- Vsevolod Nikolayevich Merkulov
Vsevolod Nikolayevich Merkulov ("Всеволод Николаевич Меркулов" in Russian) (OldStyleDate|November 27|1895|October 25,
Zagatala, present-day Azerbaijan– December 23, 1953), was the head of NKGBfrom February to July 1941, and again from April 1943 to March 1946. He was a member of the so-called "Georgian mafia" of Lavrenti Beria, head of the NKVD.
In 1913, Merkulov graduated from the
TiflisGymnasium with the gold medal and became a student at St. Petersburg University, Department of Physicsand Mathematics. From 1921-1922, he worked as a detectiveat the Transportation Unit of the Chekain Georgia. From 1925-1931, Merkulov held the posts of Head of Secret Operations Directorate and Deputy Head of GPU of Adzharistan.
Merkulov was People's Commissar of State Security of the USSR from
February 3, 1941until July 20, 1941, when the NKGB again fell under control of the NKVD as GUGB. From 1941-1943, Merkulov was Deputy People's Commissar of the NKVD. In 1943 the GUGB was again separated from the NKVD, and Merkulov became head of the NKGB from July 20, 1943until 1946.
He briefly served as Minister of the MGB in 1946, but was soon replaced by his rival
Viktor Abakumov. Merkulov later served as Minister of State Control, replacing Lev Mekhlis. He was arrested and executed by the firing squad along with his patron Beria and 5 other associates on December 23 1953.
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