s, The News & Observer consolidated its position, buying The Raleigh Times and moving into a new headquarters at 215 S. McDowell St. in Raleigh, where it remains.
In 1968, the Daniels family hired Claude Sitton, who had been a correspondent for The New York Times and later an editor there. Serving as the editorial director of the paper, he promoted The News & Observer as a government watchdog and moved the news of the paper away from the personal and partisan stances it had taken under Josephus Daniels. However, its editorials were still often aligned with the Democratic Party. Triangle conservatives often call the paper "the Nuisance and Disturber." A year later, the Mini Page children's supplement was created and published. Today, it is one of the nation's most widely used children's newspaper supplements.
In 1971, Sitton became the editor and the paper began buying and publishing smaller local newspapers, starting with The Island Packet in Hilton Head, South Carolina, and The Cary News in Cary, North Carolina.
On March 16, 1980, a welder's torch started a fire and burned through all the newsprint threaded through the press, injuring three and causing millions in damage.
In 1987, the staffs of The News & Observer and The Raleigh Times merged, and on November 30, 1989, the last edition of The Raleigh Times was published. In 1988, The News & Observer endorsed its first Republican candidate for statewide election, showing, perhaps, a distancing from Democratic partisanship.
Throughout the early 1990s, The News & Observer divested itself of various local newspapers in South Carolina and the North Carolina mountains, and by September 1993, Sunday sales of The News & Observer reached 200,000 for every week. However, the newspaper still owns The Cary News, Chapel Hill News, and the Smithfield Herald among other newspapers. In 1994, the paper created Nando.net, becoming an Internet service provider and began publishing the NandO Times online newspaper.
On May 17, 1995, The News & Observer Publishing Company was sold to McClatchy Newspapers for $373 million, ending 101 years of Daniels family ownership. In the mid-1990s, Flexo machines were installed, allowing the paper to print 32 pages in color, at the time the largest color capacity of any newspaper in the United States.
In 1999, The News & Observer was named one of the nation's 100 best newspapers by the Columbia Journalism Review, and one of the 17 best-designed newspapers in the world by the Society for News Design.
With McClatchy's acquisition of most of Knight Ridder's properties in 2006, the state's two largest papers—the N&O and the Charlotte Observer—are now under common ownership.
In September 2008, the News and Observer offered buyouts to all 320 newsroom employees, approximately 40% of its staff, in an effort to cut expenses. Previously the company had shut down its Durham news bureau and in a separate event laid off 70 employees. Layoffs and buyouts have continued since then. 
The newspaper's presses appeared in the 1994 movie The Hudsucker Proxy. The building served as the Terre Haute, Indiana police station in Arthur Newman, Golf Pro, in scenes filmed November 9, 2011.
- ^ http://www.pulitzer.org/year/1996/public-service/works/about.html
- ^ http://abcas3.accessabc.com/ecirc/newsform.asp Retrieved May 25, 2008
- ^ http://www.newsobserver.com/443/story/200547.html
- ^ http://www.lib.unc.edu/ncc/1898/glossary.html
- ^ http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/10534555/
- ^ http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/1898-wrrc/1898rptdrftr.pdf
- ^ http://www.thepopehousemuseum.org/family3.html
- ^ Coletta, Chris (September 3, 2008). "N&O offers buyouts to 320 workers, entire newsroom Triangle Business Journal". Triangle Business Journal. http://www.bizjournals.com/triangle/stories/2008/09/01/daily14.html?ana=from_rss.
- ^ Cain, Brooke (2011-11-09). "Hollywood comes to downtown Raleigh today". News & Observer. http://www.newsobserver.com/2011/11/09/1631372/hollywood-comes-to-downtown-raleigh.html. Retrieved 2011-11-09.
- "Pulitzer Prize Winners 1996: Public Service". Columbia University. Archived from the original on 2006-08-27. http://web.archive.org/web/20060827192738/http://www.pulitzer.org/year/1996/public-service/works/about.html. Retrieved 2006-10-27.
- "The McClatchy Company Newspapers: The News & Observer". The McClatchy Company. http://www.mcclatchy.com/146/story/448.html. Retrieved 2006-10-27.
