Kirill Moskalenko


Kirill Moskalenko

Infobox Military Person
name=Kirill Semenovich Moskalenko.
born= birth date|1902|5|11
died= death date and age|1985|6|17|1902|5|11


caption=Marshal of the Soviet Union Kirill Moskalenko.
placeofbirth=Grishino, Russian Empire
placeofdeath=Moscow, Soviet Union
placeofburial=Novodevichy Cemetery
placeofburial_label=
nickname=
allegiance=USSR
serviceyears=1920 — 1962
rank=Marshal of the Soviet Union
commands=
unit=Artillery
battles=Russian Civil War
Great Patriotic War
awards=Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Lenin (7)
Order of the October Revolution
Order of the Red Banner (5)
Order of Suvorov, 1st Class (2)
Order of Kutuzov, 1st Class
Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky, 1st Class
Order of the Patriotic War, 1st Class
Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces, 3rd Class
laterwork=Commander of Strategic Missile Forces

Kirill Semenovich Moskalenko (May 11, 1902June 17, 1985) was born in the village of Grishino, near Donetsk in Ukraine. He joined the Red Army in 1920, and fought on various fronts during the Russian Civil War. He attended a number of Military Academies. During the Soviet-Finnish War, he was the commander of artillery for the 51st (Rifle?) Division. He became the Marshal of the Soviet Union, Commander in Chief Strategic Missile Forces, Inspector General Ministry of Defense,

When Operation Barbarossa began in June 1941, Moskalenko was the commander of an anti-tank brigade. Between June 1941-March 1942, Moskalenko held the following commands, in this order: 1st Anti-Tank Brigade, 15th Rifle Corps, 6th Army, and 6th Cavalry Corps. He was the commander of the newly reformed 38th Army from March-July 1942. He was then appointed commander of 1st Tank Army (Soviet Union) (July-August 1942), 1st Guards Army (Soviet Union) (August-October 1942), before finally receiving command of 40th Army (Soviet Union) which was separate from the Voronezh Front, a position he held until October 1943. Moskalenko led his troops during the winter counteroffensive and during the Battle of Kursk. Because of his contributions to a large number of key battles, such as Moscow, Stalingrad, and Kursk, Moskalenko was given the rank of Hero of the Soviet Union.

From October 1943 until the end of the war, Moskalenko was the commander of 38th Army (Soviet Union). He led his troops as they helped drive the Germans from the Ukraine, Poland, and Czechoslovakia. After the war, Moskalenko served in various capacities in the Moscow Military District, before being appointed the Commander in Chief in 1953.

In 25th July 1953, Khrushchev secretly asked him to arrest Beria, which was done the next day during a Presidium meeting with the help of Marshal Zhukov. Because of the fear that the Soviet government had about the rising popularity of Zhukov, he could not carry a gun into the Kremlin. Moskalenko sneaked into the Kremlin with the gun to arrest Beria. During the next 6 months, he and Rudenko investigated the "Beria Case". In December 1953 the Soviet Supreme court found Beria guilty, after a 5 day proceeding. On the 23rd of December Beria was shot.

On March 11, 1955, Moskalenko, along with five other noteworthy commanders were given the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union. Moskalenko remained in the Moscow Military District until 1960, when he was made the Commander in Chief of the Strategic Rocket Forces. In 1962, he was made an Inspector General Ministry of Defense. He died on June 17, 1985 and is buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery.


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