Mataró


Mataró
Mataró
—  Municipality  —
Port of Mataró

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Coat of arms
Mataró is located in Catalonia
Mataró
Location in Catalonia
Coordinates: 41°32′N 2°27′E / 41.533°N 2.45°E / 41.533; 2.45Coordinates: 41°32′N 2°27′E / 41.533°N 2.45°E / 41.533; 2.45
Country  Spain
Community  Catalonia
Province Barcelona
Comarca Maresme
Government
 - Mayor Joan Antoni Baron Espinar
Area
 - Total 22.57 km2 (8.7 sq mi)
Elevation 28 m (92 ft)
Population (2010)
 - Total 122,932
 - Density 5,446.7/km2 (14,106.9/sq mi)
Demonym Mataroní
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website Official website

Mataró (Catalan pronunciation: [mətəˈɾo]) is the capital and largest city of the comarca of the Maresme, in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia Autonomous Community, Spain. It is located on the Costa del Maresme, to the south of Costa Brava, between Cabrera de Mar and Sant Andreu de Llavaneres, to the north-east of Barcelona. As of 2010, it had a population of c. 122,932 inhabitants.

Contents

History

La Riera, one of the main streets of Mataró

Mataró dates back to Roman times when it was a village known as "Iluro" or "Illuro". The ruins of a first century BC Roman bath house (known locally as the Torre Llauder) were recently discovered and can be visited. The coastal N-II highway follows the same path as the original Roman road.

Mataró was declared a city by royal decree, even though at the time (nineteenth century) the population fell short of the requirement for city status.

The first railway in peninsular Spain was the Mataró – Barcelona (opened on 28 October 1848), led by the Catalan businessman and Mataró native Miquel Biada. This line now forms part of the RENFE R1 suburban service between L'Hospitalet de Llobregat and Maçanet-Massanes. Mataró is also connected with Barcelona and Girona by the C-32 autopista (freeway) and with Granollers by the C-60 autopista.

During the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Mataró was the starting point for the marathon events.[1]

Main sights

Mataró is the birth place of noucentista architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch, who designed the ajuntament (town hall) and several other notable buildings in the town:

  • Casa Coll i Regàs
  • Casa Parera
  • Casa Sisternes
  • El Rengle
  • La Beneficiència

Nearby the town are the archaeological remains of the Roman villa of Can Llauder.

Agriculture

The traditional vineyards were devastated by Phylloxera in the nineteenth century and only partially replanted, due to the growth of the tourist industry and the development of irrigation in the area. Potatoes were one of the first replacement crops to be introduced, especially the Royal Kidney variety, and Mataró obtained a Denominació d'Origen in 1932.[2] Trocadero lettuce and peas are also grown, mostly for export. The production of cut flowers is less important than in other towns of the Maresme. Irrigated land made up 9.13 km² of the 10.57 km² of agricultural land in the municipality in 1986 (47% of the municipal territory).

Festivals, celebrations and events

The beach

Several major events are celebrated annually in Mataró. Some of them are also celebrated in the rest of Catalonia and others, which have a religious origin, are part of the folklore and traditions of Spain and some other countries. Among all of them the most popular ones are:

  • The three wise men in Mataró.
  • Carnival in Mataró: celebrated immediately before Lent.
  • Easter in Mataró: celebrated every year during one week on a movable date from the end of March to the very beginning of May
  • Saint George in Mataró: celebrated on the 23rd of April. It is a big celebration although it is not a bank holiday.
  • Saint Joan in Mataró: celebrated on the 24th of June
  • Les Santes: local festivity of the city celebrated at the end of July. It involves the recognition of Saint Juliana and Saint Semproniana.
  • The Tió: celebrated in Catalonia on Christmas’ Eve, the 24th December.
  • Mataró also celebrates several fairs such as:Tres Tombs and Saint Ponç In May it is celebrated a fair called Mercat de Sant Ponç. At the fair handicraft products, medicinal herbs, natural products like: honey,cheese, fruits, flowers, jam and salami are sold. Sant Ponç is the patron saint of the herbalists and bee keepers. The fair has been done for centuries. Its origins date to the 16th century, when in Spring herbalists took medicine to the sick. Today Sant Ponç fair is celebrated to preserve the antique customs.
  • Festival "Cultural Crossroad"
  • International Dance Festival "Days of Dance"

Twin towns

References

  1. ^ 1992 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. pp. 204-6.
  2. ^ Source: Catalan Wikipedia. This Denominació d'Origen is not currently (2006) protected at European Union level (see list).
  • Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).

External links


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  • Mataró — Mataró …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mataro — Mataró Mataró …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Matăro — Matăro, Stadt in der spanischen Provinz Barcelona (Catalonien), am Mittelmeere u. an der von Barcelona hierher führenden Eisenbahn, ist zum Theil neu u. regelmäßig gebaut, hat Hospital, Armenhaus, Nautische Schule, Manufacturen von Seidenzeugen,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mataró — es una localidad situada en la costa del mar Mediterráneo. Es la capital de la comarca catalana del Maresme y se encuentra a unos treinta kilómetros al norte de la ciudad de Barcelona. * * * ► C. de la prov. española de Barcelona, cab. de p. j.;… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Mataró — Mataró, Bezirkshauptstadt in der span. Provinz Barcelona, am Abhang eines Hügels, am Mittelländischen Meer und an der Küstenlinie Barcelona M. Gerona gelegen, zerfällt in die mit Ringmauern umgebene alte und die neue Stadt, hat eine Kirche (Santa …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mataró — Mataró, Hafenstadt in der span. Prov. Barcelona, am Mittelländ. Meer, (1900) 19.704 E.; Industrie, Fischerei …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mataro — Mataro, span. Stadt in der Provinz Barcelona am mittelländ. Meer, mit 15000 E., Fabriken u. lebhaftem Handel …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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