Yamunacharya


Yamunacharya

Yamunacharya or Alavandar was a vishistadvaita philosopher in Srirangam. Ramanuja, one of the leaders of the srivaishnava school sought to be his disciple. He was born in early 10th century CE and was the grandson of a brahmin, Nathamuni. Nathamuni was a famed yogi who collected to the works of tamil alvars. He grew up learning Vedic texts from Rama Misra also known as Manakkal Nambi and was skilled in mimansa. Sirvaishnavite legend relates this story--As a teenager he challenged the royal priest Akkiyalvan of the Pandya king (the name of the king is disputed). Akkiyalvan, when he saw the age of the youth, asked sarcastically "alavandara?" meaning "has he come to rule me?". He defeated Akkiyalvan by proving through the accepted rules of logic that Akkiyalvan's mother was barren, the king was not righteous and the queen unchaste. The king and queen, impressed that the boy has understood the shortcomings of logic, adopted him. In other versions of the legend, he is given half the kingdom. There is no historical record to show his reign so it is possible that this happened in a smaller village rather than the kingdom of Pandya. [citation|title=Yamunacharya |author=Venkatadriagaram Varadachari|year=1984|publisher=Memorial Trust|url=http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC13671833&id=QJYcAAAAMAAJ&q=Yamunacharya&dq=Yamunacharya&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html&pgis=1] After years of rule, Mannakal Nambi tricked him into visiting the temple of Ranganatha. There, he had an epiphany and gave up the material duties of a king and became a sanyasin embracing saranagati. He composed the chatushloki and Strotra Ratna at that spot. Mannakal Nambi handed over the reins of Natha Muni's school including the collected divya prabandha and renamed him Yamuna Muni or Yamunacharya. As he grew older, he was perturbed that he could not finish the tasks he had set for himself and asked Ramanuja to visit him. Unfortunately, he died before he could talk with Ramanuja. Srivaishnavite devotees say that his corpse had curled three fingers and when Ramanuja saw these, he understood the tasks and promised to finish them whereupon the fingers straightened.
* The name of Parasara, should be commemorated on the earth by giving it to a person worthy to bear it.
* Compose a commentary on Tiruvaymozhi of Nammalvar the most prolific of Alvars
* Compose a commentary on Upanishads, Vedanta Sutras and Bhagavad Gita

Works

Alavandar, like Ramanuja, focused both on philosophical debates like dvaita vs. advaita and bhakti prayers and the works attributed to him are in sanskrit although he codified the heritage of the tamil alvars. Works attributed to him are
* chathuslOki a popular prayer in praise of Lakshmi
* StOtra Ratnam a prayer in praise of narayana
* Siddhitrayam consisting of (i) AtmaSiddhi. (ii) Samvitsiddhi and (iii)Iswara Siddhi which describe the vishistadvaita school of thought, describing a relation between the soul, god and the universe
* Agama Pramanya stating the authority of Pancharatra agama
* Maha Purusha Nirnayam describing that the ultimate reality is the god-goddess pair Sri and narayana
* Gitartha Sangraha a commentary on the Bhagvad Gita
* Nityam
* Maayaa Vaadha Khandanam

References

External links

* [http://nathamuni-alavandar.org/ Nathamuni-Alavandar.org - Dedicated to Shriman Nathamunigal and Shri Alavandar]
* [http://www.saranagathi.org/acharyas/yamuna/index.htm Sarangathi.org - A description of his prayer]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ramanuja — (indic |lang=ta |indic=ராமானுஜர் |trans=Rāmānujar; traditionally 1017 ndash;1137), also known as Ramanujacharya, was a theologian, philosopher, and scriptural exegete. He is seen by IAST|Śrīvaiṣṇavas as the third and most important teacher (… …   Wikipedia

  • Yamunacharia — Yamuna Acharia (siglo X – siglo XI) fue un religioso hinduista que vivió en Sri Rangam (sur de la India). Promovió la doctrina vishista advaita. Nació a principios del siglo X y era nieto del famoso bráhmana Nathamuni, que había sido un yogui… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vishishtadvaita —    The term Vishishtadvaita is very commonly misin terpreted as “qualified” (or “modified”) (vishishta) non dualism (ADVAITA). A more accurate (though still imprecise) translation is “non duality with differentiation.” This reflects… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Ямуначарья — или Алавандар  вайшнавский философ и святой из Шрирангама, принадлежавший к традиции шри вайшнавизма. Его учеником был великий вайшнавский ачарья Рамануджа. Ямуначарья родился в начале X века и был внуком Натхамуни, кодифицировавшего гимны… …   Википедия

  • Vishishtadvaita — Vedanta (IAST IAST|Viśishṭādvaita Vedanta ;Sanskrit: विशिष्टाद्वैत)) is a sub school of the Vedānta (literally, end or the goal of Knowledge , Sanskrit) school of Hindu philosophy, the other major sub schools of Vedānta being Advaita and Dvaita …   Wikipedia

  • Sri Sampradaya — or Sri Vaishnavism is a Vaishnava sect within Hinduism. Its origin may date back to around 10th century and its formation is associated with a collection of the devotional hymns and songs by Alvars being organized by Nathamuni, who is considered… …   Wikipedia

  • Nathamuni — (c. 900 – 950 CE)[1] was a Tamil Vaishnava scholar who founded the Sri Vaishnava tradition. According to Sri Vaishnava history, Acharya Shriman Nathamunigal was born at Veera Narayana Puram near Kattumannarkoil. It is believed that his other… …   Wikipedia

  • Swami Vivekananda — This article is about the chief Indian disciple. For the 1998 film, see Swami Vivekananda (film). Swami Vivekananda স্বামী বিবেকানন্দ स्वामी विवेकानन्द Swami Vivekananda in 1893 Born …   Wikipedia

  • Nyaya — Part of a series on Hindu philosophy …   Wikipedia

  • Lakshmi — For other uses, see Lakshmi (disambiguation). Lakshmi Lakshmi by Raja Ravi Varma Devanagari लक्ष्म …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.