Detachment

Detachment
The lotus symbolizes non-attachment in some religions in Asia owing to its ability to soar over the muddy waters and produce an immaculate flower.

Detachment, also expressed as non-attachment, is a state in which a person overcomes his or her attachment to desire for things, people or concepts of the world and thus attains a heightened perspective.

Contents

Importance of the term

Detachment as release from desire and consequently from suffering is an important principle, or even ideal, in the Bahá'í Faith, Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Judaism, Jainism, Kabbalah and Taoism.

In Buddhist and Hindu religious texts the opposite concept is expressed as upādāna, translated as "attachment". Attachment, that is the inability to practice or embrace detachment, is viewed as the main obstacle towards a serene and fulfilled life. Many other spiritual traditions identify the lack of detachment with the continuous worries and restlessness produced by desire and personal ambitions.

Baha'i Faith

"Thou hast inquired about detachment. It is well known to thee that by detachment is intended the detachment of the soul from all else but God. That is, it consisteth in soaring up to an eternal station, wherein nothing that can be seen between heaven and earth deterreth the seeker from the Absolute Truth. In other words, he is not veiled from divine love or from busying himself with the mention of God by the love of any other thing or by his immersion therein."

The second definition is in the Words of Wisdom: "The essence of detachment is for man to turn his face towards the courts of the Lord, to enter His Presence, behold His Countenance, and stand as witness before Him." (Tablets of Baha'u'llah, p155)

Buddhism

Regarding the concept of detachment, or non-attachment, Buddhist texts in Pali mention Nekkhamma, a word generally translated as "renunciation". This word also conveys more specifically the meaning of "giving up the world and leading a holy life" or "freedom from lust, craving and desires."[1]

The writings of Milarepa, are canonical Mahayana Buddhist texts that emphasize the temporary nature of the physical body and the need for non-attachment.

Detachment is a central concept in Zen Buddhist philosophy. One of the most important technical Chinese terms for detachment is "wú niàn" (無念), which literally means "no thought." This does not signify the literal absence of thought, but rather the state of being "unstained" (bù rán 不然) by thought. Therefore, "detachment" is being detached from one's thoughts. It is to separate oneself from one's own thoughts and opinions in detail as to not be harmed mentally and emotionally by them.[2]

Christianity / Ignatian Spirituality

The Ignatian emphasis of Christian spirituality emphasizes interior freedom. To choose rightly, we should strive to be free of personal preferences, superfluous attachments and preformed opinions. St. Ignatius of Loyola counseled radical detachment: “We should not fix our desires on health or sickness, wealth or poverty, success or failure, a long life or a short one.” Our one goal is the freedom to make a wholehearted choice to follow God. Most Christian denominations never mention detachment in general.

Hinduism

The Hindu view of detachment comes from the understanding of the nature of existence and the true ultimate state sought is that of being in the moment. In other words, while one is responsible and active, one does not worry about the past or future. The detachment is towards the result of one's actions rather than towards everything in life. This concept is cited extensively within Puranic and Vedic literature, for example:

One who performs his duty without attachment, surrendering the results unto the Supreme Lord, is unaffected by sinful action, as the lotus is untouched by water.
Bhagavad Gita 5.10:

Jainism

Detachment is one of the supreme ideals of Jainism, together with non-violence. Non-possession/Non-attachment is one of the Mahavratas, the five great vows Jain monks observe.[3]

Taoism

The Tao Te Ching expressed the concept (in chapter 44) as:

Fame or Self: Which matters more? Self or Wealth: Which is more precious? Gain or Loss: Which is more painful? He who is attached to things will suffer much. He who saves will suffer heavy loss. A contented man is rarely disappointed. He who knows when to stop does not find himself in trouble. He will stay forever safe.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Detachment 88 — logo Active 2003 Present Country …   Wikipedia

  • Detachment R — (also known as the U.S. Army Russian Area School) was a special U.S. Army School initially located in a former Wehrmacht garrison in Oberammergau and later moved to Regensburg, Germany, where it remained from 1950 to 1954, when it was moved back… …   Wikipedia

  • detachment — [n1] disconnection disengagement, disjoining, dissolution, disunion, division, divorce, divorcement, partition, rupture, separation, severing, split up; concepts 388,747 Ant. attachment, combination, connection, linkage, merger detachment [n2]… …   New thesaurus

  • Detachment — De*tach ment, n. [Cf. F. d[ e]tachement.] 1. The act of detaching or separating, or the state of being detached. [1913 Webster] 2. That which is detached; especially, a body of troops or part of a fleet sent from the main body on special service …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Detachment —   [dɪ tætʃmənt, englisch] das, s/ s, die Abspaltung eines Elektrons von einem freien negativen Ion durch Strahlungsabsorption (Photodetachment), durch Stöße oder durch chemische Reaktionen des Ions mit anderen Atomen oder Molekülen (assoziatives… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Detachment — (frz. détacher = abgrenzen, entfernen) steht für: die Lösung eines Geschäftsobjekts bei Unternehmensanwendungen, siehe Enterprise JavaBeans eine tektonische Abscherungsfläche in der Geologie, siehe Abscherung (Geologie) Selbstentfremdung,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • detachment — index candor (impartiality), disassociation, disinterest (lack of interest), disinterest (lack of prejudice), di …   Law dictionary

  • detachment — 1660s, action of detaching, from Fr. détachement (17c.), from détacher (see DETACH (Cf. detach)). Meaning portion of a military force is from 1670s; that of aloofness from objects or circumstances is from 1798 …   Etymology dictionary

  • detachment — ► NOUN 1) the state of being objective or aloof. 2) a group of troops, ships, etc. sent away on a separate mission. 3) the action or process of detaching …   English terms dictionary

  • detachment — [dē tach′mənt, ditach′mənt] n. [Fr détachement] 1. a detaching; separation 2. a) the sending of troops or ships on special service b) a unit of troops separated from a larger unit for special duty c) a small permanent unit organized for special… …   English World dictionary


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»