- Test cricket hat-tricks
This is a list of all hat-tricks in Test cricket; that is, the occasions when a bowler has taken three
wickets in consecutive deliveries in Test cricketmatches. As of 8 March 2008, a hat-trickhas been taken 37 times since the first Test match in 1877, most recently by England medium-fast bowler Ryan Sidebottomon 8 March 2008 in the 1866th Test. On average, a hat-trick occurs roughly every 50 Tests. At least one bowler from each of the ten nations that play Test cricket has taken a Test hat-trick and India is the only country against whom nobody has taken a hat-trick
In the five-match series between a Rest of the World XI against England in 1970, a hat-trick was taken by South African
Eddie Barlowin the fourth match, at Headingley (the last three of four wickets in five balls). [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1970S/1970/R-O-W_IN_ENG/R-O-W_ENG_30JUL-04AUG1970.html] These matches were considered to be Tests at the time, but that status was later removed.
England and Australia combined have taken over half of all Test match hat-tricks to date, 21 of 37 (57%). With Ryan Sidebottom's hat-trick, England overtook Australia as the team having taken the most Test match hat-tricks. To date the number of hat-tricks by team is; England- 11, Australia- 10, West Indies- 4, Pakistan- 4, New Zealand - 2, India- 2, South Africa- 1, Sri Lanka- 1, Bangladesh- 1, Zimbabwe- 1.
Notable Test hat-tricks
*A player has taken two hat-tricks in the same Test match only once. Playing for Australia against South Africa in the first match of the
1912 Triangular Tournamentat Old Trafford, Manchester, England, leg spinner Jimmy Matthewstook a hat-trick in South Africa's first and second innings (No. 8 and 9 in the list below), both taken on 28 May 1912.
*Only two other cricketers have taken a Test hat-trick more than once: Australian
off spinner Hugh Trumble(No. 6 and 7 in the list below, two years apart, between the same teams at the same ground) and Pakistani fast bowler Wasim Akram(No. 24 and 25 in the list below, just over a week apart, in consecutive matches between the same teams). Wasim Akram is also the only player to have taken a hat-trick while Test captain.
*Only two cricketers have taken a Test hat-trick and a One-Day International hat-trick: both Pakistani bowlers,
Mohammed Samiand Wasim Akram; however, Wasim Akram has the unique distinction of taking two Test hat-tricks and two ODI hat-tricks, making four international hat-tricks in all.
*Three players have taken a hat-trick on their Test debut, English medium pace bowler
Maurice Allomin 1930 (No. 10), New Zealand off-spinner Peter Petherickin 1976 (No. 17), and Australian medium pace bowler Damien Flemingin 1994 (No. 20).
*No player has taken four wickets in four balls (although this feat has been accompilished in one day cricket,
Lasith Malinga28/3/2007 vs South Africa), but Allom's hat-trick was the last three of four wickets in five balls of his eighth over in Test cricket (the second ball being a dot ball). Two other Test players have taken four wickets in five balls: Chris Old, playing for England against Pakistan at Edgbaston in 1978 (the third ball of the series was a no ball), and Wasim Akram, playing for Pakistan against West Indies at Lahore in 1990-91 (the third ball of the series was a dot ball).
*The youngest player to take a hat-trick is Bangladeshi leg spinner
Alok Kapali(No. 32), when aged 19 years 240 days. The oldest player is English off spinner Tom Goddard(No.11), aged 38 years and 87 days.
Irfan Pathan(No. 36) is the only bowler to have taken a hat-trick in the first over of a Test match.
Merv Hughes(No. 19) is the only bowler to have taken a Test hat-trick with each ball in a different over.
List of Test hat-tricks
One-day International cricket hat-tricks
List of Test cricket triple centuries
** [http://www.howstat.com.au/cricket/Statistics/Bowling/BowlingHatTricks.asp?s=T Bowlers Taking Hat Tricks] (a list to Pathan, No.36, with dismissed batsmen),
Howstat, 2006. Last accessed 21 March 2006.
** [http://stats.cricinfo.com/ci/content/records/136977.html Hat Tricks in Test Matches] (a list to Pathan, No.36, with dismissed batsmen),
Cricinfo, 2006. Last accessed 21 March 2006.
Wisden Cricketers' Almanack" (includes a list to Franklin, No.35), 2005, Matthew Engel (ed), John Wisden & Co Ltd, ISBN 0-947766-89-8 (and earlier editions)
** [http://www.cricketarchive.com/Archive/Articles/0/360.html Lawson - the fourth West Indian to perform a hat-trick] (includes a list to Lawson, No.31),
Cricket Archive, 2003. Last accessed 21 March 2006.
** [http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A890570 Hat-tricks in Test Cricket] (includes a list to Sami, No.30, with dates, batsmen and dismissals),
h2g2, 21 February 2003. Last accessed 21 March 2006.
** [http://content-uk.cricinfo.com/ci/content/story/119088.html Sami bowls into record books] (includes a list to Sami, No.30, with innings, Test, and dismissal),
Cricinfo, March 22, 2002. Last accessed 21 March 2006.
** [http://content-uk.cricinfo.com/ci/content/story/104960.html Harbhajan makes history] (includes a list to Harbhajan, No.29, with innings, Test, and dismissal),
Cricinfo, March 12, 2001. Last accessed 21 March 2006. ;Reports
* [http://content-uk.cricinfo.com/ci/content/story/82008.html Hat-trick heroes in Test cricket before Wasim Akram] ,
Cricinfo, 29 March 1999. Last accessed 21 March 2006.
* [http://content-uk.cricinfo.com/pakistan/content/story/105374.html Hat-tricks in Test cricket] ,
Cricinfo, March 22, 2001. Last accessed 21 March 2006.
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