- "The North Carolina Election of 1898". University of North Carolina. http://www.lib.unc.edu/ncc/1898/glossary.html. Retrieved 2006-10-27.
- "Wilmington Race Riot Draft Report Offers Revelations" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/1898-wrrc/1898rptdrftr.pdf. Retrieved 2006-10-27.
- "Family History: Historical Context for the Pope Family". The Pope House Museum Foundation. http://www.thepopehousemuseum.org/family3.html. Retrieved 2006-10-27.
The McClatchy Company Newspapers
Anchorage Daily News • The Beaufort Gazette • Belleville News-Democrat • The Bellingham Herald • The Bradenton Herald • Centre Daily Times • The Charlotte Observer • Columbus Ledger-Enquirer • Florida Keys Keynoter • Fort Worth Star-Telegram • The Fresno Bee • Rock Hill (S.C.) Herald • The Idaho Statesman • Hilton Head (S.C.) Island Packet • The Kansas City Star • Lexington Herald-Leader • The Telegraph (Macon, GA) • Merced Sun-Star • The Miami Herald • The Modesto Bee • The Sun News (Myrtle Beach, S.C.) • El Nuevo Herald • The Olathe News • The Olympian • The News & Observer (Raleigh, N.C.) • The Sacramento Bee • The San Luis Obispo Tribune • The State (Columbia, S.C.) • The Sun Herald • The News Tribune • Tri-City Herald • The Wichita Eagle
Partnerships Pulitzer Prize for Public Service (1976–2000)
- Anchorage Daily News (1976)
- Lufkin Daily News (1977)
- Philadelphia Inquirer (1978)
- Point Reyes Light (1979)
- Gannett News Service (1980)
- Charlotte Observer (1981)
- Detroit News (1982)
- Jackson Clarion-Ledger (1983)
- Los Angeles Times (1984)
- Fort Worth Star-Telegram (1985)
- Denver Post (1986)
- Pittsburgh Press (1987)
- Charlotte Observer (1988)
- Anchorage Daily News (1989)
- Washington Daily News / Philadelphia Inquirer (1990)
- Des Moines Register (1991)
- Sacramento Bee (1992)
- Miami Herald (1993)
- Akron Beacon Journal (1994)
- Virgin Islands Daily News (1995)
- News & Observer (1996)
- New Orleans Times-Picayune (1997)
- Grand Forks Herald (1998)
- Washington Post (1999)
- Washington Post (2000)
- Complete list
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
The Velvet Rope — Сту … Википедия
News Corporation — Type Public Traded as NASDAQ: NWS … Wikipedia
The Press and Journal (Scotland) — The Press and Journal Type Daily newspaper Format Broadsheet Owner D. C. Thomson Co. Ltd … Wikipedia
News International phone hacking scandal — Rupert Murdoch, chairman and chief executive officer of News Corporation, the parent company of News International The News International phone hacking scandal is an ongoing controversy involving mainly the News of the World but also other… … Wikipedia
The Detours — The Who The Who 2007 in Rotterdam Gründung 1964 Auflösung 1983 Wiedervereinigung 1999 Genre Rock … Deutsch Wikipedia
The High Numbers — The Who The Who 2007 in Rotterdam Gründung 1964 Auflösung 1983 Wiedervereinigung 1999 Genre Rock … Deutsch Wikipedia
The Car Man (Bourne) — The company of Matthew Bourne s The Car Man, with danseur Alan Vincent in the lead role of Luca. Matthew Bourne s The Car Man is a dance production by British choreographer Matthew Bourne. It previewed for the first time on Tuesday, May 16th,… … Wikipedia
The Beatles (White Album) — The Beatles Альбом The Beatles Дата выпуска 22 ноября 1968 Записан Abbey Road Studios и Trident Studios 30 мая – 14 октября, 1968 … Википедия
The sunday times (royaume-uni) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir The Sunday Times. The Sunday Times est un journal du dimanche distribué au Royaume Uni et en Irlande, publié par Times Newpaper Ltd. Times Newspaper appartient à The Times. Les deux journaux ont été fondés… … Wikipédia en Français
The Sarah Connor Chronicles — Seriendaten Deutscher Titel: Terminator: S.C.C. Originaltitel: Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles Produktionsland: USA … Deutsch Wikipedia